Jaswan was a precolonial Indian state centred at Rajpur Jaswan,[1] in modern-day Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, commanded by the Jaswal Rajput clan.[2] It was founded in 1170 AD by Raja Purab Chand, a cadet of the Katoch lineage, ancient royal family of Kangra.[2]

Jaswan State
Princely State
1170–1849
History
History 
• Foundation of the state
1170
• Annexed by the British Raj
1849
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kangra State
Presidencies and provinces of British India
Today part ofHimachal Pradesh, India

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

According to legend Jaswan state was founded in 1170 by Raja Purab Chand from the Kangra Royal Family.[2]

British RajEdit

In 1815, the Sikh maharaja Ranjit Singh ordered all his available forces to assemble at Sialkot. The raja of Jaswan, Ummed Singh (1800–1849), failed to obey the summons and was fined a sum beyond his means. The raja was forced to relinquish his state to the Sikh emperor, and accepted a jagir of 21 villages and 12,000 Rs per annum. In 1848, he joined the Sikh in an unsuccessful revolt against the British. His palaces were plundered and razed to the ground, and his territory annexed. He was stripped of his title and exiled to Almora, where he died a year later.[3] In 1877, the jagir in Jaswan, along with several other former properties in Rajpura and Amb, was restored to Ummed's grandson Ran Singh (b. 1833), who also later acquired the jagir of Ramkot in Jammu upon marriage to a granddaughter of Maharaja Gulab Singh.[3]

The titles claimed by the princes, however, were still denied any recognition until Raghunath Singh (b. 1852) was granted the title of raja due to his Katoch lineage and marriages to two of the daughters of Maharaja Ranbir Singh of Jammu and Kashmir. The title could not be passed on through inheritance, and he could not administer his jagir. Raghunath Singh died in 1918, after which Laxman Singh succeeded him.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rajpur Jaswan · Himachal Pradesh 177211, India".
  2. ^ a b c Jerath, Ashok (1998). Dogra Legends of Art and Culture. Indus Publishing Company. p. 20-22. ISBN 978-8173870828. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "History of Una". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 13 September 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 30°29′02″N 76°35′38″E / 30.484°N 76.594°E / 30.484; 76.594