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Jaro, officially the Municipality of Jaro, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 43,199 people.[3]

Municipality of Jaro
Map of Leyte with Jaro highlighted
Map of Leyte with Jaro highlighted
Jaro is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°11′N 124°47′E / 11.18°N 124.78°E / 11.18; 124.78Coordinates: 11°11′N 124°47′E / 11.18°N 124.78°E / 11.18; 124.78
Country Philippines
RegionEastern Visayas (Region VIII)
District2nd district of Leyte
Barangays46 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRodrigo C. Arbas
 • Vice MayorRey P. Aure
 • CongressmanLolita T. Javier
 • Electorate23,530 voters (2016)
 • Total207.19 km2 (80.00 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total43,199
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)53
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class3rd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)116 million  (2016)
Native languagesWaray


In the early time of the Spanish regime, the section where the Jaro is situated today was a lush forest enjoying its primitive freedom undisturbed by human beings.

In those days, struggles between Christianity and Mohammedanism took place. Datu Buisan and Sirungan led one of the Moro expeditions. They came to the Visayas leading a fleet of colorful moro vintas razing Christian towns to the ground, killing the inhabitants and taking some as slaves. Christians had to unite against the invaders and this was how Jaro came into being. There were two Leytenos known far and wide for their skill with the native arms and bravery in wars. These two men were Bonsilao of Ormoc and Sinirungan of Dagami. These two men were so strong that the people concluded that they possessed supernatural powers. This belief was strengthened by the fact that they managed to drive the Moros away. Later, the two men decided to settle in a centrally located place where they could easily give aid to the beleaguered Christians especially the inhabitants of Balugu, Kalgara and the neighboring towns. An ideal place was finally found. This was atop a hill and this same hill is where the parochial church of Jaro is situated. As time went by, the place was consequently cleared and homes were built. Small crooked paths were widened and thus a town was born.

The legendary background of this municipality has been for the most part connected with the surging Cabayongan River, which crisscrosses the town. This river had served the inhabitants in many ways, becoming as it were the flesh and blood of the community. As historical data points out, the municipality of Jaro was once called “Salug,” a proximate location to the Cabayongan River. Its fertile soil and abundant fruit-bearing trees contributed immensely to its early growth and expansion. It became a “visita” because of the periodic baptismal visit regularly made by the priest coming from the town of Barugo. This “Visita” became the second name of the municipality of Jaro.

In later years, the village became the centrifuge of people coming from the outlying districts and regions due to a running well found at the foot of the hill where the present church now stands, the water of which was believed to be medicinal because of herbs whose roots were leading to the well. The old folks termed the mixture of the herbs from the hill as “Haro,” a medicinal potent drug supposed to cure all kinds of afflictions and diseases. People from near and far municipalities flocked to this place to be treated.

Thus, ultimately, the word “Haro” became a by-word among the people and later on used to denote the name of the place when it became a municipality in 1810. When the Spaniards came, “Haro” was transcribed as “Jaro”.

Notre Dame of Jaro, a Catholic school run by the sisters of the Oblates of Notre Dame, is located in Jaro.


Jaro is politically subdivided into 46 barangays.[2]

  • Alahag
  • Anibongon
  • Atipolo
  • Badiang
  • Batug
  • Bias-Zabala
  • Buenavista
  • Bukid
  • Burabod
  • Buri
  • Burinos (Malobago Sitio)
  • Canapu-an
  • Canhandugan (formerly San Javier)
  • Crossing Rubas
  • Daro
  • District I (Poblacion)
  • District II (Poblacion)
  • District III (Poblacion)
  • District IV (Poblacion)
  • Hiagsam
  • Hibucawan
  • Hibunawon
  • Kaglawaan
  • Kalinawan
  • La Paz
  • Likod
  • Macanip
  • Macopa
  • Mag-aso
  • Malobago
  • Olotan
  • Palanog (formerly Mooc)
  • Pange
  • Parasan
  • Pitogo
  • Sagkahan
  • San Agustin
  • San Pedro
  • San Roque
  • Santo Niño
  • Sari-sari
  • Sta. Cruz
  • Tinambacan
  • Tuba
  • Uguiao
  • Villa Conzoilo (Villa Conzoilo)
  • Villa Paz


There are a total of 42 Elementary Schools and 5 High Schools in Jaro, Leyte[4]

Grade School/Elementary SchoolEdit

  • Alahag Elementary School
  • Anibongon Elementary School
  • Atipolo Elementary School
  • Badiang Elementary School
  • Batug Elementary School
  • Buenavista Elementary School
  • Bukid Elementary School
  • Burabod Elementary School
  • Buri Elementary School
  • Caglawaan Elementary School
  • Canapu-an Elementary School
  • Canhandugan Elementary School
  • Daro Elementary School
  • Granja Central School
  • Hiagsam Elementary School
  • Hibucawan Elementary School
  • Hibunawon Elementary School
  • Jaro I Central School
  • La Paz Primary School
  • Licod Elementary School
  • Macanip Elementary School
  • Macopa Elementary School
  • Mag-aso Elementary School
  • Malobago Elementary School
  • Montejo Mendiola Memorial Elem. School
  • Olotan Elementary School
  • Pange Elementary School
  • Parasan Elementary School
  • Pitogo Elementary School
  • Rubas Elementary School
  • Sagkahan Elementary School
  • San Agustin Elementary School
  • San Pedro Primary School
  • San Roque Elementary School
  • Sari-sari Primary School
  • Sta. Cruz Elementary School
  • Sto. Nino Elementary School
  • Tinambacan Elementary School
  • Tuba Elementary School
  • Uguiao Elementary School
  • Villa Conzoilo Primary School
  • Zabala Elementary School

Secondary/High SchoolEdit

  • Agapito Amado Memorial National High School
  • Granja-Kalinawan National High School
  • Granja-Kalinawan NHS - Hiagsam Annex
  • Granja-Kalinawan NHS-Uguiao Annex
  • Teofilo R. Macaso Memorial National High School


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,066—    
1918 17,276+3.01%
1939 23,914+1.56%
1948 19,650−2.16%
1960 32,243+4.21%
1970 29,599−0.85%
1975 30,987+0.92%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 29,739−0.82%
1990 31,727+0.65%
1995 32,726+0.58%
2000 37,437+2.93%
2007 38,797+0.49%
2010 39,577+0.73%
2015 43,199+1.68%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Jaro, Leyte, was 43,199 people,[3] with a density of 210 inhabitants per square kilometre or 540 inhabitants per square mile.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ . School Torkis Directory Retrieved November 9, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit