Jamal al-Din al-Mizzi

Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥajjāj Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Yūsuf ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Yūsuf al-Kalbī al-Quḍā’ī al-Mizzī, (Arabic: يوسف بن عبد الرحمن المزي‎), also called Al-Ḥāfiẓ Abī al-Hajjāj, was a Syrian muhaddith and the foremost `Ilm al-rijāl Islamic scholar.

Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥajjāj Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Yūsuf al-Kalbī al-Quḍā’ī al-Mizzī
Other namesAl-Ḥāfiẓ, Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Mizzī
Personal
Born1256 AD (654 AH)[1]
Mizza, Aleppo, now Syria
Died1341 AD (742 AH)[2]
ReligionIslam
EraMamluk Era
RegionSyrian scholar
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceShafi'i[3]
Main interest(s)Ilm ar-Rijal
Other namesAl-Ḥāfiẓ, Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Mizzī
Muslim leader

LifeEdit

Al-Mizzī was born near Aleppo in 1256 under the reign of the last Ayyubid emir An-Nasir Yusuf. From 1260 the region was ruled by the na'ib al-saltana (viceroys) of the Mamluk Sultanate. In childhood he moved with his family to the village of al-Mizza outside Damascus, where he was educated in Qur’ān and fiqh. [3] In his twenties he began his studies to become a muḥaddith and learned from the masters. His fellow pupil and life-long friend was Taqī al-Dīn ibn Taymiyya. He travelled across the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, Syria (الشَّام), and Ḥijāz and became the greatest `Ilm al-rijāl (عِلْمُ الرِّجال) scholar of the Muslim world and an expert grammarian and philologist of Arabic.[3]

His youthful flirtation with Ṣūfisim ended when Ibn Taymiyya persuaded him to cut his Ṣūfī contacts. It was also Taymiyya’s ideological influence, which although contrary to his own Shāfi’ī legalist inclination, that led to a stint in jail. Despite his affiliation with Ibn Taymiyya he became head of the Dār al-Ḥadīth al-Ashrafiyya, a leading ḥadīth academy in Damascus, in 1319. And although he professed the Ash’arī doctrine suspicion continued about his true beliefs.[3] He died at Dar al-Hadith al-Ashrafiyyah in Damascus in 1341/2 and was buried in the Sufiyyah graveyard.[4]

Pupils[3]Edit

WorksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20061205212315/http://www-personal.umich.edu/~beh/islam_hadith_melv.html. Archived from the original on December 5, 2006. Retrieved September 22, 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Laoust, Henri (2012). ""Ibn Taymiyya." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition". BrillOnline. BrillOnline. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Juynboll 1990, p. 212.
  4. ^ a b c   Al-Risalah al-Mustatrafah., by al-Kattani, pg. 208, Dar al-Basha'ir al-Islamiyyah, Beirut, seventh edition, 2007.
  5. ^ Ibn Kathir I, Le Gassick T (translator), Fareed M (reviewer) (2000). The Life of the Prophet Muhammad : English translation of Ibn Kathir's Al Sira Al Nabawiyya. ISBN 9781859641422.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Fozia Bora, Writing History in the Medieval Islamic World: The Value of Chronicles as Archives, The Early and Medieval Islamic World (London: I. B. Tauris, 2019), p. 38; ISBN 978-1-7845-3730-2.

BibliographyEdit