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Carl Brockelmann (17 September 1868 – 6 May 1956) German Semiticist, was the foremost orientalist of his generation. He was a professor at the universities in Breslau, Berlin and, from 1903, Königsberg. He is best known for his multi-volume Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (1898–1902) (History of Arabic literature) which included all writers in Arabic to 1937, and remains the fundamental reference volume for all Arabic literature, apart from the Christian Arabic texts (covered by Georg Graf).

Carl Brockelmann
Born 17 September 1868
Rostock, now Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State, Germany
Died 6 May 1956 (aged 87)
Halle an der Saale, now Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Occupation German Author, University of Wrocław professor, Orientalist, Semiticist
Notable work Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (1898–1902),
Lexicon Syriacum (1895),
Kurzgefasste vergleichende Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen (1908),
Abessinsche Studien (1950)
History of Arabic Literature 1909 - Carl Brocklmann

He also published Syrische Grammatik mit Litteratur, Chrestomathie und Glossar (1899), Semitische Sprachwissenschaft (1906), Lexicon syriacum (1928), and Arabische Grammatik (under his own name 1941, but this was the 11th edition of the grammar of Albert Socin, previously revised by Brockelmann several times).

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