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Jacques Durand (publisher)

Jacques Durand (born Marie-Jacques Massacrié-Durand; 22 February 1865 – 22 August 1928)[1] was a French music publisher and composer, sometimes under the pseudonym J. Samm. The family's publishing house, Éditions Durand, published works by many of Durand's contemporaries, including Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas, Gabriel Fauré, Jacques Ibert, Darius Milhaud, Maurice Ravel and Camille Saint-Saëns.

Jacques Durand
Born
Marie-Jacques Massacrié-Durand

(1865-02-22)22 February 1865
Paris, France
Died22 August 1928(1928-08-22) (aged 63)
Other namesJ. Samm
EducationConservatoire de Paris
Occupation
  • Music publisher
  • Composer
OrganizationÉditions Durand

LifeEdit

Born in Paris, Durand was a fellow student of Paul Dukas and Claude Debussy at the Conservatoire de Paris, where his only reward was an honourable mention (2e accessit) in harmony in 1884.[2]

Jacques Durand was first associated with his father Auguste Durand in 1886 as director of the music publishing house[3] Durand-Schönewerk & Cie at 4, Place de la Madeleine in Paris. On 19 November 1891, the company changed its name to Éditions A. Durand & Fils. In 1909, after his father's death, he took over the management of the publishing house. On 23 November of that year, the company changed its name again to Éditions Durand & Cie.[3] From then on, Durand was associated with his cousin Gaston Choisnel (1857-1921)[4] and then, from April 1921, with another cousin, René Dommange [fr].

Among the main composers published under the direction of Jacques Durand were many of his contemporaries[3] such as Louis Aubert, André Caplet,[5] Debussy, Dukas,[6] Gabriel Fauré, Jacques Ibert, Vincent d'Indy, Darius Milhaud, Maurice Ravel, Albert Roussel, Camille Saint-Saëns, and Florent Schmitt.[5]

In 1914, under his direction, Éditions Durand launched the important collection Édition classique Durand & Fils, with the revision of 19th century works by renowned composers: piano sonatas and sonatas for violin and piano by Beethoven revised by Dukas, piano works by Frederic Chopin revised by Debussy,[6] violin sonatas by Haydn revised by Schmitt, piano works by Felix Mendelssohn revised by Ravel,[6] chamber music by Mendelssohn revised by Roussel, and piano works by Robert Schumann revised by Fauré.

Durand led an initiative to organise chamber music concerts, and sometimes even orchestral music concerts, to promote the authors of his publishing house's catalogue: in 1910, 1911, 1912 and 1913[7] and later in 1927. In 1924, Durand made a major donation of Claude Debussy's musical manuscripts to the library of the Conservatoire de Paris.[8] Durand was also a patron of musicians; in 1927, he made a donation of 100,000 francs to the Académie des beaux-arts to establish a biennual musical composition prize for a symphonic or chamber music work.[9] His untimely death in 1928 prevented him from seeing the realisation of this gift.

Durand was the owner of the manor house of Bel Ébat in Avon, the former hunting lodge of King Henry IV of France, not far from Fontainebleau.

In 1889, he married Augustine Marcotte, daughter of his adoptive mother.[10] They had no children.

On 22 August 1928, Durand died of a stroke at the age of 63. Notified by his widow, Ravel, then in the middle of the orchestration of the Bolero, came from Montfort l'Amaury the next day to Avon, and returned for the funeral celebrated in private: "Yes, I went to Avon on Thursday [23 August 1928]. The other week, a telegram from Ms. Durand told me that poor Jacques had a stroke and died within a few hours. I went back there on Saturday [25 August 1928]."[11] "For the funeral, very simple, no church. Few people: only relatives and friends. So much more moving than the great ceremony in Paris that one might have feared."[12] The press confirmed Maurice Ravel's testimony: "The funeral of Mr. Jacques Durand, the well-known music publisher, was celebrated in the strictest privacy on the 26th of this year in Avon (Seine-et-Marne). No announcement has been sent."[13]

PublicationsEdit

  • Éléments d'harmonie à l'usage de débutants,suivis d'exemples explicatifs tirés d'œuvres anciennes et modernes (in French). Paris: Durand. 1919. p. 39.[14]
  • Cours professionnel à l'usage des employés du commerce de musique. I : Édition musicale historique et technique. II : Abrégé de l'histoire de la musique (in French). Paris: Durand. 1923. p. 32.[15]
  • Quelques souvenirs d’un éditeur de musique (in French). Paris: Durand. 1924. p. 136. (First volume of memories from the director of the Éditions Durand from 1909 to 1928)[16]
  • Quelques souvenirs d’un éditeur de musique, 2e série (1910-1924) (in French). Paris: Durand. 1926. p. 191.[17] (Second volume of the memories of the director of Éditions Durand from 1909 to 1928)
  • Lettres de Claude Debussy à son éditeur (in French). Paris: Durand. 1927. p. 191.[18]

Awards and honoursEdit

  • 1900: Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur.[19]
  • 1913: Officier de la Légion d'honneur.[20]
  • 1924: Silver medal from the Ministry of Labour (for services rendered to the mutual insurance institution).[21]

Laureates of the Jacques Durand Prize of the Académie des Beaux-ArtsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Acte de naissance n°623 de l'année 1865 de l'état civil du 6e arrondissement de Paris
  2. ^ Pierre Constant (1900). Le Conservatoire national de musique et de déclamation; documents historiques et administratifs recueillis ou reconstitués par Constant Pierre (in French). Paris: Imprimerie Nationale. p. 808. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Vignal 2005.
  4. ^ "Gaston Choisnel (1857-1921)". data.bnf.fr (in French). Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b Éditions Durand 2019, p. 2.
  6. ^ a b c Orledge 2002, p. 121.
  7. ^ "Notice bibliographique". catalogue.bnf.fr (in French). Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Ministère de l'Instruction Publique et des Beaux-Arts". Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et décrets (in French). 9 November 1924. p. 9932. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Échos et nouvelles". Le Ménestrel (in French). 4 March 1927. p. 103. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Publications de mariages. Relevé du 31 mars 1889". Le XIXe Siècle (in French). 2 April 1889. p. 4. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  11. ^ The funeral having taken place on the 26th, Ravel probably slept in Bel Ebat.
  12. ^ Cornejo 2018, p. 1186.
  13. ^ "Nos échos. Nécrologie". Le Petit Parisien (in French). 30 August 1928. p. 2. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  14. ^ Éléments d'harmonie à l'usage de débutants,suivis d'exemples explicatifs tirés d'œuvres anciennes et modernes on WorldCat
  15. ^ Cours professionnel à l'usage des employés du commerce de musique. I : Édition musicale historique et technique. II : Abrégé de l'histoire de la musique on WorldCat
  16. ^ Quelques souvenirs d’un éditeur de musique I on WorldCat
  17. ^ Quelques souvenirs d’un éditeur de musique, 2e série (1910-1924) on WorldCat
  18. ^ Lettres de Claude Debussy à son éditeur in WorldCat
  19. ^ "Ministère du Commerce et de l'Industrie". Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et décrets (in French). 18 August 1900. p. 5527. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  20. ^ "Ministère du Commerce et de l'Industrie". Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et décrets (in French). 18 January 1913. p. 496. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  21. ^ "Ministère du Travail, de l'Hygiène, de l'Assistance et de la Prévoyance Sociales. Département de Seine-et-Marne. Médailles d'argent". Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et décrets (in French). 9 August 1924. p. 7384. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  22. ^ "Échos et nouvelles". Le Ménestrel (in French). 13 June 1930. p. 276. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  23. ^ "Échos et nouvelles". Le Ménestrel (in French). 20 May 1932. p. 224. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  24. ^ "À l'École des Beaux-Arts". Le Petit Journal (in French). 27 May 1934. p. 5. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  25. ^ "Échos et nouvelles". Le Ménestrel (in French). 8 May 1936. p. 224. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  26. ^ "Procès verbaux des séances". Académie des beaux-arts. Bulletin annuel (in French). 1938. p. 19. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  27. ^ "Académie des beaux-arts". Le Temps (in French). 27 May 1940. p. 2. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  28. ^ "Prix annuels des académies des Beaux-Arts et des Sciences Morales". L'Écho d'Alger (in French). 10 May 1942. p. 2. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  29. ^ Maurice Brillant (16 May 1946). "Concerts passés et à venir". L'Aube (in French). p. 2.
  30. ^ "Les prix de musique de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts". L'Aube (in French). 20 May 1948. p. 3.

Cited sourcesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Robert Bernard (1929). Jacques Durand (1865-1928) (in French). Geneva: Édition de la Revue mensuelle. p. 100.
  • Jacques Durand. In memoriam, 22 August 1928–22 August 1938 (in French). Paris: Durand. 1938. p. 15. (texts by Louis Aubert, Jean Dorbal, Stan Golestan [fr], W. L. Landowski, Gustave Samazeuilh)
  • René Dommange; Lola Dommange (1969). 1869-1969 : Livre du centenaire des Éditions Durand & Cie (in French). Paris: Durand. p. 83.
  • Anik Devriès-Lesure; François Lesure (1988). Dictionnaire des éditeurs de musique français, de 1820 à 1914 (in French). 2. Geneva: Minkoff.
  • Jacques Depaulis (1997). "Lettres de Roger-Ducasse à son éditeur Jacques Durand". Revue de la Société liégeoise de Musicologie (in French) (8). pp. 5–126.
  • Alain Surrans (1998). "Éditions Musicales Durand S.A.". L'édition musicale en France (in French). Paris: Association française d'action artistique (AFAA).
  • Robert S. Nichols; Nigel Simeone; Jeremy Drake (2001). "Durand". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 7. London: Macmilan. pp. 736–737.
  • Christian Voisin; François Doury (2002). Le manoir de Bel-Ebat et la musique française autour de Claude Debussy (in French). Héricy: Editions du Puits Fleuri. p. 228. A book richly illustrated with photographs and documents around the private homes of successive directors of Durand Publishing.
  • Claude Debussy (2005). Correspondance 1872-1918, edition prepared by François Lesure and Denis Herlin and annotated by François Lesure, Denis Herlin and Georges Liébert (in French). Paris: Éditions Gallimard. ISBN 2-07-077255-1. Contains many letters from Claude Debussy to Jacques Durand.

External linksEdit