Jabrayil District (Azerbaijani: Cəbrayıl rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-west of the country and belongs to the Upper Karabakh Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Khojavend, Fuzuli, Qubadli, Zangilan, and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Its capital is Jabrayil, however since the city is completely ruined following its Armenian occupation, the current de facto capital is Jojug Marjanly until Jabrayil is rebuilt. As of 2020, the district had a nominal population of 81,700.
Map of Azerbaijan showing Jabrayil District
|Established||8 August 1930|
Jojug Marjanly (de facto)
|• Total||1,050 km2 (410 sq mi)|
|• Density||78/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (AZT)|
The name of Jabrayil was taken from the name of the village Jabrayil that was the centre of the region. Father Jabrayil, who was the founder of the village Jabrayil, was one of the closes of the ruler by name Sultan Ahmed who lived in VIII century and the territories between Zuyaret Mountain and the river Araz belonged to Father Jabrayil and his sons.
The territory was occupied by Armenian forces on August 23, 1993, during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War and was administrated as a part of Hadrut Province of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic except the village of Jojug Marjanly, was recaptured on January 6, 1994, during Operation Horadiz. This village was the provisional centre of this district until the recapture of Jabrayil on October 9, 2020.
The region with 1,050 square km area, including 72 secondary schools, eight hospitals, five mosques, two museums, 120 historic monuments, 149 cultural centres and about 100 villages that remained in the area were totally destroyed.
Return to Azerbaijani controlEdit
In the context of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, on October 9, 2020, the Azerbaijani Ministry of Defence announced the recapture of the district's central town, Jabrayil, from Armenian forces. On October 20, 2020, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev announced the recapture of Safarsha, Hesengaydi, Fuganli, Imambaghi, Dash Veysalli, Aghtepe, Yarakhmedli villages of Jabrayil district. On October 21–22, 2020, 9 more villages of the district were recaptured according to Azerbaijani sources. In November 2020, Azerishiq announced that it had begun supplying electricity to the district.
|Note: Population size may be affected by changes in administrative divisions.|
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