Jabrayil District

Jabrayil District (Azerbaijani: Cəbrayıl rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-west of the country and belongs to the East Zangezur Economic Region.[3] The district borders the districts of Khojavend, Fuzuli, Qubadli, Zangilan, and the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Jabrayil District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Jabrayil District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Jabrayil District
Country Azerbaijan
RegionEast Zangezur
Established8 August 1930
CapitalJabrayil (nominal)
Jojug Marjanly (de facto)
Settlements[1]93
Government
 • GovernorKamal Hasanov
Area
 • Total1,050 km2 (410 sq mi)
Population
 • Total81,700 (nominal)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code
1400
Websitecabrail-ih.gov.az

Its capital is Jabrayil, however since the city is completely ruined following its occupation by ethnic Armenian forces, the current de facto capital is Jojug Marjanly until Jabrayil is rebuilt. As of 2020, the district had a nominal population of 81,700.[2]

EtymologyEdit

The name of Jabrayil was taken from the name of the village Jabrayil that was the centre of the region. Father Jabrayil, who was the founder of the village Jabrayil, was one of the closes of the ruler by name Sultan Ahmed who lived in VIII century and the territories between Zuyaret Mountain and the river Araz belonged to Father Jabrayil and his sons.[4]

HistoryEdit

In pre-modern times, the current territory of Jabrayil District is believed to have formed the southern part of the canton (gavaṛ) of Myus Haband (known as Belukan or Dizak in the medieval era) of the historic Armenian province of Artsakh. Historian Samvel Karapetyan considers it likely the most of the area's Armenian population had left by the early 18th century.[5] In the tsarist era, Jabrayil District (which was a part of the Jebrail Uyezd of the Elisabethpol Governorate) was mainly populated by nomadic or semi-nomadic Turkic-speakers (i.e. Azerbaijanis), as well as a minority of sedentary Armenians and a small number of Russian Molokan settlers.[5] The nomadic population was settled in the Soviet period.[5]

Armenian occupationEdit

The territory was occupied by Armenian forces on August 23, 1993, during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War. It was administrated as a part of Hadrut Province of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, save for the village of Jojug Marjanly, which was recaptured on January 6, 1994 during Operation Horadiz. This village was the provisional centre of this district until the recapture of Jabrayil in 2020.

The region with 1,050 square km area, including 72 secondary schools, eight hospitals, five mosques, two museums, 120 historic monuments, 149 cultural centres and about 100 villages that remained in the area were totally destroyed.[dubious ]

Return to Azerbaijani controlEdit

In the context of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, on October 9, 2020, the Azerbaijani Ministry of Defence announced the recapture of the district's central town, Jabrayil, from Armenian forces.[6] On October 20, 2020, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev announced the recapture of Safarsha, Hesengaydi, Fuganli, Imambaghi, Dash Veysalli, Aghtepe, Yarakhmedli villages of Jabrayil district.[7] On October 21–22, 2020, 9 more villages of the district were recaptured according to Azerbaijani sources.[8][9] In November 2020, Azerishiq announced that it had begun supplying electricity to the district.[10]

Administrative structureEdit

According to the State Statistics Committee of Azerbaijan Republic as of 2013, there is 1 city, 4 settlements and 92 villages in the district which has a territory of 1050 km2.[11]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPopulation±%
1897 66,360—    
1926 75,371+13.6%
1939 23,502−68.8%
1959 26,377+12.2%
1970 37,227+41.1%
1979 43,047+15.6%
1989 49,156+14.2%
1999 59,318+20.7%
2009 70,585+19.0%
Note: Population size may be affected by changes in administrative divisions.
Source: www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru & www.pop-stat.mashke.org

At the time of the 1979 Soviet census, the ethnic makeup of the district's population whose ethnicity was known (43,047 people) was:[12]

Notable nativesEdit

  • Ashiq Qurbani (1477-1???) — was an Azerbaijani poet and folk singer
  • Ashiq Peri (1811–1847) — was an Azerbaijani poet and folk singer

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Azərbaycan Respublikasında iqtisadi rayonların yeni bölgüsü haqqında Azərbaycan Respublikası Prezidentinin Fərmanı » Azərbaycan Prezidentinin Rəsmi internet səhifəsi". president.az.
  4. ^ "Jabrayil". virtualkarabakh.az. Archived from the original on 2020-12-14. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  5. ^ a b c Karapetyan, Samvel (1999). Hay mshakuytʻi hushardzannerě Khorhrdayin Adrbejani bṛnaktsʻvats shrjannerum [Armenian cultural monuments in the regions annexed to Soviet Azerbaijan] (PDF) (in Armenian). Yerevan: Armenian National Academy of Sciences. pp. 240-241։.
  6. ^ "Cəbrayıl şəhərində Azərbaycan Bayrağı dalğalanır – VİDEO" (in Azerbaijani). Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan. 9 October 2020. Archived from the original on 10 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  7. ^ "President Ilham Aliyev: Zangilan city and 6 villages of the district, 18 villages of Fuzuli, Jabrayil, and Khojavand districts were liberated". State News Agency of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 2020-10-20. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  8. ^ "President Ilham Aliyev: Azerbaijani Army liberated 3 villages of Fuzuli district, 5 villages of Jabrayil district". State News Agency of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 2020-10-24. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  9. ^ "President Ilham Aliyev: Azerbaijani Army liberated 3 villages of Fuzuli district, 4 villages of Jabrayil district". MINISTRY OF DEFENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN. Archived from the original on 2020-10-26. Retrieved 2020-10-22.
  10. ^ "Свет Азербайджана уже горит в Шуше (ВИДЕО)". vestikavkaza.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2020-11-22. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  11. ^ Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi: İnzibati ərazi bölgüsü təsnifatının qüvvədə olan variantı (CƏBRAYIL RAYONU – 60500001 Archived 2017-01-26 at the Wayback Machine)
  12. ^ "население азербайджана". www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru. Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°18′N 47°00′E / 39.300°N 47.000°E / 39.300; 47.000