Ashiq Qurbani

Ashik Qurbani or Kurbani (Azerbaijani: Aşıq Qurbani) is one of the most prominent ashiks of all times.[1]

Qurbani
Born1477
Diri
DiedDiri
OccupationAshik

Qurbani, or was born in 1477 in Diri village (today this place is on the territory of Jabrayil District of Azerbaijan).[2] He was a contemporary of Shah Ismail and may have served as the court musician.[3] According to folk traditions, Qurbani became an ashik via divine intervention in a dream.[4] In the same dream, he sees a big palace and a beautiful maiden in the garden. The girl is also looking at him. A Saint holds one hand of the girl; the second Saint holds the other and puts a love potion into the hand of the girl... Qurbani opens his eyes while he is trying to embrace the girl, but realizes that it has all been a dream. Thus he falls in love with the maiden whose name was Perizat (Pari). This tradition is the basis of a famous ashik hikaye, known as "Qurbani and Pari".

Qurbani's compositionsEdit

Qurbani's compositions were handed down as gems of oral art from generation to generation and constitute a necessary repertoire of every ashik. A famous qushma, titled Violet, starts as the following:[5][6]

Başina mən dönüm ala göz Pəri, --- (O my dearest, my love, my beautiful green-eyed Pari)
Adətdir dərələr yaz bənəvşəni. --- (Custom bids us pluck violets when spring days begin)
Ağ nazik əlinən dər dəstə bağla, --- (With your tender white hand gather a nosegay,)
Tər buxaq altinə düz bənəvşəni... --- (Pin it under your dainty chin.....)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Intangible Cultural Heritage of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation (PDF). Unesco. p. 21.
  2. ^ Гурбани. Азербайджанская ашыгская поэзия. Газанфар Ниязов, кандидат филологических наук. Изд. «Язычы», Баку, 1984. - 47 стр. Стр. 9
  3. ^ صدیق. "قوپوزنوازان دلسوخته آذربایجان (عاشیق قوربانی)". سایت دوستداران دکتر حسین محمدزاده صدیق. Archived from the original on 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  4. ^ Baṣgöz, I. (1967). Dream Motif in Turkish Folk Stories and Shamanistic Initiation. Asian Folklore Studies, 26(1), 1-18.
  5. ^ "ANTHOLOGY OF ASHIQ" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-05.
  6. ^ Madatli, Eynulla (2010). Poetry of Azerbaijan (PDF). Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Islamabad. p. 75. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-02. Retrieved 2014-05-28.