East Zangezur Economic Region

East Zangezur Economic Region (Azerbaijani: Şərqi Zəngəzur iqtisadi rayonu) is one of the 14 economic regions of Azerbaijan. It borders Iran to the south and Armenia to the west, as well as the economic regions of Karabakh, and Ganja-Dashkasan. The region consists of the districts of Kalbajar, Lachin, Qubadli, Zangilan, and Jabrayil.[2] It has an area of 7,448 square kilometres (2,876 sq mi). Its population (the refugees and IDPs living outside the economic region in Azerbaijan) was estimated to be at 343.5 thousand people in January 2021.[1]

East Zangezur Economic Region
Şərqi Zəngəzur iqtisadi rayonu  (Azerbaijani)
East Zangezur Economic Region in Azerbaijan
East Zangezur Economic Region in Azerbaijan
CountryAzerbaijan
Established7 July 2021
Area
 • Total7,448 km2 (2,876 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total343,500
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)

HistoryEdit

East Zangezur Economic Region was established on 7 July 2021 as part of a reform of the economic region system of Azerbaijan. Its territory mostly corresponded to the Kalbajar-Lachin Economic Region prior to 2021, which included the districts of all of its current districts, except Jabrayil.[3]

According to researcher Laurence Broers, the region's new name, East Zangezur, is motivated by Azerbaijani irredentism; it borders Armenia's Syunik province, implying that there is a "Western Zangezur"—that is, Syunik itself.[4] A few days after the Eastern Zangezur Economic region was created, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev announced in a speech: "Western Zangezur is our ancestral land ... we must return there and we will return."[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Territories, number and density of population by economic and administrative regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  2. ^ "New economic regions of Azerbaijan – LIST". Report News Agency. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Azərbaycan Respublikasında iqtisadi rayonların yeni bölgüsü haqqında Azərbaycan Respublikası Prezidentinin Fərmanı". president.az (in Azerbaijani).
  4. ^ a b Broers, Laurence (5 August 2021). "Augmented Azerbaijan? The return of Azerbaijani irredentism". Eurasianet. Retrieved 16 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Coordinates: 39°39′33.6″N 46°28′21.8″E / 39.659333°N 46.472722°E / 39.659333; 46.472722