Ivanovice na Hané

Ivanovice na Hané (German: Eiwanowitz in der Hanna) is a town in Vyškov District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,900 inhabitants.

Ivanovice na Hané
Palackého Square with Church of Saint Andrew
Palackého Square with Church of Saint Andrew
Flag of Ivanovice na Hané
Coat of arms of Ivanovice na Hané
Ivanovice na Hané is located in Czech Republic
Ivanovice na Hané
Ivanovice na Hané
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°18′20″N 17°5′36″E / 49.30556°N 17.09333°E / 49.30556; 17.09333Coordinates: 49°18′20″N 17°5′36″E / 49.30556°N 17.09333°E / 49.30556; 17.09333
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictVyškov
First mentioned1183
Government
 • MayorVlastislav Drobílek
Area
 • Total21.43 km2 (8.27 sq mi)
Elevation
214 m (702 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,893
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
683 23
Websitewww.ivanovicenahane.cz

Administrative partsEdit

The village of Chvalkovice na Hané is an administrative part of Ivanovice na Hané.

GeographyEdit

Ivanovice na Hané is located about 7 kilometres (4 mi) northeast of Vyškov and 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Brno. It lies mostly in the Vyškov Gate. The Haná River flows through the town.

HistoryEdit

Ivanovice was founded in around 950. It first appeared in the written record in 1183 as a possession of the Knights Hospitaller. They gave it various privileges in 1302 and during their rule, Ivanovice prospered. In 1425, the town was confiscated from them. It changed owners frequently in the following centuries.[2]

During the Thirty Years' War, Ivanovice was severely damaged and lost its significance. The economic development started again in the 19th century. In 1909, Ivanovice was promoted to a town by Franz Joseph I of Austria and changed its name to Ivanovice na Hané.[2]

In 1857, about 23 percent of the town's population was Jewish. The Jewish population declined to 64 individuals by 1930, and the remaining Jews were likely deported to Thereseinstadt during the Holocaust. Many eventually perished in death camps to the east.[3]

TransportEdit

The D1 motorway runs next the town.

SightsEdit

 
Jewish cemetery

The landmark of the town is the Church of Saint Andrew. The Renaissance-Baroque church from the 16th and 18th centuries was built on Gothic base. The bell tower with Baroque sculptures was added in 1759.[4]

The Ivanovice na Hané Castle was built in the Renaissance style in 1608–1611 by reconstruction of a water fortress from the 14th century. It has valuable arcade galleries. Nowadays the castle is privately owned and inaccessible.[5]

The Jewish presence is commemorated by the former synagogue and Jewish cemetery. The synagogue is one of the most valuable buildings in the town. Nowadays it is used by the Apostolic Church.[6] The Jewish cemetery is located on the eastern outskirts of the town. The oldest preserved tombstones are from the early 17th century.[7]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Ivanovice na Hané. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  3. ^ Yad Vashem (2001). The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust: A-J. NYU Press. p. 552. ISBN 978-0-8147-9376-3.
  4. ^ "Kostel sv. Ondřeje" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  5. ^ "Zámek, Ivanovice na Hané" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  6. ^ Michalík, Ivo (17 August 2012). "Chátrající synagoga v Ivanovicích potřebuje na úpravu milion korun". Deník.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  7. ^ "Židovský hřbitov" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2021-11-30.

External linksEdit