Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay

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Ipil, officially the Municipality of Ipil (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Ipil; Chavacano: Municipalidad de Ipil), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Zamboanga Sibugay, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 89,401 people. [3] It is the most populous municipality of Zamboanga Sibugay.

Ipil
Municipality of Ipil
View from Hotel Sibugay
View from Hotel Sibugay
Official seal of Ipil
Nickname(s): 
  • Heart of Sibugay
  • Crossroads of Region IX
Motto(s): 
Ipil: Our place, our responsibility, our pride!
Map of Zamboanga Sibugay with Ipil highlighted
Map of Zamboanga Sibugay with Ipil highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Ipil is located in Philippines
Ipil
Ipil
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°46′56″N 122°35′12″E / 7.7822222°N 122.5866667°E / 7.7822222; 122.5866667Coordinates: 7°46′56″N 122°35′12″E / 7.7822222°N 122.5866667°E / 7.7822222; 122.5866667
CountryPhilippines
RegionZamboanga Peninsula
ProvinceZamboanga Sibugay
District 2nd district
FoundedJuly 26, 1949
Barangays28 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAnamel C. Olegario
 • Vice MayorRamses Troy D. Olegario
 • RepresentativeDulce Ann K. Hofer
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate53,098 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total241.60 km2 (93.28 sq mi)
Elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Highest elevation
185 m (607 ft)
Lowest elevation
−2 m (−7 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total89,401
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
 • Households
17,616
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence22.30% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱305,478,000.00 (2020)
 • Assets₱1,073,961,047.00 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱294,031,000.00 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱221,340,000.00 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityZamboanga del Sur 2 Electric Cooperative (ZAMSURECO 2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
7001
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)62
Native languagesSubanon
Cebuano
Chavacano
Tagalog
Websiteipilsibugay.gov.ph

Ipil Airport is located at Barangay Sanito, along the Pan Philippine Highway, and it is the only airport in Zamboanga Sibugay.

HistoryEdit

Ipil used to be known as Sanito, a place under barrio Bacalan under the Municipality of Kabasalan. It was a swampy area and a docking spot for pioneering Ilocanos who settled in the upper areas of Titay. Ipil was a jumping point for their lantsa sailing to Zamboanga City. The first mayor of Ipil was Gregorio Dar, an Ilocano who came from Titay. The Dar Family were the second batch of Ilocanos who settled upon the invitation of Mariano Families who are among the first batch of Ilocanos from Luzon. When Sanito became a Town in 1949,[5] its name was changed to Ipil, as there were many Ipil trees found within the said locale.

Early Ilocano routesEdit

The first Ilocanos used Ipil as the nearest jump point in connecting Titay with Zamboanga City. They would walk via Lumbia then to Longilog then Gabo reaching Mayabang their original settlement. It was this route that they do not have to cross the rivers as it is uphill. It was the Ilocanos who first set foot on these areas.

Ipil massacreEdit

On the morning of April 3, 1995, Ipil was attacked by approximately 200 heavily armed Abu Sayyaf militants who fired upon residents, strafed civilian homes, plundered banks, took up to 30 hostages and then burned the centre of the town to the ground.[6][7]

The militants allegedly arrived in the town by boat and bus, and a number of them had been dressed in military fatigues

The town's Chief of Police was reportedly killed in the attack and close to a billion pesos were looted from eight commercial banks.[8] Army commandos pursued some rebel gunmen in nearby mountains while officials said that the rebels were looting farms and seizing civilians as "human shields" as they fled the town of [9] about 40 rebels, who may have taken hostages, were cornered in a school compound west of Ipil on the 6th of April when an elite army unit attacked. In the fighting that followed, the television station GMA reported, 11 civilians were killed.[9]

GeographyEdit

Ipil is located three hours from the key cities in the region (Dipolog, Pagadian and Zamboanga City). The Ipil seaport is 4 kilometres (2 mi) south of the town center.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 61
(2.4)
55
(2.2)
75
(3.0)
81
(3.2)
145
(5.7)
189
(7.4)
189
(7.4)
197
(7.8)
162
(6.4)
181
(7.1)
115
(4.5)
70
(2.8)
1,520
(59.9)
Average rainy days 16.4 15.7 19.1 21.5 26.9 27.1 26.4 25.0 24.2 26.8 23.5 18.7 271.3
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[10]

BarangaysEdit

 
Barangay hall of Barangay Bangkerohan

Ipil is subdivided into 28 barangays.

  • Bacalan
  • Bangkerohan
  • Buluan
  • Caparan
  • Domandan
  • Don Andres
  • Doña Josefa
  • Guituan
  • Ipil Heights
  • Labe
  • Logan
  • Tirso Babiera (Lower Ipil Heights)
  • Lower Taway
  • Lumbia
  • Maasin
  • Magdaup
  • Makilas
  • Pangi
  • Poblacion
  • Sanito
  • Suclema
  • Taway
  • Tenan
  • Tiayon
  • Timalang
  • Tomitom
  • Upper Pangi
  • Veteran's Village

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Ipil
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 21,141—    
1970 32,478+4.38%
1975 35,798+1.97%
1980 43,540+3.99%
1990 43,031−0.12%
1995 43,991+0.41%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 52,481+3.86%
2007 60,686+2.02%
2010 64,939+2.50%
2015 74,656+2.69%
2020 89,401+3.61%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12][13][14]

EconomyEdit


GovernmentEdit

List of former chief executivesEdit

  • Merjuar
  • Generoso Sucgang
  • Col Escalona
  • Andres P. Olegario (1972 – 1986)[citation needed]
  • Henry de Villa (1986 – 1988)
  • José Fontanoza (1988 – 1992)
  • Francisco Q. Pontanar (1992 – 1998)
  • Rey Andre C. Olegario (1998 – 2007)[22]
  • Eldwin M. Alibutdan (2007 – 2016)[23]
  • Anamel C. Olegario (2016 – present)

HealthcareEdit

  • Zamboanga Sibugay Provincial Hospital
  • Dr. Henry De Villa Memorial Hospital
  • Dr. M. Simon Hospital
  • Ipil Doctors Hospital

MediaEdit

Several radio stations operate in the area: dxLR- 98.1 FM, Flazh-FM 99.7, Hitz 98.9, Magic 103 FM, 94.3 dxIR FM, dxDS FM, Igsoon FM and Radyo Lipay AM; and several newspapers are published here, including the Zamboanga Sibugay Tribune and The Sibugay Express.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Ipil | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Executive Order No. 249, s. 1949 | GOVPH".
  6. ^ "Troops seek killers of 53 in Philippines". Ocala Star-Banner. 12 April 1995. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Gunmen raid Philippine town, 100 dead". Times-Union. Associated Press. 4 April 1995. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  8. ^ "VICTORIA CALAGUIAN: Photojournalist". L.A. Zamboanga Times. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  9. ^ a b "World News Briefs; Filipino Troops Corner Rebels After Attack". The New York Times. 7 April 1995. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Ipil: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Zamboanga Sibugay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  22. ^ "The Libi Board of Directors: As of December 31, 2017" (PDF). LBP Insurance Brokerage, Inc. Inter-Island Information Systems, Inc. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  23. ^ "LIST: Local bets who filed COCs on Day 5, October 17". Rappler. Rappler Inc. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2019.

External linksEdit