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Interstate 595 (I-595), also known as the Port Everglades Expressway and as the unsigned State Road 862 (SR 862), is a 12.860-mile (20.696 km) Interstate highway that connects Interstate 75 and Alligator Alley in the west with Florida's Turnpike, Interstate 95, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, US 1, and SR A1A before terminating at Port Everglades in the east. The interstate route was conceived in 1969, and planned as an interstate starting in 1974. Construction began in 1984, with the highway opening in stages in the late 1980s, with completion in 1991. The reversible tolled express lanes opened in 2014.

Interstate 595 marker

Interstate 595
Port Everglades Expressway
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-95
Maintained by FDOT
Length12.860 mi[1] [2] (20.696 km)
ExistedJune 11, 1990[citation needed]–present
Major junctions
West end I-75 / SR 869 in Sunrise
 
East end US 1 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport/Port Everglades
Location
CountiesBroward
Highway system
SR 594SR 595
SR 860SR 862SR 865
An aerial shot of the junction where Interstate 595 and Interstate 75 cross. Going west is Alligator Alley (I-75). Going North is Sawgrass Expressway. Going South is I-75.

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

 
Exit 12B on Interstate 595
 
I-595 eastbound at the SR 84/US 441 interchange
 
I-595 seen from the air to the right of FLL airport

The Interstate Highway begins in Sunrise as the eastern part of an interchange with Interstate 75 on the southern and western ends (I-75 "north" leads into Alligator Alley on the west side) and the Sawgrass Expressway on the northern end. For most of its length, State Road 84 (the former number for Alligator Alley) runs parallel to the highway, acting as an access road on either side of the Interstate. From the western terminus, the highway heads east to Davie, acting as a commuter route between the western fringes of the populated part of Broward County and Fort Lauderdale. At University Drive, I-595 goes below a partial stack interchange. Three miles east of that interchange, it meets with Florida's Turnpike and U.S. Highway 441. In Fort Lauderdale, I-595 intersects with I-95 at the northwestern end of the airport. At the eastern end of the airport, it has its final interchange with U.S. Highway 1 (which runs concurrently with State Road A1A at the interchange), providing access to the airport and Port Everglades. The eastern terminus consists of two lanes for US 1 southbound, two for US 1 northbound and two lanes for Port Everglades via Eller Drive. The exit for southbound US 1 has a ramp to the airport. State Road A1A is not listed on the exit signs.

HistoryEdit

 
I-595 westbound at US 441 interchange

Interstate 595 grew out of a highway plan for connecting Port Everglades with Alligator Alley, first conceived in 1969 as the Port Expressway. In 1974, once I-75 was rerouted to Broward County on Alligator Alley as a part of its eastern connection from Naples, it was proposed to be built as an interstate, likely as the southmost end of I-75. However, when the southern terminus of I-75 was moved from Broward to Dade County at the Palmetto Expressway/Gratigny Parkway in the late 1970s, it delayed the construction of the trans-Broward expressway.

In the early 1980s, I-595 was planned to be partially a toll highway to cover its cost of construction. By the time construction started on July 26, 1984, the tolls for the highway vanished, and it was built with only minor changes in its route. The first section, between I-75 and Hiatus Road opened in May 1988, with the section between Florida's Turnpike and US 1 opening on February 24, 1989, and the last section, connecting the disjointed sections opening on October 21, 1989. The highway was designated as I-595 on June 11, 1990, and the Rainbow Interchange with I-95 was completed on March 22, 1991, the last unfinished interchange of the original plan.[3]

The portion of the highway between I-95 and US 1 follows the right of way of the Port Everglades Railroad tracks that had previously run from the CSX railroad to Port Everglades.

In 2002, I-595, along with most of Florida's interstates, switched over from a sequential exit numbering system to a mileage based exit numbering system.[4] Numbers were changed again[5] at about the time the express lanes were opened in spring of 2014.

Express lanesEdit

 
Yellow sign signaling the end of the highway

The $1.8 billion tolled SunPass express lanes project in the middle of the expressway to relieve the traffic congestion opened for test use on March 26, 2014 and started tolling on April 9, 2014.[6] The Express Lanes will significantly improve the capacity and operations of the I-595 corridor by providing three additional at-grade lanes in the median of the corridor. The lanes will reverse direction in peak travel times (eastbound in the a.m./westbound in the p.m.). To maximize the operational efficiency, the lanes will have tolls at varying rates throughout the day to optimize traffic flow, and access to and from the lanes will only be allowed west of 136th Avenue, east of U.S. 441/State Road 7, and through a direct connection to the median of Florida's Turnpike, removing long distance commuter traffic from the general purpose lanes. FDOT will retain control of the toll revenue and toll rates.

Exit listEdit

MainlineEdit

Exits 1-7 feed into the SR 84 frontage roads. The entire route is in Broward County.

Locationmi[1]kmOld exit
[4][5]
New exitDestinationsNotes
SunriseWeston
Davie tripoint
0.0000.000  I-75 (SR 93) – Miami, NaplesWestern terminus; I-75 exit 19
  SR 869 north (Sawgrass Expressway) – Coral SpringsSouthern terminus of SR 869
  I-595 Express eastWestern terminus of express lanes
DaviePlantation line0.5690.9161A1Southwest 136th AvenueEastbound exit/westbound entrance shares ramps with exit 2
0.5250.845     I-595 Express east to Florida's Turnpike / I-95 – AirportExit and entrance to serve SR 869
1.1451.8431B2  SR 823 (Flamingo Road)Westbound exit shares a ramp with exit 3
2.0523.30223Hiatus Road
3.4545.55934Nob Hill RoadEastbound exit shares a ramp with exit 3
4.2496.83845  Pine Island RoadAccess to West Side Regional Medical Center
5.5048.85856  SR 817 (University Drive)Eastbound exit shares a ramp with exit 5
6.0929.8047Davie Road
6.97011.217  SR 84 westWestern end of SR 84 concurrency; signed with exit 8
7.33611.8068A8  Florida's Turnpike (SR 91) – Orlando, MiamiFlorida's Turnpike exits 54-54X
8.08013.003    I-595 Express west to I-75 / SR 869Eastern terminus of express lanes
DavieFort Lauderdale
Broadview Park tripoint
8.40913.5338B9A-B  US 441 (SR 7)Shared ramp with exit 8 in both directions; signed as exits 9A (north) and 9B (south)
8.32913.40499C  SR 84 east (Marina Mile Boulevard)Eastern end of SR 84 concurrency
Fort LauderdaleHollywood
Dania Beach tripoint
10.37316.69410  I-95 (SR 9) – Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, MiamiRainbow Interchange; I-95 exits 24-26; signed as exits 10A (north) and 10B (south)
12.54420.18812A-B12A   US 1 south – Dania Beach, International AirportEastbound exit and westbound entrance; formerly exits 12A (US 1) and 12B (Airport)[7]
12C12B  US 1 north – Fort LauderdaleEastbound exit and westbound entrance; US 1 is also unsigned SR A1A / SR 5
  Northeast 7th Avenue – International AirportEastbound exit only
12.86020.696McIntosh Road / Eller Drive – Port EvergladesAt-grade intersection
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Express lanesEdit

The entire route is in Broward County.

Locationmi[8]kmExitDestinationsNotes
SunriseWeston
Davie tripoint
0.0000.000  I-75 (SR 93) – Miami, NaplesI-75 exit 19
DaviePlantation line1.4132.274   I-595 west (SR 862) to SR 869 (Sawgrass Expressway) – Coral SpringsWestbound exit and eastbound entrance (peak-direction only)
1.8693.008Sunpass toll gantry ($0.50-$2.00 dynamic pricing)
7.76212.4928  Florida's Turnpike (SR 91) – Miami, OrlandoEastbound exit and westbound entrance; Florida's Turnpike exit 54X
8.79614.156    I-595 east (SR 862) to I-95 – AirportRoadway merges with I-595 mainline
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Frontage roadsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Florida Department of Transportation (March 15, 2015). "Straight Line Diagram of Road Inventory" (PDF). Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  2. ^ Florida Department of Transportation. "FDOT Interchange Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 8, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
  3. ^ "History of Interstate 595". Archived from the original on 12 October 2004. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Florida's New Interstate Exit Numbers for I-595". Florida Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on December 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
  5. ^ a b Interstate Exit Numbers for I-595 Archived 2010-12-06 at the Wayback Machine, accessed March 2014
  6. ^ Turnbull, Michael (23 March 2014). "I-5955 express lanes ready for test traffic". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  7. ^ [1][self-published source?]
  8. ^ Florida Department of Transportation (May 5, 2014). "Straight Line Diagram of Road Inventory" (PDF). Retrieved December 24, 2015.

External linksEdit