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Infanta, officially the Municipality of Infanta, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Infanta), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 69,079 people.[3]

Infanta

Binangonan de Lampon (formerly)
Municipality of Infanta
Infanta Municipal Hall
Infanta Municipal Hall
Official seal of Infanta
Seal
Map of Quezon with Infanta highlighted
Map of Quezon with Infanta highlighted
Infanta is located in Philippines
Infanta
Infanta
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°44′33″N 121°38′58″E / 14.7425°N 121.6494°E / 14.7425; 121.6494Coordinates: 14°44′33″N 121°38′58″E / 14.7425°N 121.6494°E / 14.7425; 121.6494
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
ProvinceQuezon
District1st District
FoundedApril 25, 1696
Barangays36 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorFilipina Grace R. America
 • Vice MayorLord Arnel L. Ruanto
 • CongressmanWilfrido Mark M. Enverga
 • Electorate31,427 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total342.76 km2 (132.34 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total69,079
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4336
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)177 million  (2016)
Native languagesUmiray Dumaget language
Tagalog
Websitewww.infanta.gov.ph

It has a land area of 130.1 km², representing 1.5% of the area of Quezon. It is located 144 kilometres (89 mi) north-east of Manila, and 136 kilometres (85 mi) north of Lucena City. It is accessible to Metro Manila through the Marikina–Infanta Highway.

Infanta is the largest lambanog manufacturer in the province of Quezon. The town is also known for its bayugo (giant mountain snail) dishes.[4] The town is currently undergoing preparations for establishing a bayugo breeding center that would supply bayugo to townsfolk. The move is intended to stop the decline of bayugo in the wild. Also it is the center of economic activity in the northern part of Quezon. The Infanta town fiesta is celebrated every April 25. Infanta is also known as the "Gateway to the Pacific".

Contents

HistoryEdit

According to the legend, the people who established the first settlement in the land that became Infanta were led by an elderly leader named Nunong Karugtong. These settlers crossed the Sierra Madre Mountains from somewhere in what is now Rizal Province in search of better living conditions. After examining multiple sites, they eventually settled on a site near the Bantilan River, where the discovery of a huge Yam root convinced them that the site was ideal for settlement. This eventually became the site of the settlement which European colonizers would call "Binangonan de Lampon," which in turn would eventually become the Municipality of Infanta.

In 1578, more than half a century after Ferdinand Magellan and his men landed in Cebu and thirteen years after Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement also in Cebu, a Spanish priest named Esteban Ortiz arrived in Binangonan de Lampon and planted a wooden cross symbolizing the introduction of Spanish colonial rule at the place. In 1696, Don Diego Mangilaya, a native chieftain developed the settlement into a community and built a wooden chapel at the spot where Nunong Karugtong[5] fell asleep. Since its establishment, the area has been attacked by Moro pirates, and visited by typhoons and cholera epidemics as recent as 2004. In 1803, Captain Pedro de León affiliated Binangonan de Lampon to the province of Nueva Ecija and in 1850, Kapitan Rafael Orozco withdrew Infanta from the province of Nueva Ecija and joined it with the province of Laguna to the west. In 1835, Binangonan de Lampon was renamed "Infanta" by Captain Juan Salvador in honor of the saint "Jesus Infante" (Child Jesus). All the inhabitants of Infanta were given Spanish surnames pursuant to a Royal Decree of 11 November 1848.

On July 20, 1898 a group of Infanta Katipuneros headed by Colonel Pablo Astilla attacked the Spanish forces holed up at the limestone convent and after several days of siege and fighting, the Spanish soldiers surrendered. By virtue of the 10 December 1898 Paris Treaty of Peace, American soldiers occupied the town of Infanta and appointed Kapitan Carlos Ruidera Azcarraga as the first "town presidente." He was followed by Rufino Ortiz in 1903 who withdrew Infanta from the province of Laguna and joined it with the province of Tayabas. He also ordered the planting of coconut trees in the barrios (now barangays) of Infanta. During the administration of town "presidente" Gregorio Rutaquio (1911–1916), he constructed the "Gabaldon type" of school house. From 1923-1928, Don Florencio Potes became town "presidente". He constructed the concrete municipal building and the first telegraph office of the town. From 1935 to 1939, Mr. Fabian Solleza served as town "presidente". During his incumbency, the Infanta--Famy road traversing the Sierra Madre from Infanta to Laguna and Rizal provinces was constructed. Also, piped water from a spring reservoir in barrio (barangay) Gumian was installed. In December, 1941 the Japanese Imperial forces was occupied in the town of Infanta. On May 25, 1945, the liberation by combined Filipino and American soldiers entered in the town was supported by the guerrilla fighters fought the Japanese Imperial forces until the end of World War II. In 1950, the municipality was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Infanta.

BarangaysEdit

Infanta is politically subdivided into 36 barangays: 7 urban and 29 rural.

Urban:

  • Poblacion 1
  • Poblacion 38
  • Poblacion 39
  • Poblacion Bantilan
  • Comon
  • Ingas
  • Dinahican

Rural:

  • Alitas
  • Langgas
  • Anibong
  • Balobo
  • Bacong
  • Magsaysay
  • Amolongin
  • Pulo
  • Binonoan
  • Gumian
  • Tongohin
  • Pinaglapatan
  • Ilog
  • Catambungan
  • Pilaway
  • Agos Agos
  • Banugao
  • Miswa
  • Lual
  • Batican
  • Boboin
  • Libjo
  • Abiawin
  • Binulasan
  • Maypulot
  • Silangan
  • Cawaynin
  • Antikin
  • Tudturan

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Infanta (1981–2010, extremes 1949–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.1
(93.4)
34.1
(93.4)
34.5
(94.1)
37.2
(99.0)
37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
38.1
(100.6)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
36.5
(97.7)
34.5
(94.1)
32.8
(91.0)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
28.5
(83.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.8
(89.2)
33.1
(91.6)
33.4
(92.1)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
32.4
(90.3)
30.8
(87.4)
29.6
(85.3)
27.9
(82.2)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
25.3
(77.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27.9
(82.2)
28.9
(84.0)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.9
(84.0)
28.4
(83.1)
27.4
(81.3)
26.7
(80.1)
25.4
(77.7)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.9
(73.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
Record low °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.4
(63.3)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
20.5
(68.9)
21.5
(70.7)
20.6
(69.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.0
(69.8)
20.0
(68.0)
17.4
(63.3)
18.0
(64.4)
16.4
(61.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 365.1
(14.37)
253.0
(9.96)
192.3
(7.57)
208.9
(8.22)
197.8
(7.79)
237.2
(9.34)
283.9
(11.18)
189.8
(7.47)
270.7
(10.66)
635.7
(25.03)
594.9
(23.42)
675.8
(26.61)
4,105.1
(161.62)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 26 18 16 14 16 17 19 16 19 24 25 26 236
Average relative humidity (%) 87 87 85 82 81 80 81 80 82 86 87 87 84
Source: PAGASA[6][7]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 10,283—    
1918 15,860+2.93%
1939 20,331+1.19%
1948 19,006−0.75%
1960 21,868+1.18%
1970 21,653−0.10%
1975 25,271+3.15%
1980 27,814+1.94%
1990 35,564+2.49%
1995 39,772+2.12%
2000 50,992+5.47%
2007 60,346+2.35%
2010 64,818+2.64%
2015 69,079+1.22%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]
 
Town hall of Infanta

EducationEdit

Infanta is the center of educative learning, with four colleges that attract many students to study from nearby towns of Real, Gen. Nakar, Polillo, Panukulan, Burdeos, Patnanungan and Jomalig. Here are the colleges in Infanta:

  • Northern Quezon College
  • Southern Luzon State University-Infanta Campus
  • Rizal Marine Technological College
  • ACTS Computer College

Secondary schools:

  • Infanta National High School (largest Public High School in Infanta)
  • Mount Carmel School of Infanta (largest and only Catholic School in Infanta)
  • Binulasan Integrated High School
  • Tongohin National High School
  • Langgas National High School
  • Little Friends of Jesus Corner Stone Academy Of Infanta

Town's HymnEdit

The Hymn of the Town of Infanta is entitled "Mabuhay Ka Infanta" written by the alumni of Mount Carmel School of Infanta.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Quezon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bmXBqJQRWV8
  5. ^ "Mythical Origin | www.infanta.gov.ph". www.infanta.gov.ph. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 2017-04-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=No (help)
  6. ^ "Infanta, Quezon Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Infanta, Quezon Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Quezon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit