1 Indian anna
Obverse: Crowned bust of George VI, with lettering George VI King Emperor. Reverse: Year of minting and face value in numeral, English, Urdu, Bengali, Telugu and Devanagari scripts.
125,548,000 coins minted (1918 to 1940) in copper-nickel
One Quarter anna.
Obverse: King George V crowned head surrounded by lettering "GEORGE V KING EMPEROR" at the periphery. Reverse: Denomination and year surrounded by wreath. Lettering "ONE QUARTER ANNA INDIA 1933".
1,681,276,200 coins minted from 1912 to 1936.

An anna (or ānna) was a currency unit formerly used in British India, equal to 116 of a rupee.[1] It was subdivided into four (old) Paisa or twelve pies (thus there were 192 pies in a rupee). When the rupee was decimalised and subdivided into 100 (new) paise, one anna was therefore equivalent to 6.25 paise. The anna was demonetised as a currency unit when India decimalised its currency in 1957, followed by Pakistan in 1961. It was replaced by the 5-paise coin, which was itself discontinued in 1994 and demonetised in 2011. The term anna is frequently used to express a fraction of 116.

There was a coin of one anna, and also half-anna coins of copper and two-anna pieces of silver.[2] With the rupee having been valued to 1s 6d[3] and weighing 180 grains as a 916.66 fine silver coin,[4] the anna was equivalent to 9/8 d. Hence the 2 anna silver coins were of low weight (22.5 grains = 1.46 g).

Anna-denominated postage stamps were issued during the British Raj by the government of British India as well as by several princely states, and after independence until decimalisation of the currency by India and Pakistan.

NotationEdit

The first number is the number of rupees, the second is the number of annas (1/16), the third is the number of paise (1/64), and the fourth is the number of pies (1/192). Examples are below.

  • Rs 1/15/3/2 = Rs 1.9947
  • Rs 1/8/3 = Rs 1.546
  • Rs 1/4 = Rs 1.25

CoinsEdit

StampsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Republic India Coinage".Accessed 14 July 2011.
  2. ^ "British India Coinage - Coins of Queen Victoria". Reserve Bank of India.
  3. ^ Schedule of Par Values, Currencies of Metropolitan Areas, The Statesman's Year Book 1947, pg xxiii, Macmillan & Co
  4. ^ "British India Coinage". Reserve Bank of India.