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Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

  (Redirected from Imperial General Staff)

Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964. The CGS is a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Army Board. Prior to 1964 the title was Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS). Since 1959, the post has been immediately subordinate to the Chief of the Defence Staff, the post held by the professional head of the British Armed Forces.

Chief of General Staff
Chief of the General Staff.svg
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Mark Carleton-Smith.jpg
Incumbent
General Sir Mark Carleton-Smith

since 12 June 2018
Ministry of Defence
AbbreviationCGS
Member ofDefence Council
Army Board
Reports toChief of the Defence Staff
NominatorSecretary of State for Defence
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNo fixed length
PrecursorCommander-in-Chief of the Forces
Formation1904, 1964
First holderSir Neville Lyttelton
DeputyDeputy Chief of the General Staff

The current Chief of the General Staff is General Sir Mark Carleton-Smith – having succeeded his predecessor, General Sir Nick Carter in June 2018.

BackgroundEdit

The title was also used for five years between the demise of the Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in 1904 and the introduction of Chief of the Imperial General Staff in 1909. The post was then held by General Sir Neville Lyttelton and, briefly, by Field Marshal Sir William Nicholson.

Throughout the existence of the post the Chief of the General Staff has been the First Military Member of the Army Board.[1]

RolesEdit

The Chief was responsible for commanding the entire British Army. During the Second World War, General Brooke focused on grand strategy, and his relationships, through the Combined Chiefs of Staff with his American counterparts. He was also responsible for the appointment and evaluation of senior commanders, allocation of manpower and equipment, and the organization of tactical air forces in support of land operations of field commanders; he also had primary responsibility for supervising the military operations of the Free French, Polish, Dutch, Belgian, and Czech units reporting to their governments in exile in London. Brooke vigorously allocated responsibilities to his deputies, and despite the traditional historical distrust that had existed between the military and the political side of the War Office, he got along quite well with his counterpart, the Secretary of State for War, first David Margesson and later, Sir James Grigg. [2]

List of chiefsEdit

Chiefs of the General Staff (1904–1909)Edit

No. Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1Lyttelton, NevilleGeneral
Sir Neville Lyttelton
(1845–1931)
12 February 19042 April 19084 years, 50 days[3]
2Nicholson, WilliamField Marshal
Sir William Nicholson
(1845–1918)
2 April 190822 November 19091 year, 234 days[4]

Chiefs of the Imperial General Staff (1909–1964)Edit

No. Chief of the Imperial General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Ref
2Nicholson, WilliamField Marshal
Sir William Nicholson
(1845–1918)
22 November 190915 March 19122 years, 114 days[5]
3French, JohnField Marshal
Sir John French
(1852–1925)
15 March 19126 April 19142 years, 22 days[6]
4French, JohnGeneral
Sir Charles Douglas
(1850–1914)
6 April 191425 October 1914 †202 days[7]
5Murray, JamesLieutenant-General
Sir James Wolfe Murray
(1853–1919)
25 October 191426 September 19151 year, 154 days[8]
6Murray, ArchibaldGeneral
Sir Archibald Murray
(1860–1945)
26 September 191523 December 191588 days[9]
7Robertson, WilliamGeneral
Sir William Robertson
(1860–1933)
23 December 191519 February 19182 years, 58 days[10]
8Wilson, HenryField Marshal
Sir Henry Wilson
(1864–1922)
19 February 191819 February 19224 years, 0 days[11]
9Lambart, RudolphField Marshal
Rudolph Lambart, 10th Earl of Cavan
(1865–1946)
19 February 192219 February 19264 years, 0 days[12]
10Milne, GeorgeField Marshal
Sir George Milne
(1866–1948)
19 February 192619 February 19337 years, 0 days[13]
11Montgomery, ArchibaldField Marshal
Sir Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd
(1871–1947)
19 February 193315 May 19363 years, 86 days[14]
12Deverell, CyrilField Marshal
Sir Cyril Deverell
(1874–1947)
15 May 19366 December 19371 year, 205 days[15]
13Vereker, JohnGeneral
John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort
(1886–1946)
6 December 19373 September 19391 year, 271 days[16]
14Ironside, EdmundGeneral
Sir Edmund Ironside
(1880–1959)
4 September 193926 May 1940266 days[17]
15Dill, JohnField Marshal
Sir John Dill
(1881–1944)
26 May 194025 December 19411 year, 213 days[18]
16Brooke, AlanField Marshal
Sir Alan Brooke
(1883–1963)
25 December 194125 June 19464 years, 182 days[19]
17Montgomery, BernardField Marshal
Sir Bernard Montgomery
(1887–1976)
26 June 19461 November 19482 years, 129 days[19][20]
18Slim, WilliamField Marshal
Sir William Slim
(1891–1970)
1 November 19481 November 19524 years, 0 days[21]
19Harding, JohnField Marshal
Sir John Harding
(1896–1989)
1 November 195229 September 19552 years, 332 days[22]
20Templer, GeraldField Marshal
Sir Gerald Templer
(1898–1979)
29 September 195529 September 19583 years, 0 days[23]
21Festing, FrancisField Marshal
Sir Francis Festing
(1902–1976)
29 September 19581 November 19613 years, 33 days[24]
22Hull, RichardField Marshal
Sir Richard Hull
(1902–1989)
1 November 1961April 19642 years, 5 months[25][26][27]

Chiefs of the General Staff (1964–present)Edit

No. Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Ref
22Hull, RichardField Marshal
Sir Richard Hull
(1902–1989)
[a]
April 19648 February 196510 months-
23Cassels, JamesField Marshal
Sir James Cassels
(1907–1996)
8 February 19651 March 19683 years, 22 days[26]
24Baker, GeoffreyField Marshal
Sir Geoffrey Baker
(1912–1980)
[b]
1 March 19681 April 19713 years, 31 days[28][29][30]
25Carver, MichaelField Marshal
Sir Michael Carver
(1915–2001)
[a]
1 April 197119 July 19732 years, 109 days[31][29]
26Hunt, PeterGeneral
Sir Peter Hunt
(1916–1988)
[b]
19 July 197315 July 19762 years, 362 days[32][33]
27Gibbs, RolandField Marshal
Sir Roland Gibbs
(1921–2004)
[b]
15 July 197614 July 19792 years, 364 days[34][35]
28Bramall, EdwinField Marshal
Sir Edwin Bramall
(born 1923)
[a]
14 July 19791 August 19823 years, 18 days[36][37][38]
29Stanier, JohnField Marshal
Sir John Wilfred Stanier
(1925–2007)
[b]
1 August 198228 July 19852 years, 361 days[33][39][40]
30Bagnall, NigelField Marshal
Sir Nigel Bagnall
(1927–2002)
28 July 198510 September 19883 years, 44 days[41]
31Chapple, JohnField Marshal
Sir John Chapple
(born 1931)
10 September 198814 February 19923 years, 157 days[42]
32Inge, PeterField Marshal
Sir Peter Inge
(born 1935)
[a][b]
14 February 199215 March 19942 years, 29 days[33][43][44]
33Guthrie, CharlesGeneral
Sir Charles Guthrie
(born 1938)
[a]
15 March 19943 February 19972 years, 325 days[44][45]
34Wheeler, RogerGeneral
Sir Roger Wheeler
(born 1941)
[b]
3 February 199717 April 20003 years, 74 days[46][47]
35Walker, MichaelGeneral
Sir Michael Walker
(born 1944)
[a]
17 April 20001 February 20032 years, 290 days[48][49][50]
36Jackson, MikeGeneral
Sir Mike Jackson
(born 1944)
1 February 200329 August 20063 years, 209 days[51]
37Dannatt, RichardGeneral
Sir Richard Dannatt
(born 1950)
29 August 200628 August 20092 years, 364 days[52][53]
38Richards, DavidGeneral
Sir David Richards
(born 1950)
[a]
28 August 200915 September 20101 year, 18 days[54][55]
39Wall, PeterGeneral
Sir Peter Wall
(born 1955)
15 September 20105 September 20143 years, 355 days[56]
40Carter, NickGeneral
Sir Nick Carter
(born 1959)
[a]
5 September 201411 June 20183 years, 279 days[57]
41Carleton, MarkGeneral
Sir Mark Carleton-Smith
(born 1964)
11 June 2018Incumbent1 year, 126 days[58]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Later served as Chief of the Defence Staff.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Later made Constable of the Tower of London.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arnold-Foster (1906), p. 481
  2. ^ Andrew Roberts, Masters and Commanders: How Four Titans Won the War in the West, 1941-1945 (2010) pp 61-62.
  3. ^ "No. 27645". The London Gazette. 12 February 1904. p. 939.
  4. ^ "No. 28125". The London Gazette. 3 April 1908. p. 2567.
  5. ^ "No. 28311". The London Gazette. 23 November 1909. p. 8662.
  6. ^ "John French, 1st Earl of Ypres". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  7. ^ "No. 28819". The London Gazette. 7 April 1914. p. 3002.
  8. ^ "Sir James Wolfe-Murray". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  9. ^ "No. 29353". The London Gazette. 5 November 1915. p. 10912.
  10. ^ "No. 29426". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1915. p. 120.
  11. ^ "No. 30559". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 March 1918. p. 2867.
  12. ^ "No. 32615". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 February 1922. p. 1489.
  13. ^ "No. 33134". The London Gazette. 19 February 1926. p. 1242.
  14. ^ Harris, J.P. (2004). "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  15. ^ Heathcote (1999), p. 102
  16. ^ "No. 34464". The London Gazette. 17 December 1937. p. 7917.
  17. ^ "Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  18. ^ "No. 34858". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 May 1940. p. 3175.
  19. ^ a b Fraser (1997), pp. 174, 485
  20. ^ Hamilton (1986), pp. 621, 725
  21. ^ "William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  22. ^ "No. 39689". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 November 1952. p. 5863.
  23. ^ "No. 40598". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 September 1955. p. 5555.
  24. ^ "No. 41508". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 September 1958. p. 5954.
  25. ^ "No. 42503". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 October 1961. p. 7925.
  26. ^ a b "No. 43569". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 February 1965. p. 1361.
  27. ^ "No. 43712". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 July 1965. p. 6717.
  28. ^ "No. 44539". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 March 1968. p. 2655.
  29. ^ a b "No. 45337". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 April 1971. p. 3336.
  30. ^ "Constable of the Tower of London". Parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 24 April 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  31. ^ "No. 46109". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 October 1973. p. 12551.
  32. ^ "No. 46046". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 August 1973. p. 9395.
  33. ^ a b c "General Sir Richard Dannatt announced as new Constable of the Tower". Historic Royal Palaces. 5 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  34. ^ "Field Marshal Sir Roland Gibbs". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 2 November 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  35. ^ "No. 46965". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 July 1976. p. 9899.
  36. ^ "Lord Bramall". parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  37. ^ "No. 49142". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 October 1982. p. 13571.
  38. ^ "No. 47916". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 July 1979. p. 9695.
  39. ^ "Field Marshal Sir John Stanie". The Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. 13 November 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  40. ^ "No. 49069". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 August 1982. p. 10134.
  41. ^ "No. 50226". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 August 1985. p. 11147.
  42. ^ "No. 51467". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 September 1988. p. 10255.
  43. ^ "No. 52838". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 February 1992. p. 2789.
  44. ^ a b "No. 53645". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 April 1994. p. 5799.
  45. ^ "No. 54726". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 April 1997. p. 4170.
  46. ^ "No. 54668". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 February 1997. p. 1419.
  47. ^ "No. 56294". The London Gazette. 6 August 2001. p. 1001.
  48. ^ "No. 55823". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 April 2000. p. 4372.
  49. ^ "No. 56992". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 July 2003. p. 8463.
  50. ^ "2014 Birthday Honours for service personnel and defence civilians". Ministry of Defence. 13 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  51. ^ "No. 56837". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 February 2003. p. 1389.
  52. ^ "No. 58081". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 August 2006. p. 11754.
  53. ^ "No. 59144". The London Gazette. 31 July 2009. p. 13209.
  54. ^ "No. 59177". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 September 2009. p. 15384.
  55. ^ "No. 59593". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 November 2010. p. 21039.
  56. ^ "No. 59550". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 September 2010. p. 18235.
  57. ^ "No. 60984". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 September 2014. p. 2.
  58. ^ "Lieutenant General Mark Carleton-Smith appointed new Chief of the General Staff". gov.uk. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.

BibliographyEdit