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The Chiefs of Staff Committee (CSC) is composed of the most senior military personnel in the British Armed Forces who advise on operational military matters and the preparation and conduct of military operations. The committee consists of the Chief of the Defence Staff who is the chairman and professional head of the forces, the Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff, who is the vice-chairman and deputy professional head of the armed forces. The Committee also consists of the professional heads of each branch of the armed forces: the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff, the Chief of the General Staff and the Chief of the Air Staff.

HistoryEdit

The Chiefs of Staff Committee was initially established as a sub-committee of the Committee of Imperial Defence in 1923. It remained as such until the abolition of the CID upon the outbreak of World War II in 1939. The initial composition of the committee was the professional heads of the three services, the First Sea Lord, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff and the Chief of the Air Staff. Each service head took turns being chairman of the committee.

 
Winston Churchill with his Chiefs of Staff.

During the Second World War the committee was a sub-committee of the War Cabinet, and in addition to the three service chiefs, it had an additional member, in the person of General Sir Hastings Ismay, who acted as its secretary. Subcommittees of the Committee were also formed, including the Joint Planning Staff and Joint Intelligence Committee. The Chiefs of Staff committee was responsible for the overall conduct of the British Armed Forces part of the war effort. When matters required joint Anglo-American decision, the Chiefs of Staff Committee members formed part of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, meeting in concert with their American counterparts, the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Combined Chiefs of Staff were based in Washington, so for most of the time the Chiefs of Staff were represented at meetings by the British Joint Staff Mission.

Following World War II, the Chiefs of Staff Committee was transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

In 1955 the Government decided to create the post of Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.[1] The post came into existence on 1 January 1956 and the only incumbent was Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir William Dickson who served until 1 January 1959 when he became the first Chief of the Defence Staff.[2] The CDS remained as chairman of the committee and was also recognized as the professional head of the British Armed Forces. In 1964, the post of Chief of the Imperial General Staff was discontinued and the Army was thereafter represented by the Chief of the General Staff. Since then, the only major changes have been the appointment of the Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff to act as a deputy to the CDS and the inclusion of the Commander, Joint Forces Command on the committee.

Senior Enlisted AdvisorEdit

A Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chiefs of Staff Committee was appointed on 1 November 2018 to provide advice to the Committee on the views of Other Ranks.[3]

MembershipEdit

The current membership of the Chiefs of Staff Committee:[4]

Office Incumbent Incumbent since Service
Chief of the Defence Staff (Chair) General Sir Nick Carter June 2018   British Army
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff Admiral Timothy Fraser May 2019   Royal Navy
First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Tony Radakin June 2019   Royal Navy
Chief of the General Staff General Sir Mark Carleton-Smith June 2018   British Army
Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Mike Wigston July 2019   Royal Air Force
Commander Joint Forces Command General Patrick Sanders May 2019   British Army

RoleEdit

The role of the Committee is to provide advice on operational military matters and the preparation and conduct of military operations.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Defence (Administrative responsibilities)
  2. ^ Marshal of the RAF Sir William Dickson
  3. ^ "WO1 Glenn Haughton OBE has been appointed as the first Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chiefs of Staff Committee (SEAC)". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 1 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  4. ^ US/UK combined Chiefs of Staff Committee meet as a group for the first time since 1948 (photo includes, from left, Joint Forces Commander, First Sea Lord, Chief of the General Staff, Chief of the Air Staff, Chief of the Defence Staff and, fourth from the right, Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff)
  5. ^ The Management of Defence

External linksEdit