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John Chapple (British Army officer)

Field Marshal Sir John Lyon Chapple, GCB, CBE (born 27 May 1931) is a retired British Army officer who served as Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, from 1988 to 1992. Early in his early military career he saw action during the Malayan Emergency and again during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation and later in his career he provided advice to the British Government during the Gulf War.

Sir John Chapple
Born (1931-05-27) 27 May 1931 (age 88)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1954–92
RankField Marshal
Commands heldChief of the General Staff
Land Forces
Commander British Forces in Hong Kong
Gurkha Field Force
1st Battalion, 2nd Gurkha Rifles
Battles/warsMalayan Emergency
Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Other workGovernor of Gibraltar (1993–95)
Viceregal styles of
Sir John Chapple
(1993–1995)
Flag of the Governor of Gibraltar.svg
Reference styleHis Excellency
Spoken styleYour Excellency

Army careerEdit

 
Haileybury College where Chapple was educated

Born the son of C. H. Chapple and educated at Haileybury College,[1] Chapple undertook National Service and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery on 3 June 1950.[2] He went to Trinity College, Cambridge in October 1951[3] and, while still at University, was transferred to the King's Regiment as a second lieutenant on 4 December 1952,[4] and to the South Lancashire Regiment also in the same rank on 20 October 1953.[5] He became a lieutenant in the South Lancashire Regiment on 27 May 1954[6] and, on leaving University, was transferred to the 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles) on 3 August 1954[7] retaining his rank as a lieutenant.[8]

Chapple served with the regiment in Malaya, Hong Kong and Borneo.[1] He was promoted to captain on 9 February 1957[9] and to major on 9 February 1964.[10] Appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1969[11] and promoted to lieutenant colonel on 31 December,[12] he was appointed Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, 2nd Gurkha Rifles in 1970[1] and made a member of the Directing Staff at the Staff College, Camberley in 1972.[1] After spending much of the year as a services fellow at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge in 1973, he was posted to the Directorate of Staff Duties at the Ministry of Defence at the end of the year[13] and, having been promoted to colonel on 31 December 1973[14] and to brigadier on 31 December 1975,[15] was made Commander of the Gurkha Field Force in 1976.[1] He became Principal Staff Officer to the Chief of the Defence Staff in 1978,[1] and having been appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1980,[16] he became Commander of British Forces in Hong Kong on 13 June 1980,[17] with the substantive rank of major general from 1 January 1981.[18] He returned to the United Kingdom to be Director of Military Operations at the Ministry of Defence on 19 October 1982.[19]

 
Chapple advised the British Government during the Gulf War

Appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1985,[20] he became Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Programmes and Personnel) on 2 January 1985 in the rank of lieutenant general[21] and was then was promoted to the rank of general from 29 June.[22] He was appointed as Commander-in-Chief, United Kingdom Land Forces at about the same time. He was appointed Aide-de-Camp General to the Queen on 6 October 1987[23] and advanced to a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1988.[24] His last appointment was as Chief of the General Staff from 10 September 1988.[25] He served in this post, in which he provided military advice to the British Government on the conduct of the Gulf War, until he retired with promotion to field marshal on 13 February 1992.[26]

He was appointed Colonel of the 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurka Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles) on 14 September 1986,[27] and Honorary Colonel of the Oxford University Officers Training Corps on 21 July 1987.[28]

Later careerEdit

He was also a trustee of the Gurkha Museum from 1973 to 2003, a trustee of the National Army Museum from 1981 to 2003, a trustee of the World Wildlife Fund UK from 1988 to 1993, President of the Zoological Society of London from 1992 to 1994 and Governor of Gibraltar from 1993 to 1995.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1959 Chapple married Annabel Hill; they have one son and three daughters.[1] Their eldest daughter is Rachel Lucy Chapple,[29] a social anthropologist,[30] who has four children and lives in New York.[31] Chapple and Hill's son is David Charles Lyon Chapple, a consultant orthopaedic and spinal surgeon;[32] David's sons are Titus (or Titan, per the Daily Mail) and Magnus England Chapple;[33] David's eldest son, the late Horatio Chapple, was killed by a polar bear in Svalbard in August 2011.[31] Field Marshal Chapple was once president of BSES, the charity that had organised the trip.[31]

His interests include military history.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  2. ^ "No. 38967". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 July 1950. p. 3616.
  3. ^ Heathcote, Anthony p. 85
  4. ^ "No. 39877". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1953. p. 3103.
  5. ^ "No. 40041". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 December 1953. p. 6801.
  6. ^ "No. 40183". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 May 1954. p. 3129.
  7. ^ "No. 40265". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 August 1954. p. 5002.
  8. ^ "No. 40268". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 August 1954. p. 5064.
  9. ^ "No. 40995". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 February 1957. p. 869.
  10. ^ "No. 43241". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 February 1964. p. 1260.
  11. ^ "No. 44863". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 June 1969. p. 5966.
  12. ^ "No. 45013". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 January 1970. p. 216.
  13. ^ Heathcote, Anthony p. 86
  14. ^ "No. 46174". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 January 1974. p. 267.
  15. ^ "No. 46773". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1975. p. 16369.
  16. ^ "No. 48212". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 1980. p. 6.
  17. ^ "No. 48511". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 February 1981. p. 1561.
  18. ^ "No. 48574". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 April 1981. p. 5046.
  19. ^ "No. 49156". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 November 1982. p. 14262.
  20. ^ "No. 49969". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1984. p. 2.
  21. ^ "No. 50013". The London Gazette. 21 January 1985. p. 871.
  22. ^ "No. 51009". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 July 1987. p. 9574.
  23. ^ "No. 51080". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 October 1987. p. 12383.
  24. ^ "No. 51365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 June 1988. p. 2.
  25. ^ "No. 51467". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 September 1988. p. 10255.
  26. ^ "No. 52834". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 February 1992. p. 2582.
  27. ^ "No. 50663". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 September 1986. p. 10234.
  28. ^ "No. 51009". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 July 1987. p. 9573.
  29. ^ "Person Page 43671". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  30. ^ ""Welcome" by Rachel Chapple, PhD (Founder, Real Stories Gallery Foundation (501c) & www.real-stories-gallery.org)". Real Stories Gallery. Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ a b c "Norway polar bear attack victim Horatio Chapple was 'strong, fearless and kind' | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  32. ^ "Tributes paid to boy killed in polar bear attack (From Salisbury Journal)". Salisburyjournal.co.uk. 6 August 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  33. ^ ITN, itn.co.uk (6 August 2011). "Tributes to Eton schoolboy killed by polar bear – World News – MSN News UK". News.uk.msn.com. Retrieved 18 December 2011.

Further readingEdit

  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Barnsley (UK): Pen & Sword. ISBN 0-85052-696-5.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Roy Redgrave
Commander of British Forces in Hong Kong
1980–1982
Succeeded by
Sir Derek Boorman
New title Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Programmes and Personnel)
1984–1987
Succeeded by
Sir David Parry-Evans
Preceded by
Sir James Glover
Commander in Chief, UK Land Forces
1987–1988
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Huxtable
Preceded by
Sir Nigel Bagnall
Chief of the General Staff
1988–1992
Succeeded by
Sir Peter Inge
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Derek Reffell
Governor of Gibraltar
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Sir Hugo White