The Ilyushin Il-102 was a Soviet experimental jet-powered ground-attack aircraft designed by Ilyushin. This aircraft was never chosen for production, being surpassed by the Su-25, and only a few development prototypes were built.
|Ilyushin Il-102 in display|
|First flight||25 September 1982|
|Developed from||Ilyushin Il-40|
Design and developmentEdit
In 1967, the Soviet Air Forces drew up a specification for a jet-powered shturmovik or armoured ground attack aircraft. While Sukhoi designed an all-new single seat aircraft, the Su-25, Ilyushin proposed a modified version of their Il-40 of 1953 under the designation Il-42, which, unlike the Sukhoi, was a two-seat aircraft with a remotely-controlled rear gun turret. The design was rejected by the Soviet Air Forces, but Ilyushin decided to continue development as a private venture, renaming the programme Il-102.
The Il-102 first prototype flew on 25 September 1982, with a second airframe built for static tests, and carried out 250 test flights until it was grounded in 1984 when the engine life expired.
The Il-102 was a low-winged monoplane with moderately swept (30 degrees) wings, powered by two Klimov RD-33I turbofans (non-afterburning versions of the engines that power the Mikoyan MiG-29 fighter). It was highly unusual for its time in having a rear gun turret, something not seen in ground-attack aircraft since the World War II Il-2 Shturmovik and Il-10, the Il-102's spiritual ancestors, controlled remotely by a gunner sitting in a cockpit above the trailing edge of the wing. The crew cockpits, engines and fuel tanks were armoured to protect against ground fire.
Although development was abandoned in 1984, the prototype Il-102 was publicly unveiled at the 1992 Mosaeroshow air show at Zhukovsky, being claimed to be available for export. As of 2005, the prototype was mounted on a pedestal and placed on display at the Gromov Flight Research Institute.
Data from The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995
- Crew: two
- Length: 17.5 m (58 ft 2⅞ in)
- Wingspan: 16.9 m (55 ft 5⅜ in)
- Height: 5.08 m (16 ft 8 in)
- Wing area: 63.5 m² (683.5 ft²)
- Empty weight: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb)
- Loaded weight: 18,000 kg (39,683 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 22,000 kg (48,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Klimov RD-33I turbofan, 51 kN (11,465 lbf) each
- Maximum speed: 950 km/h (513 kn, 590 mph)
- Combat radius: 400–500 km (300–378 nmi, 345–435 mi)
- Ferry range: 3,000 km (1,621 nmi, 1,864 mi)
- Wing loading: 283 kg/m² (58.1 lb/ft²)
- Thrust/weight: 0.58
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- World Air Power Journal Summer 1994, p.25.
- World Air Power Journal Summer 1994, p.27.
- World Air Power Journal Summer 1994, pp.24, 28.
- Gunston 1995, p.126–127.