Zhukovsky International Airport
Zhukovsky International Airport (IATA: ZIA, ICAO: UUBW), formerly (and still occasionally) known as Ramenskoye Airport or Zhukovsky Airfield (Russian: Аэропорт Раменское, Аэропорт Жуковский) is an international airport, located in Moscow Oblast, Russia 36 km southeast of central Moscow, in the town of Zhukovsky, a few kilometers southeast of the old Bykovo Airport.
Zhukovsky International Airport
Международный аэропорт Жуковский
|Hub for||Pegas Fly|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||123 m / 404 ft|
The airfield assigned to the newly established in 1941 Flight Research Institute has served as a major USSR aircraft testing establishment, with most of the major Russian OKBs having facilities there. This airfield was used as a test site for the Soviet Buran Spacecraft. It was also used by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and cargo carriers. Until June 2006, jet fighters flights for the public and international customers were available at the Gromov Flight Research Institute airfield (a number of two-seater jets like: Aero L-39 Albatros, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 Foxbat, for Edge of Space flights, Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum, etc.).
On March 29, 2011, then Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin proposed moving all charter and low-cost flights to Ramenskoye Airport (as it was then called) to relieve Moscow's Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo, and Vnukovo airports and reduce the cost of tickets. A new terminal was constructed and the airport scheduled to be opened on 16 March 2016, but was later postponed to unspecified date due to lack of interest and airport certification issues. The airport was eventually opened on 30 May 2016. The opening ceremony was attended by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
The Joint Venture "Ramport Aero" running the airport is formed by Lithuania's Avia Solutions Group (75%) and Russia state corporation Rostec (25%), who aimed to expand the airport in three stages. While the opening of the new airport was delayed and aircraft limit to Ramenskoye is implemented, Air France-KLM noted it tends to use Ramenskoye as a diversion airport to Sheremetyevo in case of emergency.
The airport was originally named the same as the airfield after the nearby city of Ramenskoye. However, in 2016 it was officially re-named after the city of Zhukovsky, in which it is geographically situated. The opening ceremony of the airport was held on 30 May 2016 and the first commercial passenger flights were expected to begin on 20 June 2016.
The airfield is also publicly well-known as a place of the biennial MAKS Airshow. The airport uses the Gromov Flight Research Institute world's second longest public-use runway, at 5,402 m (17,723 ft). There is a second and shorter runway of length 2,950 m (9,680 ft), but it is temporarily closed.
According to the project of development of the international airport, in the period up to 2019, it is planned to build two passenger terminals (with a capacity of 2 million and 5 million passengers per year), a hotel with 250 rooms, office buildings, open parking for 1,240 parking spaces and covered parking, with a capacity of up to 7,426 cars, as well as the station for aeroexpress. The first phase of the new airport in 2016 will have to serve 1.7 million people, and by 2020 the project assumes an increase in passenger traffic to 10.8 million.
In 2015, the construction of the first passenger terminal with an area of 17.6 thousand square meters was carried out. and adaptation of the current infrastructure of the Ramenskoye airfield for civil aviation purposes. The annual capacity of the first terminal will reach two million passengers a year. Investments in the project to launch the first stage of the airport amount to more than 1.5 billion rubles ($27 million).
In total, over 13 years, approximately 13 billion rubles will be invested in the airport and over 240 thousand square meters of airport infrastructure will be built. At the second and third stages, it is planned to significantly expand the first one and build the second passenger terminal of Zhukovsky airport. After completion of all stages of development, the total area of the terminals will be 60 thousand square meters. m., and their capacity will increase to 12 million passengers a year.
The development of the project includes a significant improvement in transport infrastructure in the area. However, residents of the city of Zhukovsky fear that the development of the airport will lead to a worsening of the transport situation due to an increase in automobile traffic within the city, as well as a decrease in the comfort of living of residents due to the noise of airplanes when the airport operates around the clock.
In October 2018, Avia Solutions Group (ASG), sold its share of the airport management company to the management of Ramport Aero 
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines operate regular and scheduled services to and from Zhukovsky:
|FlyArystan||Nur-Sultan (begins 13 December 2019)|
|Ural Airlines|| Almaty, Amsterdam, Beijing–Daxing (begins 29 March 2020), Dushanbe, Khujand, Nukus, Osh, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Samarkand, Tashkent, Tel Aviv|
Seasonal: Bishkek, Karshi, Kulob, Simferopol, Sochi
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 15 August 2019, Ural Airlines Flight U6-178, an Airbus A321 registered VQ-BOZ, from Zhukovsky International Airport to Simferopol carrying 226 passengers and 7 crew suffered a bird strike shortly after takeoff and made an emergency landing in a cornfield less than 3 nautical miles (5.6 km; 3.5 mi) from the runway. with its landing gear up. 23 people were hospitalized.
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- "Documentation AKC Full Scale Stand of Equipment (FSSE) and Piloting Dynamic Stand for Training (PDST)". www.buran-energia.com. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
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- Названа дата открытия четвертого московского аэропорта (in Russian). Meduza. 6 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
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- "Lithuania's Avia Solutions Group chooses partners for new Moscow airport". The Baltic Course. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "Rusijos valdžia nori riboti skrydžių kiekį iš naujojo Maskvos oro uosto" (in Lithuanian). 15 min. Baltic News Service. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- ""Air France-KLM" ketina lietuvių pastatytą Maskvos Ramenskojės oro uostą naudoti kaip atsarginį" (in Lithuanian). 15 min. Baltic News Service. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "Fourth international airport opens in Moscow". RT International. 30 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
- "Rostec approved the construction of the airport Ramenskoye". Rostec. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- "International Ramenskoye airport will be able to receive 10 million passengers a year". m24.ru. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- "The fourth airport of the Moscow aviation hub has opened". Meduza. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- "The opening date of the fourth Moscow airport is named". Meduza. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- "The construction of the Ramenskoye airport will attract 13 billion rubles to the economy of the Moscow region".
- "Avia Solutions Group withdrew from the shareholders of Ramport Aero JSC (AviaPort)". AviaPort.Ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-11-04..
- Рейсы. zia.aero (in Russian). Zhukovsky International Airport. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (21 October 2019). "FlyArystan to start international services in December". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
- Liu, Jim (26 August 2019). "Ural Airlines adds Moscow – Amsterdam service in late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
- Liu, Jim (12 November 2019). "Ural Airlines files 737 MAX 8 Moscow – Beijing service in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
- Liu, Jim (31 July 2019). "Ural Airlines adds Moscow Zhukovsky – Nukus service from Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Ural Airlines schedules new Moscow Zhukovsky – Europe routes from Dec 2018". routesonline.com. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- Liu, Jim (15 October 2019). "Ural Airlines adds Moscow Zhukovsky – Uzbekistan links in W19". routesonline.com.
- "schedule". uralairlines.com. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- "Ural Airlines schedules new routes in W18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- Fox, Kara. "Russian plane crash-lands outside Moscow after striking flock of gulls". CNN. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- Ostroukh, Andrey; Balmforth, Tom (15 August 2019). "Russia hails miracle after plane makes emergency landing near Moscow". Reuters. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- "28 hurt after Russian plane hits birds, makes emergency landing". NBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2019.