Igis (Romansh: Eigias) is a former municipality in the district of Landquart in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. Far more known than its proper name Igis is its hamlet Landquart, for its Rail Station and motorway exit. The municipalities of Igis and Mastrils merged on 1 January 2012 into the new municipality of Landquart.
|• Total||10.88 km2 (4.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||563 m (1,847 ft)|
|• Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Maienfeld, Malans, Mastrils, Valzeina, Zizers|
Igis is first mentioned about 840 as Ovinae/Aviuns. In 1149 it was mentioned as Auuine, in 1225 as Huiuns and in 1253 as Yges.
Igis had an area, as of 2006[update], of 10.9 km2 (4.2 sq mi). Of this area, 44.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 20.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Fünf Dörfer sub-district of the Landquart district. It is a transportation hub for the Rheintal-Prättigau region and is the third largest municipality (by population) in Graubünden. It consists of the village of Igis and the section of Landquart and (until 2004) Landquart Fabriken.
Igis had a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 7,738. As of 2008[update], 15.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 3.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (83.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 3.8%) and Italian being third ( 2.8%).
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 49.4% male and 50.6% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Igis is; 849 children or 11.7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 625 teenagers or 8.6% are 10 to 14, and 527 teenagers or 7.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 851 people or 11.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 1,168 people or 16.2% are 30 to 39, 1,186 people or 16.4% are 40 to 49, and 832 people or 11.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 571 people or 7.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 407 people or 5.6% are 70 to 79, there are 189 people or 2.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 23 people or 0.3% who are 90 to 99.
Igis has an unemployment rate of 1.82%. As of 2005[update], there were 144 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 1,535 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 80 businesses in this sector. 2,184 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 257 businesses in this sector.
From the 2000 census[update], 2,735 or 37.8% are Roman Catholic, while 3,046 or 42.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 162 individuals (or about 2.24% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 166 individuals (or about 2.30% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are less than 5 individuals who are Jewish, and 562 (or about 7.78% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 83 individuals (or about 1.15% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 335 (or about 4.63% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 139 individuals (or about 1.92% of the population) did not answer the question.
The historical population is given in the following table:
|1970||no data||no data||no data||5283|
|1950||no data||no data||no data||2794|
|1900||no data||no data||no data||1201|
|1850||no data||no data||no data||637|
The leadership of the municipality is elected every four years and consists of a president and six members.
|Town council (2009–2012)|
|Brandenburger Agnes||Culture and Recreation||SVP|
|Zanetti Livio||Police and Safety||CVP|
Sightseeing and cultureEdit
Heritage sites of national significanceEdit
In addition to the Marschlins Castle, Igis is also home to the ruins of Falkenstein Castle.
- The Roman Catholic Church of St. Fidelis was built in 1908 in Landquart.
- The current Reformed church in Igis was built to its current appearance in 1486. At that time, the nave was extended to the south and the choir was expanded. The main portal was also built in 1486, as this date is carved into the stone. The paintings on the north-east wall date from before the 1486 renovation. It is believed that this wall is part of St. Damian's Church in Ovine that was mentioned in 841, though this identification is debated. Part of the identification rests on the fact that the bell of the church contains an inscription that indicates that it was dedicated to Cosmas and Damian. Regardless, the current church is clearly mentioned about 1300 in the records of Pfäfers Abbey.
- The Church in Landquart was built in the 20th Century as the village section grew. The land was acquired in 1914, though construction began only in 1925. Construction finished on 11 January 1926.
Arriving at Landquart railway station you may also want to continue by foot in a multiday hike towards Klosters on the Prättigauer Höhenweg instead of using the Rhetian Railway.
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 21 December 2011
- Igis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2011-11-16 at the Wayback Machine accessed 15-Oct-2009
- "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 15-Oct-2009
- History of the Igis Church Archived 2010-09-19 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
- History of the Landquart Church Archived 2010-09-19 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
- Hiking Switzerland Landquart-Klosters, Graubünden Archived 2014-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Igis.|