Huntingdonshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Huntingdonshire was a Parliamentary constituency covering the county of Huntingdonshire in England. It was represented in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and then in the House of Commons the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It returned two Knights of the Shire (apart from 1654 to 1659, when it returned three); when elections were contested, the bloc vote system was used.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||2 (1290 – 1654)|
3 (1654 – 1659)
2 (1659 – 1885)
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, Huntingdon and Ramsey were re-united and the constituency was reconstituted, returning a single Member of Parliament (MP). Subject to boundary changes for the 1983 general election, the constituency was succeeded by the re-established constituency of Huntingdon. Its MP at the time, John Major, continued to represent it.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Members of Parliament
- 3 1290–1660
- 4 Elections
- 4.1 Elections in the 1840s
- 4.2 Elections in the 1850s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1860s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1870s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1880s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.8 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1940s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1970s
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 Sources
- 8 See also
1918-1974: The administrative county of Huntingdonshire.
1974-1983: In 1965 Huntingdonshire was merged into the new administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough and in the next redistribution of parliamentary seats, which took effect for the February 1974 general election, the constituency was defined as comprising the Municipal Boroughs of Huntingdon and Godmanchester, and St Ives, the Urban Districts of Old Fletton, Ramsey, and St Neots, and the Rural Districts of Huntingdon, Norman Cross, St Ives, and St Neots. Eaton Socon in Bedfordshire had been absorbed by the Urban District of St Neots and was transferred from the County Constituency of Mid Bedfordshire. There were other marginal adjustments due to changes in county borders.
Meanwhile, as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, the two counties of Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely, and Huntingdon and Peterborough were merged to form the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire, with effect from 1 April 1974. However, the next redistribution did not come into effect until the 1983 general election, when the majority of the constituency, including Huntingdon, Godmanchester, Ramsey and St Ives, formed the bulk of the new County Constituency of Huntingdon. Areas to the south of the River Nene, including Fletton and the Ortons, which were now part of the expanded City of Peterborough, were transferred to the Borough Constituency of Peterborough. Southern-most areas, including St Neots, were transferred to the new County Constituency of South West Cambridgeshire.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- Constituency created (1290)
|Huntingdon and Ramsey prior to 1918|
|1924||Sir Charles Murchison||Conservative|
|1945||David Renton||Liberal National|
|1950||National Liberal and Conservative|
|1964||Conservative and National Liberal|
|1983||constituency abolished, Huntingdon and part of SW Cambs from 1983|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
Elections in the 1850sEdit
Thornhill's death caused a by-election.
Montagu succeeded to the peerage, becoming 7th Duke of Manchester and causing a by-election.
|Turnout||2,255 (est)||77.3 (est)||N/A|
Securing the same number of votes, both Fellowes and Heathcote were returned alongside Rust as Members of Parliament. However, after scrutiny, Rust and Fellowes lost one vote, while Heathcote lost two, causing Heathcote to be declared unduly elected on 31 July 1857.
|Turnout||2,427 (est)||80.3 (est)||+3.0|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Montagu's appointment as Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education required a by-election.
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Turnout||2,757 (est)||76.8 (est)||N/A|
Pelly's death caused a by-election.
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Turnout||3,403 (est)||86.0 (est)||+9.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||-2.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Robert Christopher Grey||6,416||37.4||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Lina Scott Gatty||5,123||25.7||-11.7|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+15.2|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.6|
|Labour||C S Giddins||3,493||12.3||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+8.7|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal National||Sidney Peters||23,102||83.3||+37.7|
|Liberal National hold||Swing||+16.7|
|Liberal National||Sidney Peters||17,287||68.7||-14.6|
|Labour||James Lievsley George||7,861||31.3||+14.6|
|Liberal National hold||Swing||-14.6|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal National||David Renton||15,389||50.1||-18.6|
|Labour||W A Waters||9,458||30.8||-0.5|
|Liberal National hold||Swing||-9.1|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|National Liberal and Conservative||David Renton||18,551||51.4||+1.3|
|Labour||Francis Robert Macdonald||13,096||36.3||+5.5|
|Liberal||William George F Thompson||4,442||12.3||-6.8|
|National Liberal and Conservative hold||Swing||-2.1|
|National Liberal and Conservative||David Renton||20,845||57.4||+6.0|
|Labour||Francis Robert Macdonald||15,487||42.6||+6.3|
|National Liberal and Conservative hold||Swing||-0.2|
|National Liberal and Conservative||David Renton||20,609||58.4||+1.0|
|Labour||John Albert Franks||14,670||41.6||-1.0|
|National Liberal and Conservative hold||Swing||+1.0|
|National Liberal and Conservative||David Renton||20,254||53.9||-4.5|
|Labour||John Wilson Fear||11,983||31.8||-9.8|
|Liberal||Richard Edward Walter Vanderplank||5,389||14.3||N/A|
|National Liberal and Conservative hold||Swing||+2.7|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative and National Liberal||David Renton||20,320||51.1||-2.8|
|Labour||Leslie J Potter||12,456||31.3||-0.5|
|Liberal||Peter G H Thorold||6,992||17.6||+3.3|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing||-1.2|
|Conservative and National Liberal||David Renton||20,504||49.1||-2.0|
|Liberal||David Ralph Antony Spreckley||5,900||14.2||-3.4|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing||-3.7|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||James P P Curran||17,588||35.1||-1.6|
|Liberal||Michael Wilfrid B O'Loughlin||5,082||10.2||-4.0|
|Liberal||Dennis Graham Rowe||19,040||29.2||+19.0|
|Labour||Paul Andrew Ormerod||17,066||26.2||-8.9|
|Labour||Alan G Dowson||17,745||29.6||+3.4|
|Liberal||Dennis Graham Rowe||15,152||25.3||-3.9|
|Labour||Julian G H Fulbrook||18,630||25.7||-3.9|
|Liberal||Dennis Graham Rowe||12,812||17.6||-7.7|
|National Front||K T Robinson||983||1.4||N/A|
Notes and referencesEdit
- Both Heathcote and Fellowes secured the same number of votes and were returned alongside Rust in a treble election. However, after scrutiny, Heathcote was declared unduly elected in July 1857
- "'Huntingdonshire', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "HERLYNGTON, John (d.1408), of Yaxley, Hunts". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 149–151. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 152. Retrieved 10 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- "Launceston Weekly News; and Cornwall and Devon Advertiser". 21 March 1857. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Coventry Standard". 3 April 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 4 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 400–401. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Huntingdonshire". Cambridge Chronicle and Journal. 16 June 1877. p. 6. Retrieved 1 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- F. W. S. Craig (1983), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- F. W. S. Craig (1971), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1950-1970. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- F. W. S. Craig (1984), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1974-1983. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.