John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft

John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft (died 27 January 1443) was a Knight of the Shire for Huntingdonshire and Somerset, Speaker of the House of Commons, Treasurer of the Household, Chief Butler of England, Treasurer of the Exchequer and Seneschal of Landes and Aquitaine.

Arms of Tibetot (or Tiptoft): Argent, a saltire engrailed gules[1]

Early lifeEdit

This English nobleman was the eldest son and heir of Sir Pain Tiptoft (died c. 1413) by his spouse, Agnes, née Wrothe (d. bef. 1413). He was Lord of the Manors of Burwell and Eversden, in Cambridgeshire. In 1413 he was heir to his first cousin, Elizabeth Wrothe, wife of Sir William Palton, Kt., by which he inherited the manors of Nether Wallop, Hampshire, Worcesters (in Enfield), Middlesex, and Redlynch (in Downton, Wiltshire).

Through his father, he is a descendant of Charlemagne.


He was knighted in 1399. He was returned to Parliament as knight of the shire for Huntingdonshire in January and October, 1404 and again in 1406, when he was elected Speaker of the House of Commons. He represented Somerset in 1414.

He was appointed Treasurer of the Household (1406–1408), Chief Butler of England in 1407, Treasurer of the Exchequer (1408–1409), Seneschal of Aquitaine (1415–1423), Councillor of Regency to Henry VI (1422–1443) and Lord Steward of the Household (1426–1432).

On 7 January 1426 he was summoned to the House of Lords whereby he was created Baron Tiptoft.

Marriage and progenyEdit

John Tiptoft married twice, leaving progeny by his 2nd marriage only:

Death and burialEdit

Sir John, 1st Lord Tiptoft, was buried at Enfield in Middlesex, early in February 1443.

Joice Lady Tiptoft buried in St. Andrews Church, Enfield Town 1446c (deceased wife of Sir John, 1st Lord Tiptoft)[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ As for example quartered by the Barons Scrope of Bolton, (the 2nd baron (d. 1403) married one of the co-heiresses of Robert Tiptoft, 3rd Baron Tibetot (d. 1372)) to be seen in quarterings of John Wyndham (1558–1645), Watchet Church, Somerset
  2. ^ Royal licence required for marriages of heiress and widows of a tenant-in-chief
  3. ^ Ward, J.S.M. (1912). Brasses. p. 27. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
  4. ^ Lee 1920, p. 90.
  5. ^ Kellys 1899 Directory for Middlesex pg.640


Further readingEdit

  • Clark, Linda. "Tiptoft, John, first Baron Tiptoft (c. 1378–1443), administrator and speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27470. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Mitchell, R. J. (1938). John Tiptoft (1427-70). London.
  • Roskell, J. S. The Commons and their speakers in English parliaments, 1376–1523 (1965). pp. 147–9, 367–8.
  • Roskell, J. S. (1983). Parliament and politics in late medieval England. 3. pp. 107–50.
  • Roskell, J. S.; Woodger, L. S. (1993). "TIPTOFT, Sir John (d.1443), of Burwell, Cambs.". In Clark, Linda; Rawcliffe, Carole; Roskell, J. S. (eds.). The House of Commons 1386-1421. The History of Parliament Trust.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Esturmy
Speaker of the House of Commons
Succeeded by
Thomas Chaucer
Preceded by
Nicholas Bubwith
Lord High Treasurer
Succeeded by
The Lord Scrope of Masham
Preceded by
Thomas Chaucer
Chief Butler of England
Succeeded by
The Lord Wenlock
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Tiptoft
Succeeded by
John Tiptoft