John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft

John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft (died 27 January 1443) was a Knight of the Shire for Huntingdonshire and Somerset, Speaker of the House of Commons, Treasurer of the Household, Chief Butler of England, Treasurer of the Exchequer and Seneschal of Landes and Aquitaine.

Arms of Tibetot (or Tiptoft): Argent, a saltire engrailed gules[1]

Early life edit

This English nobleman was the eldest son and heir of Sir Pain Tiptoft (died c. 1413) by his spouse, Agnes, née Wrothe (d. bef. 1413). He was Lord of the Manors of Burwell and Eversden, in Cambridgeshire. In 1413, he was heir to his first cousin, Elizabeth Wrothe, wife of Sir William Palton, Kt., by which he inherited the manors of Nether Wallop, Hampshire, Worcesters (in Enfield), Middlesex, and Redlynch (in Downton, Wiltshire).

Through his father, he is a descendant of Charlemagne.

Career edit

Tiptoft's early rise to prominence rested on fortuitous connexions. His father, Sir Payn, was closely attached to Richard, earl of Arundel, one of the Lords Appellant of 1388, but he himself joined the household of another of their number, Henry of Bolingbroke, so that as a young esquire, between April and September 1397, he spent 125 days serving infra curia at a wage of 7½d.a day. He continued in Henry's service right up to his exile, and it is highly probable that he and his father rallied to the Lancastrian banner soon after Bolingbroke's landing in Yorkshire to claim his birthright.

John was among the 46 esquires knighted by Henry on the eve of his coronation, and it was as a "King's knight" that, on 13 November 1399, he was formally retained for life with a substantial annuity of 100 marks charged on the royal revenues from Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire.

He was returned to Parliament as knight of the shire for Huntingdonshire in January and October, 1404 and again in 1406, when he was elected Speaker of the House of Commons. He represented Somerset in 1414.

He was appointed Treasurer of the Household (1406–1408), Chief Butler of England in 1407, Treasurer of the Exchequer (1408–1409), Seneschal of Aquitaine (1415–1423), Councillor of Regency to Henry VI (1422–1443) and Lord Steward of the Household (1426–1432).

On 7 January 1426, he was summoned to the House of Lords whereby he was created Baron Tiptoft.

Marriage and progeny edit

John Tiptoft married twice, leaving progeny by his 2nd marriage only:

Death and burial edit

Sir John, 1st Lord Tiptoft, was buried at Enfield in Middlesex, early in February 1443. His widow, Joyce (or Joice), was buried in St Andrew's Church, Enfield Town, c. 1446.[5]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ As for example quartered by the Barons Scrope of Bolton, (the 2nd baron (d. 1403) married one of the co-heiresses of Robert Tiptoft, 3rd Baron Tibetot (d. 1372)) to be seen in quarterings of John Wyndham (1558–1645), Watchet Church, Somerset
  2. ^ Royal licence required for marriages of heiress and widows of a tenant-in-chief
  3. ^ Ward, J.S.M. (1912). Brasses. p. 27. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
  4. ^ Lee 1920, p. 90.
  5. ^ Kellys 1899 Directory for Middlesex, p. 640

References edit

Further reading edit

  • Clark, Linda. "Tiptoft, John, first Baron Tiptoft (c. 1378–1443), administrator and speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27470. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Mitchell, R. J. (1938). John Tiptoft (1427-70). London.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  • Roskell, J. S. The Commons and their speakers in English parliaments, 1376–1523 (1965). pp. 147–9, 367–8.
  • Roskell, J. S. (1983). Parliament and politics in late medieval England. Vol. 3. pp. 107–50.
  • Roskell, J. S.; Woodger, L. S. (1993). "TIPTOFT, Sir John (d.1443), of Burwell, Cambs.". In Clark, Linda; Rawcliffe, Carole; Roskell, J. S. (eds.). The House of Commons 1386-1421. The History of Parliament Trust.
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the House of Commons
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord High Treasurer
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Butler of England
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Tiptoft
Succeeded by