Hungarian Liberal Party

Hungarian Liberal Party (Hungarian: Magyar Liberális Párt, shortened form Liberals (Liberálisok) or MLP) is a liberal[1] political party in Hungary that was formed on 27 April 2013 and is led by Anett Bősz.

Hungarian Liberal Party

Magyar Liberális Párt
LeaderAnett Bősz
Founded27 April 2013
Headquarters1051 Budapest, Hercegprímás utca 18
Membership722 (2014)
Political positionCentre to centre-right
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[2]
ColoursDeep sky blue
National Assembly
1 / 199
European Parliament
0 / 21
County Assemblies
0 / 419
Party flag
Flag of the Hungarian Liberal Party.svg


Gábor Fodor announced in January 2013 that he intended to establish a new liberal party in Hungary.[3] He presented his party in April 2013, promising "more liberal, person-centered and patriotic politics". He criticized the state's tutelary policy and emphasized, Hungary was then in forefront of the region, when liberalism and the SZDSZ were strong. Fodor also introduced the party's programme with the title of "Sympathetic liberalism", breaking away from the "intellectual arrogance" of his previous party.[4]

In September 2013, the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) declined to sign an election deal with the Democratic Coalition (DK) and Fodor’s liberal party because both parties presented excessive expectations compared to their social support.[5] According to Fodor, the Liberals were ready to enter into a far-reaching compromise with left-leaning opposition parties in order to defeat Viktor Orbán. But after the Socialists and Together 2014 – the grouping led by former PM Gordon Bajnai – opted to stand apart, the Liberals had no other choice but to set off for the 2014 national election on their own.[6] Fodor attended as a public speaker at the opposition demonstration on the 1956 Revolution National Day, where he urged the establishment of a common democratic opposition list for the 2014 parliamentary election, criticizing agreement between the MSZP and Together 2014 and the exclusion of other opposition parties from the cooperation.[7]

During the interim mayoral election in Fót, held on November 24, Liberals' candidate Nóra Mária Vargha received the 13 percent of the votes and came to the fifth place. According to Fodor, this result showed that liberal voters require an own party, and lack of cooperation of opposition parties is favorable to the ruling party Fidesz.[8] Later a Budapest court decided the annulment of election results because of a violation of campaign silence rules.[9] On 20 December 2013, Századvég's poll for the first time registers support for the Hungarian Liberal Party, which receives 1% of the vote.[10]

On 14 January 2014, the Hungarian Liberal Party joined the electoral alliance of left-wing opposition parties, which formed Unity under the leadership of Socialist party chairman Attila Mesterházy. Fodor run as an MP candidate from the fourth place at the alliance's national list. The party also received two additional places (56th and 58th) on the list.[11] Although the Unity suffered a heavy defeat, nevertheless Fodor became a Member of Parliament again after four years and he did not join any parliamentary group.

On 19 November 2015 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[12]

The Hungarian Liberal Party (MLP) was the only political party to openly campaign in favour of the compulsory quota system and asked its supporters to vote "yes" in the October 2016 migrant quota referendum.[13] The MLP's foreign policy advisor István Szent-Iványi said in August 2016 that the support of "yes" votes "is the only way to stand up for European values, Hungary’s belonging to Europe and European solidarity", criticizing the behaviour of left-wing parties, which decided to boycott the referendum.[14] Hungarian Liberal Party chairman Gábor Fodor (currently the party’s only MP) submitted a bill in 2017 calling for the legalization and regulation of cannabis in Hungary.[15] In economic terms, the party supports flat tax.[16]

In 2018 Anett Bősz was elected to the National Assembly in joint MSZP–P list. By the summer of the save year, she joined independent Assembly members. In April 2019 Gábor Fodor resigned from party's chairman position and Anett Bősz was elected in his place.

By December of 2019 Anett Bősz joined Democratic Coalition group in the National Assembly.


  • Anett Bősz: chairman
  • András Boruzs: party manager
  • Viktor Szabadai: party chairman in Budapest
  • István Szent-Iványi: foreign policy advisor

History of leadersEdit

Image Name Entered office Left office Length of Leadership
1   Gábor Fodor[17] 27 April 2013 27 August 2019 6 years and 4 months

Election resultsEdit

National AssemblyEdit

Election year National Assembly Government
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
2014 Unity
1 / 199
in opposition
2018 MSZPP list
1 / 199
  0 in opposition

Local elections - BudapestEdit

Candidate Party Votes Proportions
Zoltán Bodnár Hungarian Liberal Party 12,461 2.10%

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Hungary". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ "Mától tagjai vagyunk az Európai Liberálisok és Demokraták Szövetségének!". 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  3. ^ "New liberal party". 2013-01-21. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  4. ^ "Megalakult Fodor Gábor liberális pártja". 2013-04-27. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  5. ^ "Opposition DK-Socialist election talks break down". 2013-09-10. Archived from the original on 2016-12-23. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
  6. ^ "Liberals to go it alone at polls as talks with other parties hit wall". 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  7. ^ "A megbízhatatlan Gyurcsány ellopta a show-t". 2013-10-22. Archived from the original on 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  8. ^ "13% négy tanulságsa". 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  9. ^ "Court orders mayoral election repeat in Fot". 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  10. ^ "Szazadveg Poll: Slight increase for Fidesz, Jobbik in December". 2013-12-28. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  11. ^ "Opposition leaders agree on joint list for general election". 2014-01-14. Archived from the original on 2014-01-15. Retrieved 2014-01-14.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2015-11-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Tudta? A Liberálisok az IGEN mellett kampányolnak". 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  14. ^ "Szavazz igennel! - Üzentek a liberálisok". Népszava. 2016-08-15. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  15. ^ Novak, -Benjamin (May 15, 2017). "Hungarian Liberal Party: Legalize it!".
  16. ^ Institute, Republikon (February 1, 2018). "Gábor Fodor: Who Should Hungarian Liberals Vote For?".
  17. ^ "Fodor Gábor lemondott a Liberális párt vezetéséről". 2019-08-27. Retrieved 2019-08-27.

External linksEdit