Hughes County, South Dakota

Hughes County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 17,765, making it the least populous capital county in the nation, and the twelfth-most populous county in South Dakota.[1] Its county seat is Pierre,[2] which is also the state capital. The county was created in 1873, and was organized in 1880. It was named for Alexander Hughes, a legislator.[3] On 4 June 1891, the county's area was increased by the addition of Farm Island, in the Missouri River downstream of Pierre.[4]

Hughes County
Hughes County Courthouse in Pierre
Map of South Dakota highlighting Hughes County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°23′N 99°59′W / 44.39°N 99.99°W / 44.39; -99.99
Country United States
State South Dakota
FoundedJanuary 8, 1873 (created)
November 26, 1880 (organized)
Named forAlexander Hughes
SeatPierre
Largest cityPierre
Area
 • Total801 sq mi (2,070 km2)
 • Land742 sq mi (1,920 km2)
 • Water59 sq mi (150 km2)  7.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total17,765
 • Estimate 
(2021)
17,694 Decrease
 • Density22/sq mi (8.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.hughescounty.org

Hughes County is part of the Pierre, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

The Missouri River forms the southwestern boundary line of Hughes County. The county's terrain consists of rolling hills cut by gullies and drainages. The area is partially dedicated to agriculture, including the use of center pivot irrigation.[5]

The county terrain generally slopes to the southeast, although the hills along the west fall off into the river valley. The county's highest point is on the upper part of the east boundary line, at 1,952' (595m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 801 square miles (2,070 km2), of which 742 square miles (1,920 km2) is land and 59 square miles (150 km2) (7.4%) is water.[7]

Major highwaysEdit

AirportEdit

Pierre Regional Airport (PIR) serves Hughes County and the surrounding communities.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[5]Edit

  • Arikara State Game Production Area
  • Buckeye State Game Production Area
  • Cowan State Game Production Area
  • DeGrey State Game Production Area
  • DeGrey State Lakeside Use Area
  • Dry Run State Game Production Area
  • East Shore State Lakeside Use Area
  • Farm Island State Recreation Area
  • Fort George State Game Production Area
  • Fort George State Lakeside Use Area
  • Gutenkauf State Game Production Area
  • Joe Creek Recreation Area
  • LaFramboise Island State Nature Area
  • North Bend State Lakeside Use Area
  • North Big Bend State Game Production Area
  • Oahe Mission Recreation Area
  • Peoria Flats State Game Production Area
  • Peoria Flats State Lakeside Use Area
  • Rousseau State Game Production Area
  • Rousseau State Lakeside Use Area
  • Sand Creek State Game Production Area
  • Spring Creek State Recreation Area
  • Tailrace Recreation Area
  • Valley state Game Production Area
  • West Bend State Recreation Area
  • West Big Bend State Game Production Area
  • West DeGrey State Game Production Area
  • Woodruff Lake State Game Production Area

Lakes[5]Edit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880268
18905,0441,782.1%
19003,684−27.0%
19106,27170.2%
19205,711−8.9%
19307,00922.7%
19406,624−5.5%
19508,11122.4%
196012,72556.9%
197011,632−8.6%
198014,22022.2%
199014,8174.2%
200016,48111.2%
201017,0223.3%
202017,7654.4%
2021 (est.)17,694[8]−0.4%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 16,481 people, 6,512 households, and 4,310 families in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 7,055 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.91% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 8.70% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,512 households, out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 27.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,970, and the median income for a family was $51,235. Males had a median income of $32,228 versus $22,656 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,689. About 6.00% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.80% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,022 people, 7,066 households, and 4,435 families in the county.[14] The population density was 23.0 inhabitants per square mile (8.9/km2). There were 7,623 housing units at an average density of 10.3 per square mile (4.0/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 85.7% white, 10.5% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 42.7% were German, 12.4% were Norwegian, 9.8% were Irish, 9.7% were English, and 3.8% were American.[16]

Of the 7,066 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.2% were non-families, and 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 39.8 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $53,501 and the median income for a family was $70,881. Males had a median income of $42,701 versus $32,265 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,236. About 7.1% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.[17]

PoliticsEdit

Hughes is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and Congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936. In 2012, Republican Mitt Romney won 64% of the county's vote.

United States presidential election results for Hughes County, South Dakota[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,522 63.30% 2,953 33.85% 248 2.84%
2016 5,174 63.29% 2,450 29.97% 551 6.74%
2012 5,219 64.00% 2,786 34.16% 150 1.84%
2008 5,298 62.56% 3,037 35.86% 133 1.57%
2004 6,017 68.10% 2,697 30.53% 121 1.37%
2000 5,188 68.86% 2,212 29.36% 134 1.78%
1996 4,469 56.80% 2,788 35.43% 611 7.77%
1992 4,325 53.26% 2,578 31.74% 1,218 15.00%
1988 4,545 61.07% 2,853 38.34% 44 0.59%
1984 4,985 70.32% 2,072 29.23% 32 0.45%
1980 4,652 66.00% 1,751 24.84% 645 9.15%
1976 3,997 61.15% 2,506 38.34% 33 0.50%
1972 4,231 67.35% 2,037 32.43% 14 0.22%
1968 3,204 61.46% 1,666 31.96% 343 6.58%
1964 2,732 51.18% 2,606 48.82% 0 0.00%
1960 3,320 61.99% 2,036 38.01% 0 0.00%
1956 2,923 63.41% 1,687 36.59% 0 0.00%
1952 2,932 75.86% 933 24.14% 0 0.00%
1948 1,739 61.43% 1,080 38.15% 12 0.42%
1944 1,676 64.12% 938 35.88% 0 0.00%
1940 1,982 59.27% 1,362 40.73% 0 0.00%
1936 1,547 46.71% 1,662 50.18% 103 3.11%
1932 1,374 42.02% 1,852 56.64% 44 1.35%
1928 1,912 61.56% 1,171 37.70% 23 0.74%
1924 1,260 53.21% 325 13.72% 783 33.07%
1920 1,313 68.31% 433 22.53% 176 9.16%
1916 611 51.13% 536 44.85% 48 4.02%
1912 0 0.00% 544 50.51% 533 49.49%
1908 795 66.64% 349 29.25% 49 4.11%
1904 929 72.18% 335 26.03% 23 1.79%
1900 537 65.65% 272 33.25% 9 1.10%
1896 462 58.19% 327 41.18% 5 0.63%
1892 459 62.88% 102 13.97% 169 23.15%


In the South Dakota Senate Hughes is part of the 24th Senate district, which is held by Republican Bob Gray. In the State House Hughes is part of district 24, which is held by Republicans Tad Perry and Mark Venner.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Unorganized territoriesEdit

  • Crow Creek
  • North Hughes
  • West Hughes

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census Results". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 162.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Hughes County SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 44°23′N 99°59′W / 44.39°N 99.99°W / 44.39; -99.99