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Stanley County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,966.[1] Its county seat is Fort Pierre.[2] The county was created in 1873, and was organized in 1890.[3]

Stanley County
Watercolor drawing of Fort Pierre Chouteau. Dated 1854.
Watercolor drawing of Fort Pierre Chouteau. Dated 1854.
Map of South Dakota highlighting Stanley County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°24′N 100°45′W / 44.4°N 100.75°W / 44.4; -100.75
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1873 (created)
1890 (organized)
Named forDavid S. Stanley
SeatFort Pierre
Largest cityFort Pierre
Area
 • Total1,517 sq mi (3,930 km2)
 • Land1,444 sq mi (3,740 km2)
 • Water73 sq mi (190 km2)  4.8%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
3,022
 • Density2.09/sq mi (0.81/km2)
Time zones
western portionUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
eastern portionUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.stanleycounty.org

Stanley County is included in the Pierre, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

Stanley County's northwestern boundary is defined by the Cheyenne River which flows eastward, to discharge into the Missouri River at the most northerly point of Stanley County. From there, the county's northeast boundary is defined by the southeastward-flowing Missouri. The county terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills, carved by drainages. The area is partially devoted to agriculture.[4] The terrain slopes to the east; its highest point is in the SW county corner, at 2,198' (670m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 1,517 square miles (3,930 km2), of which 1,444 square miles (3,740 km2) is land and 73 square miles (190 km2) (4.8%) is water.[6]

The eastern portion of South Dakota's counties (48 of 66) observe Central Time; the western counties (18 of 66) observe Mountain Time. Stanley County is on the western end of counties which observe Central Time, and its residents are split east-west in their time observance.[7] Although Fort Pierre, the seat of Stanley County, is located in the Mountain Time Zone, most residents of the city use Central Time because of close social and economic ties with Pierre, which is located in the Central Time Zone.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[4]Edit

  • Antelope Creek State Game Production Area
  • Antelope Creek State Lakeside Use Area
  • Brush Creek State Game Production Area
  • Chantier Creek State Game Production Area
  • Chantier Creek State Lakeside Use Area
  • Fort George State Game Production Area
  • Fort Pierre National Grassland (part)
  • Foster Bay State Lakeside Use Area
  • Frozen Man Creek State Game Production Area
  • Hayes Lake State Game Production Area
  • Minneconjou State Game Production Area
  • Minneconjou State Lakeside Use Area
  • Oahe Downstream State Recreation Area
  • Schomer Draw State Game Production Area
  • West Shore State Lakeside Use Area

LakesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880793
18901,02829.6%
19001,34130.4%
191014,9751,016.7%
19202,908−80.6%
19302,381−18.1%
19401,959−17.7%
19502,0554.9%
19604,08598.8%
19702,457−39.9%
19802,5333.1%
19902,453−3.2%
20002,77213.0%
20102,9667.0%
Est. 20183,022[8]1.9%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 2,772 people, 1,111 households, and 775 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,277 housing units at an average density of 0.9 per square mile (0.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.04% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 4.91% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,111 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 26.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,170, and the median income for a family was $47,197. Males had a median income of $29,911 versus $20,898 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,300. About 6.60% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,966 people, 1,228 households, and 857 families in the county.[14] The population density was 2.1 inhabitants per square mile (0.81/km2). There were 1,387 housing units at an average density of 1.0 per square mile (0.39/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 90.0% white, 6.6% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 46.4% were German, 12.5% were Irish, 10.8% were English, 10.7% were Norwegian, 8.4% were Czech, 5.0% were Swedish, and 2.5% were American.[16]

Of the 1,228 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.2% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 41.9 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,875 and the median income for a family was $54,722. Males had a median income of $33,929 versus $25,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,435. About 8.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.[17]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

Unincorporated communities[4]Edit

TownshipsEdit

Stanley County has no townships. It is divided into three areas of unorganized territory: Lower Brule, North Stanley, and South Stanley.

In popular cultureEdit

The Triple U Buffalo Ranch in northern Stanley County was used in filming the 1990 movie Dances with Wolves.

Notable residentsEdit

PoliticsEdit

Stanley County have traditionally voted Republican. No Democratic Presidential candidate has won Stanley County since Lyndon Johnson in 1964, whilst Michael Dukakis during the drought-affected 1988 election is the last Democrat to top forty percent.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 73.3% 1,148 21.0% 329 5.7% 90
2012 69.0% 1,063 28.3% 435 2.7% 42
2008 65.5% 1,017 32.8% 510 1.7% 26
2004 69.6% 1,129 28.6% 464 1.9% 30
2000 69.2% 955 29.1% 402 1.7% 24
1996 57.5% 795 32.9% 454 9.6% 133
1992 51.4% 719 30.5% 427 18.1% 253
1988 57.3% 698 41.9% 511 0.8% 10
1984 72.5% 942 27.0% 351 0.5% 6
1980 68.7% 892 26.1% 339 5.2% 68
1976 53.6% 637 46.1% 548 0.3% 4
1972 61.0% 779 38.5% 492 0.6% 7
1968 51.6% 572 39.6% 439 8.8% 98
1964 42.3% 549 57.7% 750
1960 48.2% 678 51.9% 730
1956 50.9% 587 49.1% 567
1952 70.6% 695 29.4% 289
1948 58.9% 522 40.5% 359 0.7% 6
1944 62.1% 384 37.9% 234
1940 55.7% 679 44.3% 541
1936 42.1% 495 53.5% 629 4.4% 52
1932 41.4% 553 56.7% 757 2.0% 26
1928 62.4% 739 36.9% 437 0.7% 8
1924 43.8% 531 20.5% 249 35.6% 432
1920 56.8% 598 37.4% 394 5.8% 61
1916 38.3% 254 57.4% 381 4.4% 29
1912 47.5% 1,051 52.6% 1,164
1908 56.5% 2,313 39.1% 1,598 4.4% 181
1904 56.7% 547 41.1% 396 2.2% 21
1900 49.5% 254 49.1% 252 1.4% 7
1896 38.5% 89 60.6% 140 0.9% 2
1892 49.0% 76 18.7% 29 32.3% 50

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Stanley County SD Google Maps (accessed 8 February 2019)
  5. ^ a b "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 8 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ Map of Time Zone Line through South Dakota (accessed January 30, 2019)
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Andrews, John (May 17, 2016). "Stanley County". South Dakota Magazine.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 44°24′N 100°45′W / 44.40°N 100.75°W / 44.40; -100.75