House of Drăculești

The House of Drăculești (Romanian: [drəkuˈleʃtʲ]) were one of two major rival lines of Wallachian voivodes of the House of Basarab, the other being the House of Dănești.[1] These lines were in constant contest for the throne from the late fourteenth to the early sixteenth centuries. Descendants of the line of Drăculești would eventually come to dominate the principality, until its common rule with Transylvania and Moldavia by Mihai Viteazul in 1600.

Drăculești
Princely noble family
House of Draculesti Arms.svg
Parent familyHouse of Basarab
Country Wallachia
EtymologyDracul ("Dragon")
Founded1390 (1390)
FounderVlad the Dragon
Final rulerAlexandru Coconul or Trașcă Drăculescu
TitlesVoivode of Wallachia, Voivode of Moldavia
DistinctionsOrder of the Dragon
TraditionsRomanian Eastern Orthodoxy
DissolutionAs early as 1632 (1632), as late as the 18th century
Cadet branchesMovilești

EtymologyEdit

The line of the Drăculești began with Vlad II, the Dragon, son of one of the most important rulers of the Basarab dynasty, Mircea the Elder. According to some historians, the name Drăculești is derived from the membership of Vlad II, Dracul (in Old Romanian and related languages, drac meant "dragon") in the Order of the Dragon (founded in 1408 A.D.). The Order's purpose was to make a strong solidarity among Central and South-Eastern Europe's Christians, in their fight against Ottoman and Tartar (from the Golden Horde and Crimean Khanate) Muslims. [2]

Members of the Drăculești lineEdit

Members of the Drăculești line who held the throne of Wallachia include the following:

Ruler Remark
Vlad II, the Dragon 1436–1442, 1443–1447; son of Mircea the Elder
Mircea II 1442; son of Vlad II
Vlad III, Drăculea 1448, 1456–1462, 1476; son of Vlad II
Radu III, the Handsome 1462–1473, 1474; son of Vlad II
Vlad IV, the Monk 1481, 1482–1495; son of Vlad II
Radu IV, the Great 1495–1508; son of Vlad the Monk
Mihnea the Wrongdoer 1508–1509; son of Vlad III
Mircea III, the Dragon 1510; son of Mihnea the Wrongdoer
Vlad V, the Younger 1510–1512; son of Vlad the Monk
Vlad VI (Dragomir the Monk) 1521; son of Vlad the Younger
Radu from Afumați 1522–1523, 1524, 1524–1525, 1525–1529; son of Radu the Great
Radu VI Bădica 1523–1524; son of Radu the Great
Vlad VII, the Drowned 1530–1532; son of Vlad the Younger
Vlad VIII Vintilă from Slatina 1532–1534, 1534–1535; son of Radu the Great
Radu VII Paisie 1534, 1535–1545; son of Radu the Great
Mircea V, the Shepherd 1545–1552, 1553–1554, 1558–1559; son of Radu the Great
Radu VIII Ilie, the Hajduk 1552-1553; son of Radu from Afumați
Pătrașcu the Good 1554–1558; son of Radu Paisie
Petru the Younger 1559–1568; son of Mircea the Shepherd
Alexandru II Mircea 1568–1574, 1574–1577; son of Mircea III, the Dragon
Vintilă of Wallachia 1574; son of Pătrașcu the Good
Mihnea II, the Turned-Turk 1577–1583, 1585–1591; son of Alexandru Mircea
Petru II, Earring 1583–1585; son of Pătrașcu the Good
Mihai II, the Brave[3] 1593–1601; son of Pătrașcu the Good
Nicolae II Pătrașcu 1599-1601; son of Mihai the Brave and co-ruler/ heir
Radu IX Mihnea 1601-1602, 1611, 1611-1616, 1620-1623; son of Mihai the Brave
Alexandru V, the Little Prince 1623-1627; son of Radu Mihnea, the last of Vlad the Impaler's Romanian bloodline [4]
Mihnea III Radu[5] 1658-1659

Trașcă Drăculescu – Wallachian boyar, inhabitant of Oltenia, the "last legitimate" descendent of the dynasty, who died in the 18th century.[6][7]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ C.C. Giurescu, p. 112
  2. ^ „Răstignit între cruci sau viața și după viața lui Vlad Voievod căruia norodul i-au zis Țepeș” (Crucified between crosses or the life of and the time after grand duke Vlad, whom the people called the Impaler), by Vasile Lupașc, vol. I, „Cetatea de scaun” Publishing house, Romania
  3. ^ Prince (or grand duke) of all three principalities: Moldavia, Wallachia and Transylvania (though for the last one, he was made German-Roman governor).
  4. ^ Radu R. Florescu; Raymond T. McNally (29 November 2009). Dracula, Prince of Many Faces: His Life and His Times. Little, Brown. pp. 188–. ISBN 978-0-316-09226-5.
  5. ^ alleged ancestry
  6. ^ Alexandru Osvald, Teodoreanu (26 December 2019). "'Cumplitul Trașcă Drăculescul' (in Romanian)" (PDF). dspace.bcu-iasi.ro. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  7. ^ fictitious character layed out by Romanian writer, columnist and lawyer Păstorel Teodoreanu

SourcesEdit

  • Constantin C.Giurescu – Istoria românilor vol. II, Editura științifică și enciclopedică, București 1976

External linksEdit