Hotteok (Korean호떡; Hanja胡떡, pronounced [ho.t͈ʌk̚]), sometimes called Hoeddeok, is a type of filled pancake; and is a popular street food in South Korea. It originates in Korean Chinese cuisine, when it was first brought into Korea from China during the 19th century.[2]

Hotteok
Hotteok.jpg
TypePancake
Place of originChina / Korea
Created byChinese merchants in Korea[1][2]
Main ingredientsDough: wheat flour, water, milk, sugar, yeast
Filling: brown sugar, honey, peanuts, cinnamon
Hotteok
Hangul
호떡
Hanja
胡떡
Revised Romanizationhotteok
McCune–Reischauerhottŏk
IPAKorean pronunciation: [ho.t͈ʌk̚]

PreparationEdit

The dough for hotteok is made from wheat flour, water, milk, sugar, and yeast. The dough is allowed to rise for several hours. Handful-sized balls of this stiff dough are filled with a sweet mixture, which may contain brown sugar, honey, chopped peanuts, and cinnamon. The filled dough is then placed on a greased griddle, and pressed flat into a large circle, this is done with a stainless steel circle and wooden handle as it cooks.[3][4]

In South Korea, ready-made dry hotteok mix is commercially available in plastic packages. The mix also comes with a filling consisting of brown sugar and ground peanuts or sesame seeds.[5]

HistoryEdit

The hotteok is derived from the tang bing (meaning "sweet pancake" in Chinese).[2] In the 1920s, many Chinese merchants settled in Korea and sold these tang bing. The Koreans called it "hotteok" which means "barbarian's rice cake". As Korea was under Japanese rule, the Japanese called it "shina pan" meaning "Chinese bread".[1]

It is generally believed that the Chinese merchants who immigrated to and settled down in Korea around the late 19th century made and sold hotteok at cheap prices, which helped spread the dish throughout Korea.[1] Unlike many Chinese pancakes, which often contain savory meat fillings, hotteoks usually have been stuffed with sweet fillings, to suit Koreans' culinary tastes.[6]

VarietiesEdit

The types of hotteok have been changing continuously although many favour the traditional cinnamon and peanut filling. Many variations have developed since the early 21st century, such as green tea hotteok,[7] pink bokbunja hotteok, corn hotteok, pizza hotteok and more.[6] Along with that many vendors now sell yachae-hotteok made with japchae and vegetables.[8] Commercially produced hotteok products are developed and sold by companies such as Samyang, Ottogi, and CJ. Such products are designed to be cooked at home.

NutritionEdit

Hotteok is usually eaten during the winter season. Due to its high sugar content, a single hotteok may have as many as 230 calories.[9]

Phrases using hotteokEdit

Koreans say "The hotteok store is burning (호떡집에 불났다.)" to refer to noisy situations. It is believed that the phrase originated from the thought of Chinese merchants arguing over the reason of a fire at their hotteok stall.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d (in Korean) 호떡, 가난한 쿨리의 가장 먹기 편한 음식, The Hankyoreh, 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  2. ^ a b c Krishna, Priya (4 February 2022). "The Warm, Sticky-Sweet Resurgence of Hotteok". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 28 February 2022. Hotteok was brought to the country by Chinese immigrants in the late 19th century, as an adaptation of bing.
  3. ^ (in Korean) Hotteok Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine at The National Institute of the Korean Language Dictionary
  4. ^ (in Korean) Recipe for hotteok at Naver kitchen
  5. ^ (in Korean) Snack mix popularity on the rise, Yonhap News, 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
  6. ^ a b (in Korean) Hotteok, Kyunghyang News, 2003-11-20. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
  7. ^ photo
  8. ^ Maangchi. "Hotteok filled with vegetables & noodles (Yachae-hotteok: 야채호떡) recipe by Maangchi". www.maangchi.com. Retrieved 2021-11-13.
  9. ^ (in Korean) Winter snacks, Kukinews, 2007-01-07.

External linksEdit