|Place of origin||Incheon, South Korea|
|Main ingredients||Dough: wheat flour, water, milk, sugar, yeast|
Filling: brown sugar, honey, peanuts, cinnamon
|IPA||Korean pronunciation: [ho.t͈ʌk̚]|
The dough for hotteok is made from wheat flour, water, milk, sugar, and yeast. The dough is allowed to rise for several hours. Handful-sized balls of this stiff dough are filled with a sweet mixture, which may contain brown sugar, honey, chopped peanuts, and cinnamon. The filled dough is then placed on a greased griddle, and pressed flat into a large circle with a special tool with a stainless steel circle and wooden handle as it cooks.
In the spring of 1927, more than a thousand Chinese laborers landed in Incheon every day. The Chinese who settled in Korea quickly developed the best food to sell to poor customers. One of them was called 'Hotteok' which means 'barbarian's rice cake'. When Korea was under Japanese rule, the Japanese called it 'Jina Bread' meaning "Chinese bread".
The types of hotteok have been changing continuously although many favour the traditional cinnamon and peanut filling. Many variations have developed since the early 21st century, such as green tea hotteok, pink bokbunja hotteok, corn hotteok, pizza hotteok and more. Commercially produced hotteok products are developed and sold by companies such as Samyang, Ottogi, and CJ. Such products are designed to be cooked at home.
Hotteok is usually eaten during the winter season. Due to its high sugar content, a single hotteok may have as many as 230 calories.
Phrases using hotteokEdit
Koreans say "The hotteok store is burning (호떡집에 불났다.)" to refer to noisy situations. It is believed that the origin of this phrase is that Chinese merchants were considered to be very noisy by Koreans. If their Hotteok stores were burning, the merchants would have been talking to each other about the reason of fire, or the accidents, in the tonal Chinese language.
- (in Korean) Hotteok Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine at The National Institute of the Korean Language Dictionary
- (in Korean) Recipe for hotteok at Naver kitchen
- (in Korean) Snack mix popularity on the rise, Yonhap News, 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- (in Korean) Hotteok, Kyunghyang News, 2003-11-20. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- (in Korean) Winter snacks, Kukinews, 2007-01-07.
- (in Korean) 호떡, 가난한 쿨리의 가장 먹기 편한 음식, The Hankyoreh, 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
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