Hokkaido proportional representation block

  (Redirected from Hokkaidō PR block)

The Hokkaidō proportional representation block (比例[代表]北海道ブロック, Hirei [daihyō] Hokkaidō burokku) or in official usage the "Hokkaidō electoral district" (北海道選挙区, Hokkaidō senkyo-ku) is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) blocks for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of Hokkaidō and is one of two PR blocks that covers only one prefecture, the other being Tokyo. Following the introduction of proportional voting, it elected nine representatives in the election of 1996. Since 2000, the Hokkaidō PR block has been represented by eight representatives.

Hokkaidō Proportional Representation Block
Parliamentary constituency
for the Japanese House of Representatives

House of Representives Japan Proportional Blocks.svg

Pfeil links unten rot.svg
Map of House of Representatives proportional blocks, with an arrow pointing to the Hokkaidō block
PrefectureHokkaidō
Electorate4,537,448
Current constituency
Created1994
Number of membersEight

Summary of resultsEdit

With eight seats, Hokkaidō is the second-smallest PR block (Shikoku has only six seats), and the vote share needed to gain a seat is usually above ten percent. In 2000, when the combined vote of the two major parties reached a low of 56.8%, the Social Democratic Party managed to obtain a seat with only 8.9% of the vote (for a detailed explanation, see D'Hondt method).

In addition to the five national parties that emerged from the party realignments of the 1990s, the regionalist one-man party New Party Daichi has become a contender for PR seats in Hokkaidō. In the first three elections in which it fielded candidates, it managed to obtain the third-largest vote share and one seat. In 2012, the Liberal Democratic Party became first party in the Hokkaidō proportional election for the first time, and has narrowly held onto that position in 2014 and 2017.

general election LDP DPJ ('96–'14)/
CDPJ ('17)
Kōmeitō JCP SDP NPD NFP ('96)/LP ('00)/
TPJ ('12)/LP ('17)
JRP ('12)/JIP ('14)/
JRP ('17)
YP ('12)/
Kibō ('17)
Others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1996 740,677 28.2 3 835,042 31.8 3 396,923 15.1 1 552,847 21.1 2 100,807 3.8 0
2000 735,318 25.6 2 898,678 31.2 3 368,198 12.8 1 365,061 12.7 1 255,319 8.9 1 236,301 8.2 0 17,987 0.6 0
2003 876,653 31.0 3 1,153,471 40.8 4 394,843 14.0 1 253,442 9.0 0 147,146 5.2 0
2005 940,705 29.1 3 1,090,727 33.8 3 368,552 11.4 1 241,371 7.5 0 152,646 4.7 0 433,938 13.4 1
2009 805,895 24.2 2 1,348,318 40.6 4 354,886 10.7 1 241,345 7.3 0 113,562 3.4 0 433,122 13.0 1 27,675 0.8 0
2012 692,304 26.4 3 477,356 18.2 2 289,011 11.0 1 182,968 7.0 0 48,351 1.8 0 346,848 13.2 1 81,838 3.1 0 333,760 12.7 1 155,522 5.9 0 10,506 0.4 0
2014 744,748 29.8 3 688,922 27.6 2 307,534 12.3 1 302,251 12.1 1 53,604 2.1 0 247,342 9.9 1 155,463 6.2 0
2017[1] 779,903 28.8 3 714,032 26.4 3 298,573 11.0 1 230,316 8.5 0 37,374 1.4 0 226,552 8.4 0 74,701 2.8 0 331,463 12.2 1 13,983 0.5 0

Party names are abbreviated as follows (format: abbreviation, translated name, Japanese name, Engrish name):

List of representativesEdit

Elected Representatives
Term 1996-2000 2000-03 2003-05 2005-09 2009-12 2012-14 2014-17 2017-present
Rep.
Party
Kaori Maruya
NFP
Kaori Maruya
Komeito (from 1998)
Hisashi Inatsu
Komeito
Hidemichi Satō
Komeito
Rep.
Party
Kenji Kodama
JCP
Hiroko Nakano
DPJ
Seiji Ōsaka
DPJ
Hiroko Nakano
DPJ
Takahiro Yokomichi
DPJ
Kazuya Hatayama
JCP
Hiroshi Kamiya
CDP
Rep.
Party
Seiichi Kaneda
DPJ
Chiyomi Kobayashi
DPJ
Satoshi Arai (resigned 2007)
DPJ
Tomohiro Ishikawa
DPJ
Maya Yamazaki
DPJ
Satoshi Arai
DPJ
Satoshi Arai
DP (from 2016)
Maki Ikeda
CDP
Rep.
Party
Seiichi Ikehata
DPJ
Wakio Mitsui
DPJ
Kenkō Matsuki
DPJ
Tatsumaru Yamaoka
DPJ
Miho Takahashi
JRP
Miho Takahashi
JIP (from 2014)
Takako Suzuki
DPJ
Takako Suzuki
Ind. (from 2016)
Hiranao Honda
CDP
Rep.
Party
Kenji Nakazawa
DPJ
Hidenori Sasaki
DPJ
Takamori Yoshikawa
LDP
Hitomi Kudō
DPJ
Shigeaki Katsunuma
LDP
Kenkō Matsuki
JIP
Kenkō Matsuki
DP (from 2016)
Tatsumaru Yamaoka
Kibō
Rep.
Party
Toshiyuki Wanibuchi
NFP
Toshiyuki Wanibuchi
Lib. (from 1998)
Keiko Yamauchi
SDP
Eikō Kaneta
LDP
Yukari Iijima
LDP
Nobutaka Machimura (resigned 2010)
LDP
Hiroshi Imazu
LDP
Kōichi Watanabe
LDP
Rep.
Party
Muneo Suzuki
LDP
Muneo Suzuki
Ind. (resigned from LDP, 2002)
Gaku Ishizaki
LDP
Hiroshi Imazu
LDP
Tsutomu Takebe
LDP
Seiichi Shimizu
LDP
Hiroshi Imazu
LDP
Takako Suzuki
LDP
Rep.
Party
Takamori Yoshikawa
LDP
Hirofumi Iwakura
LDP
Takafumi Yamashita
LDP
Muneo Suzuki (arrested 2010)
NPD
Takahiro Asano
NPD
Tomohiro Ishikawa (resigned 2013)
NPD
Takako Suzuki
NPD
Kazuo Maeda
LDP
Toshimitsu Funahashi
LDP
Rep.
Party
Kōkō Satō
LDP
Seat abolished

Recent resultsEdit

2017Edit

  • #: List rank assigned by the party
  • District column: For double candidates who concurrently ran in a single-member electoral district, the district column contains the electoral district where they stood and the sekihairitsu (lit. "narrow defeat ratio"), the ratio of margin of defeat. It determines the ranking of candidates who are put on the same list rank by their party.
  • (in parentheses): Double candidates who are not eligible for election in the proportional block either because they won their district races or were disqualified for having received less than 10% of the vote in the district race (the same threshold as for losing the deposit in the single-member district election)
Hokkaidō block results in the 2017 general House of Representatives election[2][3]
# Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status
LDP: 779,903 votes (28.8%), 3 seats CDP: 714,032 votes (26.4%), 3 seats Kibō: 331,463 votes (12.2%), 1 seat
1 Kōichi Watanabe Elected 1 Hiroshi Kamiya Hokkaidō 10 (99.4%) Elected 1 Tatsumaru Yamaoka Hokkaidō 9 (81.2%) Elected
2 Takako Suzuki Elected Maki Ikeda Hokkaidō 5 (95.3%) Elected Kenkō Matsuki Hokkaidō 2 (70.9%)
3 Toshimitsu Funahashi Hokkaidō 1 (87.0%) Elected Hiranao Honda Hokkaidō 4 (87.1%) Elected Mika Mizukami Hokkaidō 12 (60.1%)
Hirohisa Takagi Hokkaidō 3 (83.9%) (Daiki Michishita) Hokkaidō 1 (won) Miho Takahashi Hokkaidō 4 (30.6%)
Hiroshi Imazu Hokkaidō 6 (83.5%) (Satoshi Arai) Hokkaidō 3 (won) 5 Kazuko Aoki
Yūko Nakagawa Hokkaidō 11 (83.5%) (Kaori Ishikawa) Hokkaidō 11 (won) 6 Shinji Miyoshi
Kazuo Maeda Hokkaidō 8 (80.4%) 7 Maya Yamazaki JCP: 230,316 votes (8.5%), 0 seats
(Takamori Yoshikawa) Hokkaidō 2 (won) NPD: 226,552 votes (8.4%), 0 seats 1 Kazuya Hatayama
(Hiroyuki Nakamura) Hokkaidō 4 (won) 1 Muneo Suzuki 2 Ryūji Kawabe
(Yoshiaki Wada) Hokkaidō 5 (won) 2 Chisato Abe 3 Masatoshi Kanekura Hokkaidō 2 (50.2%)
(Yoshitaka Itō) Hokkaidō 7 (won) JRP: 74,701 votes (2.8%), 0 seats 4 Katsumi Honma
(Manabu Horii) Hokkaidō 9 (won) 1 (Yasufumi Kowada) Hokkaidō 2 (20.6%) 2 Akiko Hondō
(Arata Takebe) Hokkaidō 12 (won) 2 Akira Satō HRP: 13,983 votes (0.5%), 0 seats
14 Seiichi Shimizu SDP: 53,604 votes (2.1%), 0 seats 1 Hiroshi Noichi
15 Chikako Kanazawa 1 Kinuko Toyomaki 2 Hideo Nakajima
Kōmeitō: 298,573 votes (11.0%), 1 seat
1 Hidemichi Satō Elected
2 Hisayuki Takeda

2014Edit

  • #: List rank assigned by the party
  • District column: For double candidates who concurrently ran in a single-member electoral district, the district column contains the electoral district where they stood and the sekihairitsu (lit. "narrow defeat ratio"), the ratio of margin of defeat. It determines the ranking of candidates who are put on the same list rank by their party.
  • (in parentheses): Double candidates who are not eligible for election in the proportional block either because they won their district races or were disqualified for having received less than 10% of the vote in the district race (the same threshold as for losing the deposit in the single-member district election)
Hokkaidō block results in the 2014 general House of Representatives election[4]
# Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status
LDP: 744,748 votes (29.8%), 3 seats DPJ: 688,922 votes (27.6%), 2 seats Kōmeitō: 307,534 votes (12.3%), 1 seat
1 Kōichi Watanabe Elected 1 Takako Suzuki Hokkaidō 7 (99.7%) Elected 1 Hidemichi Satō Elected
2 (Takamori Yoshikawa) Hokkaidō 2 (won) 2 (Takahiro Yokomichi) Hokkaidō 1 (won) 2 Hisayuki Takeda
(Hirohisa Takagi) Hokkaidō 3 (won) (Takahiro Sasaki) Hokkaidō 6 (won) JCP: 302,251 votes (12.1%), 1 seat
(Hiroyuki Nakamura) Hokkaidō 4 (won) (Seiji Ōsaka) Hokkaidō 8 (won) 1 Kazuya Hatayama Elected
(Nobutaka Machimura) Hokkaidō 5 (won) Satoshi Arai Hokkaidō 3 (92.3%) Elected 2 Masatoshi Kanakura Hokkaidō 2 (40.9%)
(Yoshitaka Itō) Hokkaidō 7 (won) Yoshio Hachiro Hokkaidō 4 (90.1%) JIP: 247,342 votes (9.9%), 1 seat
(Manabu Horii) Hokkaidō 9 (won) Tatsumaru Yamaoka Hokkaidō 9 (88.1%) 1 Kenkō Matsuki Hokkaidō 2 (63.5%) Elected
(Yūko Nakagawa) Hokkaidō 11 (won) Hiroshi Kamiya Hokkaidō 10 (82.1%) Yasufumi Kowada Hokkaidō 3 (28.2%)
(Arata Takebe) Hokkaidō 12 (won) Kenji Katsube Hokkaidō 5 (72.2%) 3 Tomokazu Ōtake
Hiroshi Imazu Hokkaidō 6 (97.2%) Elected Takeo Mitsu Hokkaidō 11 (70.4%) Support no Party: 104,854 votes (4.2%), no seat
Kazuo Maeda Hokkaidō 8 (93.4%) Elected Mika Mizukami Hokkaidō 12 (67.1%) 1 Hidemitsu Sano
Toshimitsu Funahashi Hokkaidō 1 (90.9%) SDP: 53,604 votes (2.1%), no seat 2 Akiko Hondō
13 Seiichi Shimizu 1 Minoru Michibayashi HRP: 12,267 votes (0.5%), no seat
14 Chikako Kanazawa PFG: 38,342 votes (1.5%), no seat 1 Yoshinori Moruyama
15 Kuniyoshi Azuma 1 Satoshi Yasuda 2 Yūichi Seto

2012Edit

  • #: List rank assigned by the party
  • District column: For double candidates who concurrently ran in a single-member electoral district, the district column contains the electoral district where they stood and the sekihairitsu (lit. "narrow defeat ratio"), the ratio of margin of defeat. It determines the ranking of candidates who are put on the same list rank by their party.
  • (in parentheses): Double candidates who are not eligible for election in the proportional block either because they won their district races or were disqualified (for having received less than 10% of the vote in the district race)
Hokkaidō block results in the 2012 general House of Representatives election[5]
# Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status
LDP: 692,304 votes (26.4%), 3 seats DPJ: 477,356 votes (18.2%), 2 seats NPD: 346,848 votes (13.2%), 1 seat
1 Kōichi Watanabe Elected 1 Takahiro Yokomichi Hokkaidō 1 (92.9%) Elected 1 Tomohiro Ishikawa Hokkaidō 11 (80.8%) Elected
Resigned in 2013
2 (Toshifumi Funahashi) Hokkaidō 1 (won) Satoshi Arai Hokkaidō 3 (73.1%) Elected Takako Suzuki Hokkaidō 7 (69.9%) Elected in 2013
(Takamori Yoshikawa) Hokkaidō 2 (won) Seiji Ōsaka Hokkaidō 8 (71.7%) Kenkō Matsuki Hokkaidō 12 (58.0%)
(Hirohisa Takagi) Hokkaidō 3 (won) Tadamasa Kodaira Hokkaidō 10 (71.6%) Hiroyasu Shimizu Hokkaidō 1 (52.1%)
(Hiroyuki Nakamura) Hokkaidō 4 (won) Takahiro Sasaki Hokkaidō 6 (67.2%) Takahiro Asano Hokkaidō 10 (45.2%)
(Nobutaka Machimura) Hokkaidō 5 (won) Yoshio Hachiro Hokkaidō 4 (66.8%) Junko Machikawa Hokkaidō 3 (35.1%)
(Hiroshi Imazu) Hokkaidō 6 (won) Wakio Mitsui Hokkaidō 2 (66.4%) Hideto Tomabechi Hokkaidō 4 (32.3%)
(Yoshitaka Itō) Hokkaidō 7 (won) Shigeyuki Nakamae Hokkaidō 5 (53.7%) JRP: 333,760 votes (12.7%), 1 seat
(Kazuo Maeda) Hokkaidō 8 (won) Tatsumaru Yamaoka Hokkaidō 9 (50.8%) 1 Miho Takahashi Hokkaidō 2 (56.4%) Elected
(Manabu Horii) Hokkaidō 9 (won) Hiroko Nakano Hokkaidō 7 (29.4%) Tomokazu Ōtake Hokkaidō 1 (54.2%)
(Yūko Nakagawa) Hokkaidō 11 (won) Maya Yamazaki Hokkaidō 12 (27.9%) Yasufumi Kowada Hokkaidō 3 (40.6%)
(Arata Takebe) Hokkaidō 12 (won) NK: 289,011 votes (11.0%), 1 seat 4 Chitoku Yonenaga
13 Seiichi Shimizu Elected 1 Hidemichi Satō Elected JCP: 182,968 votes (7.0%), no seat
14 Shigeaki Katsunuma Elected 2 Hisayuki Takeda 1 Kazuya Hatayama
15 Atsuko Ōkoshi YP: 155,522 votes (5.9%), no seat 2 (Hiroyuki Norota) Hokkaidō 1 (22.5%) DQ
TPJ: 81,838 votes (3.1%), no seat 1 Takanobu Azuma Hokkaidō 6 (47.2%) SDP: 48,351 votes (1.8%), no seat
1 Mika Kitade Hokkaidō 8 (23.9%) Yūji Nishida Hokkaidō 5 (31.9%) 1 Takao Asano
HRP: 10,506 votes (0.4%), no seat Ryūji Sawada Hokkaidō 2 (29.4%)
1 Ichirō Kojima
2 Kenjirō Sumi

2009Edit

Hokkaidō block results in the 2009 general election[6][7]
LDP: 805,895 votes (24.2%), 2 seats DPJ: 1,348,318 votes (40.6%), 4 seats Kōmeitō: 354,886 votes (10.7%), 1 seat
# Candidate District "Loss ratio"
(sekihairitsu)
Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
1 Tsutomu Takebe Hokkaidō 12 88.6% Elected 1 Hiroko Nakano Hokkaidō 7 99.0% Elected 1 Hisashi Inatsu PR only Elected
Nobutaka Machimura Hokkaidō 5 82.7% Elected Takahiro Yokomichi Hokkaidō 1 Won district 2 Hisayuki Takeda
Yoshitaka Itō Hokkaidō 7 Won district Wakio Mitsui Hokkaidō 2 Won district NPD: 433,122 votes (13.0%), 1 seat
Shōichi Nakagawa Hokkaidō 11 75.6% (died) Gaku Ishizaki Hokkaidō 3 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Hiroshi Imazu Hokkaidō 6 68.2% (in 2010) Yoshio Hachiro Hokkaidō 4 Won district 1 Muneo Suzuki PR only Elected
Gaku Hasegawa Hokkaidō 1 67.8% Chiyomi Kobayashi Hokkaidō 5 Won district 2 Eita Yashiro (DQ)
Gaku Ishizaki Hokkaidō 3 60.6% Takahiro Sasaki Hokkaidō 6 Won district 3 Takahiro Asano (in 2010)
Takamori Yoshikawa Hokkaidō 2 56.7% Seiji Ōsaka Hokkaidō 8 Won district 4 Junko Hana
Yukari Iijima Hokkaidō 10 55.9% Tadamasa Kodaira Hokkaidō 10 Won district JCP: 241,345 votes (7.3%), no seat
Tōru Miyamoto Hokkaidō 4 50.1% Tomohiro Ishikawa Hokkaidō 11 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Satoshi Kawabata Hokkaidō 9 39.2% Tsutomu Takebe Hokkaidō 12 Won district 1 Satoshi Miyauchi PR only
Keishirō Fukushima Hokkaidō 8 33.9% 12 Maya Yamazaki PR only Elected 2 Chiharu Oka Hokkaidō 2 16.6%
13 Takahiro Anada PR only 13 Tatsumaru Yamaoka Elected Kazutoshi Ogiu Hokkaidō 6 10.1%
14 Shin'ya Numazawa 14 Hitomi Kudō Elected Akiko Satō Hokkaidō 9 10.0%
15 Fumitaka Uechi 15 Masanori Sekifuji Yukari Watanabe Hokkaidō 1 9.3%
SDP: 113,562 votes (3.4%), no seat HRP: 20,276 votes (0.6%), no seat Honshitsu: 7,399 votes (0.2%), no seat
# Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
1 Taka Yamaguchi PR only 1 Naofumi Satō PR only 1 Hidemitsu Sano PR only
2 Yumi Honda Hokkaidō 2 8.7% 2 Tomoo Kobayashi 2 Akiko Hondō

ReferencesEdit