Hokkaido 11th district
Hokkaidō 11th district (北海道[第]11区, Hokkaidō-[dai-]jūikku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in southeastern Hokkaidō and consists of the city of Obihiro and the surrounding Tokachi Subprefecture. As of 2016, 291,852 eligible voters were registered in the district. The district is the country's second largest in terms of area after the neighbouring 12th district.
|Hokkaidō 11th District|
for the Japanese House of Representatives
Numbered map of Hokkaidō Prefecture single-member districts
|Party||Constitutional Democratic Party|
|Created from||Hokkaidō's 5th "medium-sized" district|
|Municipalities||Obihiro and Tokachi Subprefecture|
The district has been represented by Kaori Ishikawa of the Constitutional Democratic Party since the 2017 general election, when she defeated the incumbent member Yūko Nakagawa from the Liberal Democratic Party. Both are incidentally the spouse of former members of the district. Ishikawa is the wife of Tomohiro Ishikawa, who was an MP for the district from 2009 until his defeat to Yūko Nakagawa in the 2012 general election. Nakagawa is the wife of former member and Finance Minister Shōichi Nakagawa.
The 11th district and its predecessor had been long dubbed as the "Nakagawa Kingdom" due to continuous winning streak by politicians from the Nakagawa family in the district. The district (when still part of the medium-sized 5th district) was won seven consecutive times from 1963 by former minister and LDP heavyweight Ichirō Nakagawa. After Nakagawa's suicide in 1983, his son Shōichi won the district in the subsequent by-election. Shōichi continued to hold the district after the 1996 electoral reforms that introduced parallel voting and smaller single-member districts. He won the district for a total of eight consecutive times until the 2009 general election. Nakagawa was defeated by DPJ candidate Tomohiro Ishikawa, ending his family's 46-year dominance in the district. He took his own life in October the same year. His widow, Yūko managed to regain the district in the 2012 election, holding it until her defeat in 2017 to Tomohiro's wife Kaori.
List of representativesEdit
|Shōichi Nakagawa||LDP||1996 – 2009||Also lost in the PR block|
|Tomohiro Ishikawa||DPJ||2009 – 2010|
|Ind||2010 – 2011|
|NPD||2011 – 2012|
|Yūko Nakagawa||LDP||2012 – 2017||Also lost in the PR block|
|Kaori Ishikawa||CDP||2017 –||Incumbent|
|Constitutional Democratic||Kaori Ishikawa[note 1]||98,214||54.47||17.66|
|Liberal Democratic||Yūko Nakagawa (endorsed by Kōmeitō and NPD)||82,096||45.53||6.69|
|Constitutional Democratic gain from Liberal Democratic||Swing||12.18|
|Liberal Democratic||Yūko Nakagawa||87,118||52.22||1.23|
|Democratic||Takeo Mitsu[note 2]||61,405||36.81||4.42|
|Liberal Democratic hold||Swing||2.84|
|Liberal Democratic||Yūko Nakagawa||86,719||50.99||10.09|
|New Party Daichi||Tomohiro Ishikawa (elected by PR)||70,112||41.23||12.80|
|Liberal Democratic gain from New Party Daichi||Swing||11.45|
|Liberal Democratic||Shōichi Nakagawa||89,818||40.90||10.61|
|Democratic gain from Liberal Democratic||Swing||11.96|
|Liberal Democratic||Shōichi Nakagawa||107,506||51.51|
|Liberal Democratic||Shōichi Nakagawa||112,210||62.0|
|Social Democratic||Keiko Yamauchi||52,395||29.0|
|Liberal Democratic||Shōichi Nakagawa||112,297||57.7|
|Liberal Democratic||Shōichi Nakagawa||97,428||53.5|
- The CDP is the successor party of the DPJ in this district, therefore the voting figures of the DPJ candidate in the previous election are used as a reference.
- The DPJ is the successor party of the NPD in this district, therefore the voting figures of the NPD candidate in the previous election are used as a reference.
- Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC):  (in Japanese)
- Ryall, Julian (15 June 2016). "Booze, prostitutes, gangsters and gaffes: why Japan's politicians have had to fall on their swords". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- 小選挙区開票速報：北海道（定数12） (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- 小選挙区：北海道 - 開票速報 - 2014総選挙: 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- 第46回総選挙>小選挙区開票速報：北海道 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- 小選挙区開票結果ー北海道１１区 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- ２００５総選挙>小選挙区開票結果ー北海道１１区 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.