Hokkaido 11th district

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Hokkaidō 11th district (北海道[第]11区, Hokkaidō-[dai-]jūikku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in southeastern Hokkaidō and consists of the city of Obihiro and the surrounding Tokachi Subprefecture. As of 2016, 291,852 eligible voters were registered in the district.[1] The district is the country's second largest in terms of area after the neighbouring 12th district.

Hokkaidō 11th District
Parliamentary constituency
for the Japanese House of Representatives
衆議院小選挙区 北海道2.svg
Numbered map of Hokkaidō Prefecture single-member districts
PrefectureHokkaidō
Proportional DistrictHokkaidō
Electorate291,852 (2016)
Current constituency
Created1994
SeatsOne
PartyConstitutional Democratic Party
RepresentativeKaori Ishikawa
Created fromHokkaidō's 5th "medium-sized" district
MunicipalitiesObihiro and Tokachi Subprefecture

The district has been represented by Kaori Ishikawa of the Constitutional Democratic Party since the 2017 general election, when she defeated the incumbent member Yūko Nakagawa from the Liberal Democratic Party. Both are incidentally the spouse of former members of the district. Ishikawa is the wife of Tomohiro Ishikawa, who was an MP for the district from 2009 until his defeat to Yūko Nakagawa in the 2012 general election. Nakagawa is the wife of former member and Finance Minister Shōichi Nakagawa.

BackgroundEdit

The 11th district and its predecessor had been long dubbed as the "Nakagawa Kingdom" due to continuous winning streak by politicians from the Nakagawa family in the district. The district (when still part of the medium-sized 5th district) was won seven consecutive times from 1963 by former minister and LDP heavyweight Ichirō Nakagawa. After Nakagawa's suicide in 1983, his son Shōichi won the district in the subsequent by-election. Shōichi continued to hold the district after the 1996 electoral reforms that introduced parallel voting and smaller single-member districts. He won the district for a total of eight consecutive times until the 2009 general election. Nakagawa was defeated by DPJ candidate Tomohiro Ishikawa, ending his family's 46-year dominance in the district. He took his own life in October the same year.[2] His widow, Yūko managed to regain the district in the 2012 election, holding it until her defeat in 2017 to Tomohiro's wife Kaori.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Dates Notes
Shōichi Nakagawa LDP 1996 – 2009 Also lost in the PR block
Tomohiro Ishikawa DPJ 2009 – 2010
Ind 2010 – 2011
NPD 2011 – 2012
Yūko Nakagawa LDP 2012 – 2017 Also lost in the PR block
Kaori Ishikawa CDP 2017 – Incumbent

Election resultsEdit

2017[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Constitutional Democratic Kaori Ishikawa[note 1] 98,214 54.47  17.66
Liberal Democratic Yūko Nakagawa (endorsed by Kōmeitō and NPD) 82,096 45.53  6.69
Majority 16,105 8.94
Turnout 63.79  4.15
Constitutional Democratic gain from Liberal Democratic Swing  12.18
2014[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Yūko Nakagawa 87,118 52.22  1.23
Democratic Takeo Mitsu[note 2] 61,405 36.81  4.42
Communist Yōsuke Hatanaka 18,303 10.97  3.19
Majority 25,713 15.41
Turnout 59.64  1.35
Liberal Democratic hold Swing  2.84
2012[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Yūko Nakagawa 86,719 50.99  10.09
New Party Daichi Tomohiro Ishikawa (elected by PR) 70,112 41.23  12.80
Communist Yukari Watanabe 13,235 7.78  2.71
Majority 16,607 9.76
Turnout 60.99
Liberal Democratic gain from New Party Daichi Swing  11.45
2009[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Tomohiro Ishikawa 118,655 54.03  13.31
Liberal Democratic Shōichi Nakagawa 89,818 40.90  10.61
Communist Yukari Watanabe 11,140 5.07  2.70
Majority 28,847 13.13
Democratic gain from Liberal Democratic Swing  11.96
2005[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Shōichi Nakagawa 107,506 51.51
Democratic Tomohiro Ishikawa 84,626 40.72
Communist Akio Hasebe 16,145 7.77
2003
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Shōichi Nakagawa 112,210 62.0
Social Democratic Keiko Yamauchi 52,395 29.0
Communist Akio Hasebe 16,235 9.0
2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Shōichi Nakagawa 112,297 57.7
Democratic Motoko Ideta 57,486 29.6
Communist Sōji Asanuma 24,717 12.7
1996
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Shōichi Nakagawa 97,428 53.5
Democratic Ryūji Ikemoto 67,250 37.0
Communist Itoe Satō 17,319 9.5

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The CDP is the successor party of the DPJ in this district, therefore the voting figures of the DPJ candidate in the previous election are used as a reference.
  2. ^ The DPJ is the successor party of the NPD in this district, therefore the voting figures of the NPD candidate in the previous election are used as a reference.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC): [1] (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Ryall, Julian (15 June 2016). "Booze, prostitutes, gangsters and gaffes: why Japan's politicians have had to fall on their swords". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  3. ^ 小選挙区開票速報:北海道(定数12) (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  4. ^ 小選挙区:北海道 - 開票速報 - 2014総選挙: 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  5. ^ 第46回総選挙>小選挙区開票速報:北海道 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  6. ^ 小選挙区開票結果ー北海道11区 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  7. ^ 2005総選挙>小選挙区開票結果ー北海道11区 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 30 November 2017.