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Minister of Finance (Japan)

The Minister of Finance (財務大臣, Zaimu Daijin) is the member of the Cabinet of Japan in charge of the Ministry of Finance. This position was formerly cited as being Japan's most powerful and one of the world's, because Japan had historically held the largest foreign exchange reserves. It seems that title has been passed to Bank of Japan governors, due to Japan's position as the world's largest and lowest rate creditor.

Until 2001, the position was known in Japanese literally as "Treasury Minister" (大蔵大臣, Ōkura Daijin), but the English name was "Minister of Finance" both before and after the name change in Japanese.

List of ministersEdit

Prewar (1900–1946)Edit

# Name Took office Left office
1 Watanabe Kunitake 1900 1901
2 Saionji Kinmochi 1901 1901
3 Sone Arasuke 1901 1906
4 Yoshiro Sakatani 1906 1908
5 Masahisa Matsuda 1908 1908
6 Katsura Tarō 1908 1911
7 Yamamoto Tatsuo 1911 1912
8 Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1st)
1912 1913
9 Takahashi Korekiyo
(1st)
1913 1914
8 Wakatsuki Reijirō
(2nd)
1914 1915
10 Taketomi Tokitoshi 1915 1916
11 Terauchi Masatake 1916 1916
12 Kazue Shōda
(1st)
1916 1918
9 Takahashi Korekiyo
(2nd)
1918 1922
13 Otohiko Ichiki 1922 1923
14 Junnosuke Inoue
(1st)
1923 1924
12 Kazue Shōda
(2nd)
1924 1924
15 Osachi Hamaguchi 1924 1925
16 Seiji Hayami 1925 1925
17 Kataoka Naoharu 1925 1927
9 Takahashi Korekiyo
(3rd)
1927 1927
18 Chuzo Mitsuchi 1927 1929
14 Junnosuke Inoue
(2nd)
1929 1931
9 Takahashi Korekiyo
(4th)
1931 1934
19 Sadanobu Fujii 1934 1934
9 Takahashi Korekiyo
(5th)
1934 1936
20 Machida Chūji 1936 1936
21 Eiichi Baba 1936 1937
22 Toyotaro Yuki[1] 1937 1937
23 Okinori Kaya
(1st)
1937 1938
24 Shigeaki Ikeda 1938 1939
25 Sotaro Ishiwata
(1st)
1939 1939
26 Kazuo Aoki 1939 1940
27 Yukio Sakurauchi 1940 1940
28 Isao Kawada 1940 1941
29 Masatsune Ogura 1941 1941
23 Okinori Kaya
(2nd)
1941 1944
25 Sotaro Ishiwata
(2nd)
1944 1945
30 Juichi Tsushima 1945 1945
31 Keizō Shibusawa 1945 1946

Postwar (1946–present)Edit

  Liberal (1945)
  Socialist
  Ryokufūkai
  Democratic (1947)
  Democratic Liberal
  Liberal (1950)
  Independent
  Democratic (1954)
  Liberal Democratic
  Japan New Party
  New Party Sakigake
  Japan Renewal Party
  Democratic

Finance Minister Term of office Prime Minister
# Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
32   Tanzan Ishibashi May 22, 1946 May 24, 1947 367 Shigeru Yoshida
-   Tetsu Katayama
(Acting)
May 24, 1947 June 1, 1947 8 Tetsu Katayama
33   Shōtarō Yano June 1, 1947 June 25, 1947 24
34   Takeo Kurusu June 25, 1947 March 10, 1948 259
35   Tokutarō Kitamura March 10, 1948 October 15, 1948 223 Hitoshi Ashida
36   Sanroku Izumiyama October 19, 1948 December 14, 1948 56 Shigeru Yoshida
37   Shinzō Ōya
(Interim)
December 14, 1948 February 16, 1949 64
38   Hayato Ikeda February 16, 1949 October 30, 1952 1352
39   Tadaharu Mukai October 30, 1952 May 21, 1953 203
40   Sankurō Ogasawara May 21, 1953 December 10, 1954 568
41 Hisato Ichimada December 10, 1954 November 22, 1955 744 Ichirō Hatoyama
November 22, 1955 December 23, 1956
(38)   Hayato Ikeda December 23, 1956 July 10, 1957 199 Tanzan Ishibashi
Nobusuke Kishi
(41) Hisato Ichimada July 10, 1957 June 12, 1958 337
42   Eisaku Satō June 12, 1958 July 19, 1960 768
43   Mikio Mizuta July 19, 1960 July 18, 1962 729 Hayato Ikeda
44   Kakuei Tanaka July 18, 1962 June 3, 1965 1051
Eisaku Satō
45   Takeo Fukuda June 3, 1965 December 3, 1966 548
(43)   Mikio Mizuta December 3, 1966 November 30, 1968 728
(45)   Takeo Fukuda November 30, 1968 July 5, 1971 947
(43)   Mikio Mizuta July 5, 1971 July 7, 1972 368
46   Koshiro Ueki July 7, 1972 December 22, 1972 168 Kakuei Tanaka
47   Kiichi Aichi December 22, 1972 November 23, 1973 336
(45)   Takeo Fukuda November 25, 1973 July 16, 1974 233
48   Masayoshi Ōhira July 16, 1974 December 24, 1976 892
Takeo Miki
49   Hideo Bo December 24, 1976 November 28, 1977 339 Takeo Fukuda
50   Tatsuo Murayama November 28, 1977 December 7, 1978 374
51   Ippei Kaneko December 7, 1978 November 9, 1979 337 Masayoshi Ōhira
52   Noboru Takeshita November 9, 1979 July 17, 1980 251
53   Michio Watanabe July 17, 1980 November 27, 1982 863 Zenkō Suzuki
(52)   Noboru Takeshita November 27, 1982 July 22, 1986 1333 Yasuhiro Nakasone
54   Kiichi Miyazawa July 22, 1986 December 9, 1988 871
Noboru Takeshita
(52)   Noboru Takeshita
(Acting)
December 9, 1988 December 27, 1988 18
(50)   Tatsuo Murayama December 27, 1988 August 10, 1989 226
Sosuke Uno
55   Ryutaro Hashimoto August 10, 1989 October 14, 1991 795 Toshiki Kaifu
-   Toshiki Kaifu
(Acting)
October 14, 1991 November 5, 1991 22
56   Tsutomu Hata November 5, 1991 December 12, 1992 403 Kiichi Miyazawa
57   Yoshiro Hayashi December 12, 1992 August 9, 1993 240
58   Hirohisa Fujii August 9, 1993 June 30, 1994 325 Morihiro Hosokawa
Tsutomu Hata
59   Masayoshi Takemura June 30, 1994 January 11, 1996 560 Tomiichi Murayama
60   Wataru Kubo January 11, 1996 November 7, 1996 301 Ryutaro Hashimoto
61   Hiroshi Mitsuzuka November 7, 1996 January 28, 1998 447
62   Hikaru Matsunaga January 30, 1998 July 30, 1998 181
(54)   Kiichi Miyazawa July 30, 1998 April 26, 2001 1001 Keizo Obuchi
Yoshirō Mori
63   Masajuro Shiokawa April 26, 2001 September 22, 2003 879 Junichiro Koizumi
64   Sadakazu Tanigaki September 22, 2003 September 26, 2006 1100
65   Kōji Omi September 26, 2006 August 27, 2007 335 Shinzō Abe
66   Fukushiro Nukaga August 27, 2007 August 1, 2008 340
Yasuo Fukuda
67   Bunmei Ibuki August 1, 2008 September 24, 2008 54
68   Shōichi Nakagawa September 24, 2008 February 18, 2009 147 Taro Aso
69   Kaoru Yosano February 18, 2009 September 16, 2009 210
(58)   Hirohisa Fujii September 16, 2009 January 6, 2010 112 Yukio Hatoyama
70   Naoto Kan January 6, 2010 June 8, 2010 153
71   Yoshihiko Noda June 8, 2010 September 2, 2011 451 Naoto Kan
72   Jun Azumi September 2, 2011 October 1, 2012 395 Yoshihiko Noda
73   Koriki Jojima October 1, 2012 December 26, 2012 86
74   Tarō Asō December 26, 2012 Incumbent 2515 Shinzō Abe

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fuji Ginkō. (1967). Banking in modern Japan, p. 125.