Highway 40 (Israel)

Highway 40 (Hebrew: כביש 40‎) is a north-south intercity road in Israel. At 302 km long, it is the second longest highway in Israel, after Highway 90. The highway runs from Kfar Saba in the center of Israel to the Arabah in the south, serving as a main connection between central Israel and Be'er Sheva.

Highway 40 shield}}

Highway 40
כביש 40
Route information
Length294 km (183 mi)
Major junctions
South endKetura Junction
 
  • Nokdim Junction
  • Sara Junction
  • Hativat HaNegev Junction
  • Goral Junction
  • Lehavim Junction
  • Plugot Junction
  • Malakhi Junction
  • Re'em Junction
  • Gedera Junction
  • Bilu Junction
  • Ramlod Interchange
  • Lod Interchange
  • EL AL Junction
  • HaTayasim Junction
  • Segula Junction
  • Yarkon Interchange
  • Elishema Interchange
North endKfar Saba
Location
Major citiesMitzpe Ramon, Be'er Sheva, Rahat, Kiryat Malakhi, Gedera, Rehovot, Ramla, Lod, Petah Tikva, Hod HaSharon, Kfar Saba
Highway system
Roads in Israel
Highways

Route descriptionEdit

The highway starts at an intersection with Highway 90 near Ketura, about 50 km north of Eilat as a two-lane undivided road. It then continues north, winding through the mountains of the southern Negev. This section includes the "Meishar", which is a completely straight and leveled 12 km stretch of road. The highway descends into the Ramon Crater, crosses it and then ascends 250 meters along "Ma'ale HaAtzmaut" to reach Mitzpe Ramon. From Mitzpe Ramon the highway continues past Ramon Air Force Base and Sde Boker.

The section between Ketura and Sde Boker is a scenic route, and some drivers use this road when driving to Eilat because it provides more attractions and scenery, as opposed to highway 90 which is considered to be safer and faster.

From Sde Boker the highway continues past numerous Bedouin settlements and the Ramat Hovav industrial area. Between Nokdim Junction and Goral Junction the highway forms an eastern bypass of Be'er Sheva, also passing Omer and the Bedouin towns of Shaqib al-Salam and Tel as-Sabi. From Goral Junction the highway continues as a dual-carriageway four lane road, passing Lehavim, Rahat and Kiryat Gat.

 
Descending the northern ridge of the Ramon Crater

North of Kiryat Malakhi, the highway merges with Highway 3 for 4 km to Re'em Junction. This short section has six lanes (three in each direction). It then continues as a four lane road, passing through Gedera and past Tel Nof Air Force Base and Rehovot. Between Matzliah Junction and Gesher Lod Junction it forms an eastern bypass of Ramle and Lod.

At El Al Junction the highway turns left towards Ben Gurion International Airport and immediately right at a roundabout. It is then downgraded in size to two lanes until IAI Junction, where it becomes a four lane divided carriageway once again. The highway then continues through Petah Tikva and bypasses Hod HaSharon before terminating at an intersection with Highway 55 in Kfar Saba.

Junctions & Interchanges (south to north)Edit

km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed
0 צומת קטורה
(Ketura Junction)
  name of nearby hill and Kibbutz
ult. Second wife of Abraham
[1]
Ketura   Highway 90 (Israel)
9 צומת נווה חריף
(Neve Harif Junction)
  ult. Moshe Harif Neve Harif local road
10 צומת נאות סמדר
(Ne'ot Smadar Junction)
  Beauty of Nascent Fruit Neot Smadar
(Shizafon)
local road
12 צומת שיזפון
(Shizafon Junction)
  Suntan Shizafon Army Base   Highway 12
26 צומת שיטים
(Shittim Junction)
  Acacia wood
ult. name of ancient location
[2]
Shittim local road
38 צומת ציחור
(Tzihor Junction)
  Whiteness, Purity Tzihor Stream   Highway 13
81 צומת מכתש רמון
(Makhtesh Ramon Junction)
  Ramon Crater Makhtesh Ramon local road
90 צומת מצפה רמון
(Mitzpe Ramon Junction)
  Ramon Overlook Mitzpe Ramon local road
90.4   Mitzpe Ramon Mount Sagi St.
91   Mitzpe Ramon Mount Oded St.
90   Mitzpe Ramon
Industrial Zone
Mount Katum St.
95 צומת הרוחות
(HaRuchot Junction)
  The Winds Mitzpe Ramon
Landing Strip
  Route 171
117 צומת ציפורים
(Tziporim Junction)
  Birds Ramat Tziporim local road
121 צומת מדרשת בן גוריון
(Midreshet Ben Gurion Junction)
  Ben Gurion College Midreshet Ben-Gurion local road
125 צומת שדה בוקר
(Sde Boker Junction)
  Herding Field Sde Boker local road
126 צומת חלוקים
(Chalukim Junction)
  Pebbles Har Halukim   Route 204
140 צומת טללים
(Tlalim Junction)
  Dew drops Tlalim   Route 211
143 צומת משאבים
(Mash'abim Junction)
  Resources Mashabei Sadeh   Route 222
152 צומת הנגב
(HaNegev Junction)
    Route 224
to Yeruham
156 צומת רמת בקע
(Ramat Beka Junction)
  Rift Hill Ramat Beka' local road
159.7 צומת אל-דנפירי
(al-Danfiri Junction)
  al-Danfiri,
al-'Azazme,
al-Jarjawi
local road
160 צומת רמת חובב
(Ramat Hovav Junction)
  Ramat Hovav
Industrial Zone
local road
163 צומת מסעודין אל-עזאזמה
(Mas'udin al-Azazme Junction)
  al-'Azazme,
Abu 'Afash
local road
164.3 צומת תראבין א-צאנע
(Tirabin as-Sana Junction)
  Tirabin al-Sana local road
167 צומת אוהלים/הנוקדים
(Ohalim/HaNokdim Junction)
  Tents/The Shepherds   Route 406
172 מחלף שרה
(Sara Interchange)
   Sarah Beer Sheva   Highway 25
176 צומת חטיבת הנגב
(Hativat HaNegev Junction)
   Negev Brigade Beer Sheva   Highway 60
184 צומת גורל
(Goral Junction)
  Destiny   Route 406
191 צומת להבים
(Lehavim Junction)
  Named after location near Lehavim   Highway 31
  Route 310
197 צומת דבירה
(Devira Junction)
  Devira,
az-Ziadna
  Road 3255
200 צומת קמה
(Kama Junction)
  Named after location Beit Kama   Route 293
209 צומת מאחז
(Ma'ahaz Junction)
   Outpost Mishlat Ma'ahaz   Highway 6
214 צומת אחוזם
(Ahuzam Junction)
  ult. Ahuzam, son of Asher[3] Ahuzam local road
216 צומת איתן
(Eitan Junction)
  Steadfast Eitan   Road 3403
218 צומת עוזה
(Eitan Junction)
  ult. Be Strong[4] Uza local road
219 צומת קרית גת דרום
(Kiryat Gat Darom)
  South Kiryat Gat Eitan   Road 3403
(Derech HaDarom)
223 צומת פלוגות
(Plugot Junction)
  Kiryat Gat   Highway 35
226 צומת קוממיות
(Kom'miut Junction)
    Route 353
  Road 3553
228 צומת סגולה
(Sgula Junction)
  Treasure Sgula   Road 3553
229 צומת ניר בנים
(Nir Banim Junction)
  Sons' Meadow Nir Banim   Road 3613
231 צומת קדמה
(Kedma Junction)
  Front Kedma local road
233 צומת תימורים
(Timorim Junction)
  Rising Timorim local road
236 צומת מלאכי / קסטינה
(Malakhi Junction / Kastina)
  Angelic / Here we turned Kiryat Malakhi   Highway 3
237 צומת אחים
(Akhim Junction)
  Brothers Kfar Ahim,
Talmei Yehiel,
Achva
Academic College
,
Arugot,
Yinon,
Al-'Azi
local roads
239 צומת ראם / מסמיה
(Re'em Junction / Masmiya)
  Avraham Mordechai Alter &
location of former village
Bnei Re'em   Highway 3
239.3 (northbound only)   Bnei Re'em
Commercial Zone
entrance road
239.9   Berurim
(HaZera Genetics
Seed Farm)
entrance road
240.5 צומת ראם צפון
(North Re'em Junction)
  Bnei Re'em Oren St.
241.6 צומת חצב
(Hatzav Junction)
  Drimia Hatzav entrance road
243.7 צומת חפץ חיים
(Hafetz Haim Junction)
  Desirer of life to Hafetz Haim
to Beit Hilkia
  Road 3933
244.3 צומת חצור
(Hatzor Junction)
  Kannot Industrial Park,
Bene Ayish
  Route 3922
244.8 מחלף גדרה
(Gedera Interchange)[5][6][7]
   presumed biblical location[8][9]
(probably incorrect)
ult. hedge fence
Gedera,
Kannot
  Highway 7
245.4   Gedera Ben Gurion Blvd.
246.2   Gedera HaBiluyim St.
Tarmah St.
246.7   Gedera Weizmann Blvd.
247.3   Gedera Yitzhak Ben-Zvi St.
248.5 צומת תל נוף
(Tel Nof Junction)
  Named after location Beit Elazari,
Tel Nof Airbase
  Road 4103
251.3   Givat Brenner,
Kiryat Ekron
Local road
King Hassan II St.
252.1 צומת ברנר
(Brenner Junction)
  Named after location Givat Brenner,
Kiryat Ekron
  Route 411
  Road 4123
252.4   Kaplan Medical Center Derech Pasternak
252.9 צומת בילו
(Bilu Junction)
  Bilu Kibbutz Movement
ult. House of Jacob,
come let's go
[10]
Kfar Bilu,
Rechovot
  Route 412
255.1   Ganei Hadar,
Ramot Meir,
Na'an
  Road 4233
255.6 צומת רחובות מזרח
(Rehovot Mizrach Junction)
  East Rehovot Rehovot Derech Menachem Begin
256 צומת סתריה
(Sitria Junction)
  named after Bedouin clan
originally in area
Sitria Shiv'at HaMinim St.
258 צומת ישרש
(Yashresh Junction)
  (He) will take root Yashresh HaYarden St.
259.5 צומת רמלה דרום
(Ramla Darom Junction)
   South Ramle Ramle   Route 431
260.1 צומת צומת מצליח
(Matzliah Junction)
  named after
Sahl ben Matzliah
Ramle,
Matzliah
  Road 4304
260.2   Ramle Bialik St.
261.1   Ramle Klausner St.
262.1 מחלף רמלוד
(Ramlod Interchange)
   Combination of
Ramle and Lod
Ramle,
Lod
  Highway 44
263.5 צומת אחיסמך
(Ahisamakh Junction)
  Brother of Support Lod,
Ahisamakh
Derech HaRema
Shivat HaMinim St.
264.8 צומת לוד מרכז
(Lod Mercaz Junction)
  Lod Center Lod HaTziyonut Blvd.
267 צומת גינתון
(Ginaton Junction)
  little garden Lod,
Ginaton,
Ben Shemen
  Route 443
Dr. Mordechai & Hava
Freeman St.
268.8 צומת לוד צפון
(Lod Tzafon Junction)
  Lod North Lod   Route 434
(Abba Hillel Silver St.)
269.2 מחלף לוד
(Lod Interchange)
  
 
Lod   Highway 1
271.8 צומת אל על
(EL AL Junction)
  Named after Airline
ult. onward, upward
Ben Gurion
International Airport
,
Airport City
  Highway 46
  Route 453
272   Ben Gurion
International Airport
  Road 4503
273.7 צומת תעשייה אווירית
(Ta'asiya Avirit Junction)
  Aviation Industry Israel
Aircraft Industries
local road
274.5   Israel
Aircraft Industries
local road
275.1 צומת בדק
(Bedek Junction)
  Named after company:
Bedek Aviation Group
  Road 4613
276 צומת טייסים
(Tayasim Junction)
  pilots Bnei Atarot,
Yehud
  Route 461
278.1 צומת בארות יצחק
(Be'erot Yitzhak Junction)
  Isaac's Wells Be'erot Yitzhak local road
278.6 צומת נופך
(Nofekh Junction)
  name of stone[11]
in the Hoshen
Nofekh,
Be'erot Yitzhak Mall
  Road 4623
279 צומת מדשימים
(Magshimim Junction)
  ones who fulfill
their dreams
Magshimim HaTamar St.
279.6 צומת נחלים דרום
(Nehalim Darom Junction)
  streams south Nehalim Snir St.
280.5 צומת נחלים צפון
(Nehalim Tzafon Junction)
  streams north Nehalim Dan St.
280.7 מחלף שעריה
(Sha'ariya Interchange)
 
 
Named after
nearby neighborhood
ult.Gates of God
Petah Tikva   Route 471
281.6   Petah Tikva Hoshea' St.
282.1   Petah Tikva Shlomo St.
Ya'akov Hazan St.
282.7 צומת סירקין
(Sirkin Junction)
  named after
Nachman Sirkin
Petah Tikva,
Kfar Sirkin
Ein Ganim St.
  Road 4713
(Va'ad Arba' Artzot St.)
283.3   Petah Tikva A. D. Gordon St.
283.6   Petah Tikva HaVatikim St.
284.3 צומת גנים
(Ganim Junction)
  named after Ein Ganim
ult. gardens
Petah Tikva,
Givat HaShlosha
HaRav Herzog St.
  Route 483
(Rosh HaAyin St.)
285 צומת סגולה
(Sgula Junction)
  named after nearby
commercial district
ult. talisman
Petah Tikva HaYarkonim St.
286.8 צומת הבפטיסטים
(HaBaftistim Junction)
  The Baptists Baptist Village,
HaYarkonim
Commercial Center,
Yarkon National Park,
Tel Afek
Natan Shifris St
287.3 מחלף ירקון
(Yarkon Interchange)
 
 
Named after Yarkon River   Highway 5
288.3 צומת עדנים
(Adanim Junction)
  pleasures[12] Adanim,
Neve Ne'eman
Industrial Zone
  Route 402
(Derech Ramatayim)
289.2   Adanim local road
289.4   HaSharon South
Regional Council
289.9 נווה ירק
(Neve Yarak Junction)
  home of greenery   Road 5112
291.6 צומת אלישמע
(Elishama Junction)
  ult. named after
Elishama, son of Ammihud
Hod HaSharon,
Elishama
Mevo Kedem St.
HaNarkis St.
293.2 מחלף אלישמע
(Elishama Interchange)
  
 
Hod HaSharon,
Kfar Saba
  Route 531
293.6   Kfar Saba,
Atir Yeda
Industrial Zone
Atir Yeda St.
294   Kfar Saba Weizmann St.
  Highway 55

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Genesis 25:1
  2. ^ Numbers 25:1
  3. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:5
  4. ^ Psalms 68:29
  5. ^ "Highway 7 completed - Gedera". ynet - Yediot Aharonot. 2014-08-27. Retrieved 2014-08-27.(in Hebrew)
  6. ^ "Highway 7 - Between Ashdod Interchange and Gadera Interchange". National Roads Company of Israel. Retrieved 2012-10-22.(in Hebrew)
  7. ^ "Gedera Interchange Upgrade Project was launched". Gedera Municipality. Archived from the original on 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2012-10-22.(in Hebrew)
  8. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:23
  9. ^ Joshua 15:36
  10. ^ Isaiah 2:5
  11. ^ Exodus 28:18
  12. ^ Psalms 36:9

See alsoEdit