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Givat Brenner (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת בְּרֶנֶר, lit. Brenner Hill; Arabic: غفعات برينر‎), is a kibbutz in the Central District of Israel. Located around two kilometres south of Rehovot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Brenner Regional Council. Founded in 1928, it is named after writer Yosef Haim Brenner, who was killed in the Jaffa riots of 1921. In 2018 it had a population of 2,703.[1]

Givat Brenner

גִּבְעַת בְּרֶנֶר
Givat Brenner.JPG
Givat Brenner is located in Central Israel
Givat Brenner
Givat Brenner
Coordinates: 31°51′52.19″N 34°48′1.08″E / 31.8644972°N 34.8003000°E / 31.8644972; 34.8003000Coordinates: 31°51′52.19″N 34°48′1.08″E / 31.8644972°N 34.8003000°E / 31.8644972; 34.8003000
DistrictCentral
CouncilBrenner
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1928
Founded byJewish immigrants from Lithuania, Poland and Germany
Population
 (2018)[1]
2,703
Websitewww.gbrener.org.il

HistoryEdit

 
Kibbutz Givat Brenner, 1935

Givat Brenner was founded in 1928 by Enzo Sereni[2] and a group of immigrants from Lithuania, Poland and Germany. During World War II, Givat Brenner supplied products such as jam to the British Army, which laid the foundation for its export business.

 
Givat Brenner 1945 1:250,000
 
Givat Brenner 1:20,000
 
Members of Company H, Palmach, in Giv'at Brenner, 1945

The establishment of an irrigation equipment factory led to the creation of a foundry. The foundry evolved into a specialized aluminum die-casting company, which has produced, among other things, the housings for emergency phones along the New Jersey Turnpike.[citation needed] In 1938, it opened the first kibbutz sanatorium in the country.[3]

DemographicsEdit

According to a census conducted in 1931 by the British Mandate authorities, Givat Brenner had a population of 155 inhabitants and a total of 5 residential houses.[4] In 1970 the population was 480.[5]

EducationEdit

Givat Brenner Regional School serves the communities of the Brenner Regional Council. The offices of the Regional Council are also located in the Kibbutz.

EconomyEdit

 
Food canning factory, Givat Brenner, 1939

Givat Brenner's plant nursery supplies turf for lawns and parks. The kibbutz grows cotton, avocado, wheat and corn, and maintains a dairy farm. Industrial ventures include a furniture factory, metalwork factory, canned foods plant and an irrigation equipment factory, which gradually shut down for financial reasons. The 'House of Dreams' amusement park was established to offset waning income from the orchards, plant nurseries and factories, but was eventually closed.[6]

LandmarksEdit

The Treasure Museum, in the heart of the kibbutz, opened on the Givat Brenner's seventieth anniversary. It houses a collection of artifacts and photographs that tell the story of the kibbutz pioneers.

Notable residentsEdit

 
Sculpture by Jacob Loutchansky

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Enzo Sereni". Jewish Virtual Library.
  3. ^ Riba, Naama (20 May 2016). "How Israel's socialist retreats for workers turned into luxury hotels". Haaretz. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  4. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 20
  5. ^ "Israel Place List (1970)" in Encyclopedia Judaica. 1. New York: Macmillan, p. 176.
  6. ^ Sanior, Eli (18 September 2003). קיבוץ גבעת ברנר נדרש להרוס את "בית חלומותי" [Kibbutz Givat Brenner forced to demolish 'House of Dreams']. Yedioth Ahronoth (in Hebrew). Retrieved 25 April 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Gavron, Daniel. The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

External linksEdit