Highway 3 (Israel)

Highway 3 is a highway in Israel. It begins at Highway 4 on the outskirts of Ashkelon, running east-northeast, passing through Kiryat Malakhi and Latrun, and ending just short of Modi'in.

Highway 3 shield}}

Highway 3
כביש 3
Kvish Shalosh
طريق السريع 3
Map of the Highway
Map of the former segments of the Highway in the West Bank, Now declassified.
Route information
Part of Mashreq-M40.gif
(Ratified by Palestine but not by Israel)
Length53 km (33 mi)
Major junctions
West end
  • Abba Hillel Silver Junction
 
East end
  • Beit Horon Junction
Location
Major citiesAshkelon, Hodaya, Kiryat Malakhi, Yad Binyamin, Yesodot, Hulda, Nachshon, Latrun, Modi'in
Highway system
Roads in Israel
Highways
Abba Hillel Silver Junction

Plan for the futureEdit

The Israeli Ministry of Transportation plans for Highway 3 to be a major route that will connect the South District to Jerusalem via Latrun Interchange and Highway 1. The National Roads Company of Israel is converting the road to a multi-lane divided highway. Despite this, the road will not become an expressway because it is the only means of entrance to many nearby communities.

Israel Railways is constructing flying junctions between Highway 3 and the rail tracks that cross it.

Path of Highway 3 from northeast to southwestEdit

The northeast part of Highway 3 begins at Beit Horon Junction near Modi'in. It intersects Highways 1 and 6 and then passes several kibbutzim and moshavim until Re'em Junction where it joins Highway 40, running concurrently for 4 km until Malakhi Junction in Kiryat Malakhi. The Latrun–Nahshon section (between the intersections with highways 1 and 44) is the first concrete highway in Israel.[1]

After the roads split, Highway 3 continues in Kiryat Malakhi and past more kibbutzim and moshavim until Abba Hillel Silver Junction east of Ashkelon, which intersects with Highway 4.

In the past, Highway 3 reached Ramallah and Jericho and terminated at Allenby bridge across the Jordan river.[2] After the Oslo Accords in 1993, the portion of the road that passes through Ramallah and Jericho was transferred to Palestinian control (as with Highway 60), and portions of the road that remained under Israeli control were renamed as local roads.

Junctions and InterchangesEdit

km Name Type Meaning Location Intersecting roads
0 צומת אבא הלל
(Abba Hillel Junction)
  Ashkelon,
Kfar Silver
  Highway 4
0.5   Kfar Silver entrance road
2 צומת ניר ישראל
(Nir Yisrael Junction)
  Yisrael's Meadow Nir Yisrael,
Hodaya
  Route 3500
4 צומת הודיה
(Hodaya Junction)
  (Prayer of) Thanksgiving Hodaya   Route 232
7 צומת נגבה
(Negba Junction)
  Southward (biblical Hebrew) Negba local road
8 צומת משואות יצחק
(Masu'ot Yizhak Junction)
  Torches of Isaac Masu'ot Yizhak local road
9 צומת מרכז שפירא
(Merkaz Shapira Junction)
  Shapira Center
named after
Haim-Moshe Shapira
Merkaz Shapira entrance road
10 צומת עין צורים
(Ein Tzurim Junction)
  Rocks' Spring Ein Tzurim entrance road
11 צומת שפיר
(Shaffir Junction)
  Beautiful (biblical Hebrew) Shafir   Route 3613
13 צומת כפר ורבורג-אביגדור
(Kfar Varburg-Avigdor Junction)
  named for
Felix M. Warburg
Henry d'Avigdor-Goldsmid
Kfar Warburg,
Avigdor
local roads
14.5 צומת טוביה
(Tuvia Junction)
  named for
Tuvia's Well
Be'er Tuvia,
Kiryat Malakhi South
Yigal Hurwitz Blvd.
  Route 3703
15   Kiryat Malakhi Center,
Be'er Tuvia
Industrial Zone
Ben Gurion Blvd.
The Well Street
15.5   Kiryat Malakhi North Menachem Begin Blvd.
16 צומת קסטינה
(Castina Junction)
  (Prophet) Malakhi
My Angel
  Highway 40
16.7 (eastbound only)   Arugot local road
18 צומת אחים
(Ahim Junction)
  Brothers
(Zvi and Efraim Guber)
Kfar Ahim,
Talmei Yehiel,
Yinon
Achva
Arugot
local road
20 צומת ראם
(Re'em Junction)
  Rebbe Avraham Mordechai Bnei Re'em   Highway 40
21 צומת שערי אברהם
(Shearei Avraham Junction)
  Gates of Abraham Sha'arei Avraham  Route 383
22 צומת רבדים
(Revadim Junction)
  Echelons Revadim entrance road
24 צומת בית חלקיה
(Beit Helkiya Junction)
  House of
My Portion of the Lord
Beit Hilkia   Route 3933
25 צומת יד בנימין
(Yad Binyamin Junction)
  Benjamin's Memorial Yad Binyamin entrance road
26 מחלף שורק
(Sorek Interchange)
and railway overpass[3]
 
 
named for nearby
Sorek River
Choice Vine
Yad Binyamin,
Lod–Beer Sheva
Railway Line
  Highway 6
27.5 צומת יסודות
(yesdot Junction)
 
 
Yesdot Junction   Highway 7
29 צומת יסודות
(Yesodot Junction)
  Foundations Yesodot entrance road
30.2 railway underpass[4]   Jerusalem–Tel Aviv
Railway Line
33 צומת חולדה
(Hulda Junction)
  The Perpetual Hulda,
Mishmar David,
Tal Shahar
  Route 411
35 צומת נחשון
(Nahshon Junction)
  Pioneer (literary Hebrew)
named after
Operation Nachshon
Nachshon   Highway 44
36 מחלף בקוע
(Beko'a Interchange)
 
 
Splitting Beko'a entrance road
38 מחלף נחשון / נווה שלום
(Nahshon / Neve Shalom
Interchange)
 
 
Pioneer /
Oasis of Peace
Nahshon,
Neve Shalom
local road
41 צומת חטיבה שבע
(Hativa Sheva Junction)
  7th (Armored) Brigade Latrun Monastery,
Mini Israel Theme Park
Yad La-Shiryon
  Route 424
41.1 Green Line
42 מחלף לטרון
(Latrun Interchange)
 
 
The Castle (of the Knights)
or
(The House of the Good) Thief
Latrun,
Emmaus Nicopolis
  Highway 1
43   Canada Park entrance road
44.8 railway underpass[5]   Jerusalem–Tel Aviv
High-Speed Rail
45   Modi'in,
Nof Ayalon,
Sha'alvim
HaHashmonaim Blvd.
47 צומת מבוא חורון
(Mevo Horon Junction)
  Horon Gateway Mevo Horon Ayalon Blvd.
48   Beit Likiya   (blocked)
52   Beit Sira   (blocked)
53 צומת בית חורון
(Beit Horon Junction)
  House of Horon Modi'in   Route 443
  (blocked)

Hazardous roadEdit

15 km of highway 3 had been declared as a red road by the Israeli police in 2015.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Infrastructure projects which went wrong - deviating from funding and schedules" (PDF). Calcalist. Retrieved 2013-10-25.(in Hebrew)
  2. ^ "Disputed villages in the Latrun area". Ma'ariv. 1948-08-12. Retrieved 2013-10-25.(in Hebrew)
  3. ^ Street View: Highway 3 overpassing Highway 6 and the Lod - Beer Sheva Railway Line (Map). Google Maps. March 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
  4. ^ Highway 3 seen across center under Jerusalem - Tel Aviv Railway Line (Map). Panoramio via Google Maps. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
  5. ^ Highway 3 seen below-center under Jerusalem - Tel Aviv High-Speed Rail (Map). Panoramio via Google Maps. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
  6. ^ http://www.mako.co.il/cars-cars-news/safety/Article-72d89ccb78fca31006.htm

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 31°46′29″N 34°48′28″E / 31.77472°N 34.80778°E / 31.77472; 34.80778