Ben Shemen

Ben Shemen (Hebrew: בֶּן שֶׁמֶן‎, lit. very fruitful) is a moshav in central Israel. Located around four kilometres east of Lod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 870.[1]

Ben Shemen

בֶּן שֶׁמֶן
PikiWiki Israel 5039 ahouse in kerem ben shemen.jpg
Ben Shemen is located in Central Israel
Ben Shemen
Ben Shemen
Coordinates: 31°57′14.4″N 34°55′29.64″E / 31.954000°N 34.9249000°E / 31.954000; 34.9249000Coordinates: 31°57′14.4″N 34°55′29.64″E / 31.954000°N 34.9249000°E / 31.954000; 34.9249000
CountryIsrael
DistrictCentral
CouncilHevel Modi'in
AffiliationMoshavim Movement
Founded1905 (original)
1952 (re-establishment)
Population
 (2019)[1]
870
Bezalel workshop at Ben Shemen, 1911

EtymologyEdit

The village's name is taken from Isaiah 5:1:[2]

Let me sing of my well-beloved, a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well-beloved had a vineyard in a very fruitful hill.[3]

and also reflects the JNF's planting of olive trees in this area.[4]

HistoryEdit

The moshav was founded in 1905, and was one of the first villages established on Jewish National Fund land;[4] the first Jewish National Fund forest is also located in Ben Shemen.[4] According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Ben Shemen had a population of 90 Jews.[5] Which had increased in the 1931 census to 353 residents, in 30 houses.[6] In 1923 it was split in two, with a group of trial farms eventually becoming a separate moshav, Kerem Ben Shemen.

The Ben Shemen Youth Village was established adjacent to the moshav in 1927 and is today a large agricultural boarding school.[7][4]

During World War II, Ben Shemen was the site of a British search for weapons. Similar searches were a common British response to Jewish opposition to the White Paper of 1939.[8] In 1947 Ben Shemen had a population of 75.[4] The village experienced extensive damage during the early days of the 1948 Arab–Israeli war and had to be reconstructed.[4] Immigrants from Romania joined the moshav in 1952. Some houses were built by Bezalel Academy of Art and Design founder Boris Schatz.

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Vilnay, Zev, Rachel and Oren: The Vilnay Guide to Israel. A new Millenium edition, Vol 1: Jerusalem, Beersheba and Southern Israel, Atlit 1999, p. 212, ISBN 965-90269-0-0
  3. ^ Isaiah Chapter 5 Mechon Mamre
  4. ^ a b c d e f Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 16.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 19
  7. ^ Roth, Chaya H. (September 16, 2008). The fate of Holocaust memories: transmission and family dialogues. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 83.
  8. ^ Anita, Shapira (1992). Land and Power, The Zionist Resort to Force. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 288.

External linksEdit