High Marnham Power Station
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|High Marnham Power Station|
High Marnham Power Station
Viewed from the east in July 2004
Location of High Marnham Power Station in Nottinghamshire
|Location||Nottinghamshire, East Midlands, NG23 6SE|
|Commission date||June 1962, all units|
|Construction cost||£50m (1962)|
|Operator(s)||Central Electricity Generating Board|
|Thermal power station|
|Nameplate capacity||1000 MW|
|Commons||Related media on Commons|
High Marnham was the most southerly of three power stations which lined the River Trent, known locally as Megawatt Valley, the others being West Burton and Cottam. The station was constructed by the CEGB Northern Project Group, overseen by resident engineer Douglas Derbyshire and the main contractor Alfred McAlpine. The power station was constructed on a "green field" site, started in November 1955 and fully commissioned by June 1962. It was the first 1000 MW [946 MW net] power station built and commissioned in Europe, and operated at higher boiler pressure and temperature values than previously commissioned. 
Work started in 1954 on the site of Barks Farm which was demolished the following year along with a nearby bungalow. Barks Farm was accessed from accessed from Sparrow Lane in the nearby village of High Marnham. The plant was officially opened on Friday 5 October 1962 by Sir Stanley Brown (F.H.S. Brown), the deputy-chairman of the CEGB, later the chairman from 1965-72.
Designed and built by International Combustion Ltd., five boiler units, each weighing about 14,000 tons, were suspended on beams and support columns for a vertical expansion of 8 inches (200 mm). Each boiler was built in twin furnace construction with 1.5 inch (38mm) bore tubes, all connected to a common drum at the top of the boiler, and fitted with safety valves set at 2,500 pounds per square inch (17,000 kPa). One furnace carried the superheat pendants, connected to the boiler drum top and to an outlet header, fitted with a safety valve set at 2,450 pounds per square inch (16,900 kPa). The second furnace carried the reheat pendants connected to an inlet header from the HP cylinder exhaust and to an outlet header to the turbine IP cylinder. The lower section of the furnace corners contained a wind box with the pulverised fuel nozzles and retractable oil burners. Fuel nozzles and burners were aligned at an imaginary circle in the furnace ensuring an even heat distribution. Pulverised fuel nozzles were provided with vertical movement to control temperature conditions. At the bottom of each furnace, the front and rear wall tubes were formed into an inward slope where the tubes were bent back (forming a nose and gap) to their original vertical wall alignment terminating at their front and rear bottom furnace water tube headers. A steel skirt was fitted around each furnace base. [see ash hoppers]
Water circulation within the boiler furnace was assisted by fully immersed electrical pumps manufactured by Hayward Tyler Co. The pulverised fuel plant was built and installed by International Combustion Ltd. Four Lopulco coal roller mills with pulverised coal fans per boiler were located in the boiler house basement. Coal was fed from overhead bunkers by speed-regulated drum feeders to the mills and crushed to fine dust by three 7.5 ton roller doors per mill, then blown into the wind boxes through pipework and the PF nozzles. Combustion air was delivered by two forced draught fans located above the coal bunkers, taking warm air from above the boiler roof casing and discharging it though rotating heat exchangers to the furnace wind boxes. Hot gas was drawn from the furnaces through the pendants, water tube economisers, rotating heat exchanger, cyclone dust collectors and electrostatic precipitators by two induced draught fans before entering the chimney flue ducts and passing up the 500 feet (150 m) high chimneys.
Heavy combustion products fell into basement mounted hoppers with water troughs under each furnace that engaged with the bottom furnace header casing skirt. The hoppers were emptied by a water jet/sluice arrangement into an ash receiving pit.
Boiler water feed systemEdit
Condensed steam was taken from the turbine condenser and pumped back into the boiler feed system, via the unit evaporator, low and high pressure water tube heaters (after being subjected to bled steam heat from turbine cylinders) into a de-aerator. The de-aerated water was taken by the main feed pump (multi stage cartridge design pump or a smaller start up pump) and discharged at 3,000 pounds per square inch (21,000 kPa) into the boiler water feed system through feed regulating valves. Both feed pump types were electric motor driven. Additional station boiler feed water supply could also be made up by the station water treatment plant and fed into the de-aerator, this was operated and controlled by the station chemistry department.
Designed and built by the English Electric Co., five steam turbine units of high pressure, intermediate pressure and double-flow low pressure turbine cylinders were coupled to 200 MW generators. The steam flow into the turbine was regulated by the hydraulically controlled steam inlet valves to maintain a generating speed of 3000 RPM. The turbine over-speed protection was by weight eccentric rings on the turbine shaft, set to throw-out at a predetermined RPM and shutting the HP cylinder inlet steam valves. Exhaust flow from the HP turbine cylinders passed to the boiler for reheating (with some having been bled off to feed heaters), returned to the IP cylinder (with some bled off to LP feed heaters) and exhausted from the double-flow LP cylinder under vacuum into underslung water-cooled condensers. Condenser cooling water was delivered from a sub-basement ring main around the turbine house. The turbine/generator assembly was mounted on reinforced concrete pedestals that ran along the length of the turbine hall.
On 15 December 1963, the first 400kV supergrid link in the UK's National Grid was switched on between the power station and the Monk Fryston substation, near the Selby Fork on the A63 towards Fairburn in North Yorkshire - a distance of 64 miles. This line was mainly experimental; the 420-ton transformers at either end were from English Electric at Stafford. The main 400kV supergrid would not be switched on until around 1965, with the 4ZA power line (Grendon to Elstree).
Cooling water plantEdit
Cooling water pumps were located between cooling towers in a purpose made building to deliver cooling water into a ring main for the turbine condensers. The warm water was passed on through to the five 350 feet (110 m) cooling towers, falling into the tower moats to be channelled back through screens and a chlorination process to the pump suctions for recirculation. Water loss through evaporation was made up from the river Trent by suction screened pumps. It required around 27 million gallons of water an hour.
High Marnham power station was supplied with coal via the 14-mile High Marnham branch off the Mansfield to Worksop line (the Robin Hood railway line). Prior to their closure Thorsby, Welbeck, Ollerton, Bevercotes, Clipstone, Mansfield, Rufford, Blidworth and Blisthorpe collieries were also connected to the High Marnham Branch. Rail facilities at High Marnham included weighbridges, sidings and coal hoppers, a control room, coal wagon marshalling yard and conveyor systems. In about 1965 a "merry-go-round" system of automatic coal wagon unloading was installed to evaluate for future "Stations Systems". Bunker coal supply ran from the coal plant on inclined conveyors to the boiler house, where it was fed onto a moving "feed head" conveyor above the individual boiler coal bunkers. The plant burnt around 10,000 tonnes of coal a day. When it was commissioned in October 1962 it was the largest power station in Europe, consuming coal from 17 collieries. The two chimneys were 450 ft high. A pipeline was built to take ash across the Trent five miles to former gravel pits at Besthorpe, Nottinghamshire.
Closure and demolitionEdit
The station closed in 2003 after nearly 45 years in operation, with a loss of 119 jobs. The station's chimneys were demolished on 15 December 2004. The station's 150 feet (46 m)-high boiler house was demolished on 5 October 2006. The station's five cooling towers were demolished on 15 July 2012 at 10:00.
In late 2009, the railway connection that used to supply coal to the power station became Network Rail's High Marnham Test Track for innovation and development, suited to this purpose because the line is all-welded joints and laid on concrete sleepers.
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- Jacobs, Gerald (1988). Eastern and Anglia Regions Track Diagrams. Exeter: Quail. pp. 12B. ISBN 0900609559.
- Sheail, John (1991). Power in Trust. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 138. ISBN 0-19-854673-4.
- Nottingham Evening Post, October 1962
- Robert Goulden (17 January 2006). "High Marnham Power Station". https://www.geograph.org.uk/. Retrieved 6 February 2009. External link in
- "E.ON UK's High Marnham Power Station's boiler house to be demolished". http://pressreleases.eon-uk.com/. E.ON UK. 25 September 2006. Archived from the original (ASPX) on 27 March 2008. Retrieved 6 February 2009. External link in
- "Five cooling towers are demolished in High Marnham". BBC News. BBC. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2012.