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Hidimbi Devi Temple, locally known as Dhungiri Temple,[1] also known variously as the Hadimba Temple, is located in Manāli, a hill station in the State of Himāchal Pradesh in north India. It is an ancient cave temple dedicated to Hidimbi Devi, wife of Bhima, a figure in the Indian epic Mahābhārata. The temple is surrounded by a cedar forest called Dhungiri Van Vihar at the foot of the Himālayas. The sanctuary is built over a huge rock jutting out of the ground which was worshiped as an image of the deity. The structure was built in 1553.[2]

Hidimba Devi Temple
Hidimba Devi Temple, North-east View
Hidimba Devi Temple is located in Himachal Pradesh
Hidimba Devi Temple
Location in India
Geography
Coordinates 32°14′32″N 77°11′15″E / 32.24228°N 77.187366°E / 32.24228; 77.187366Coordinates: 32°14′32″N 77°11′15″E / 32.24228°N 77.187366°E / 32.24228; 77.187366
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Kullu
Culture
Sanctum Hidimba
Major festivals Dhungari Mela
History
Date built 1553

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Hadimba devi temple was built in 1553 AD by Maharaja Bahadur Singh.[3] The temple is built around a cave where Devi Hidimba performed meditation. Hidimbi was supposed to have lived there with her brother Hidimb, and not much is known about their parents. Born into a Rakshasa family, Hidimba vowed to marry one who would defeat her brother Hidimb, who was supposed to be very brave and fearless. During the Pandava's exile, when they visited Manali; Bhima, one of the five Pandavas, killed Hidimb. Thereafter, Hidimba married Bhima and gave birth to their son Ghatotkacha.

Worship of Hidimba DeviEdit

People in Manali worship Hidimba devi as a deity. During Navaratri all Hindus across the nation worship goddess Durga, but people in Manali worship Hidimba devi. Queues of people can be seen outside the temple, but the crowd increases during Navaratri.[4]

DesignEdit

The Hidimba Devi Temple has intricately carved wooden doors and a 24 meters tall wooden "shikhar" or tower above the sanctuary.[5] The tower consists of three square roofs covered with timber tiles and a fourth brass cone-shaped roof at the top. The earth goddess Durga forms the theme of the main door carvings.[6] Also depicted are animals, foliate designs, dancers, scenes from Lord Krishna’s life and Navagrahas. [7]The temple base is made out of whitewashed, mud-covered stonework. An enormous rock occupies the inside of the temple, only a 7.5 cm (3 inch) tall brass image representing goddess Hidimba Devi. A rope hangs down in front of the rock,and according to a legend,in bygone days religious zealots would tie the hands of "sinners" by the rope and then swing them against the rock.[8]

About seventy metres away from the temple, there is a shrine dedicated to Goddess Hidimba's son, Ghatotkacha, who was born after she married Bhima. The most surprising feature of the temple or what believers could call the most reassuring feature of the temple is the fact that inside the temple the imprint of the feet of the Goddess carved on a block of stone are worshipped.

 
A yak near the Hadimba temple, Manali, Himachal Pradesh

A Mahabharat narrationEdit

 
Sign at Hidimba Devi Temple
 
Side View Hidimba Devi Temple

The Indian epic Mahabharata narrates that the Pāndavas stayed in Himachal during their exile. In Manali, the strongest person there, named Hidimba and brother of Hidimdi, attacked them, and in the ensuing fight Bhima, strongest amongst the Pandavas, killed him. Bhima and Hidimba's sister, Hidimbi, then got married and had a son, Ghatotkacha, (who later proved to be a great warrior in the war against Kauravas). When Bhima and his brothers returned from exile, Hidimbi did not accompany him, but stayed back and did tapasyā (a combination of meditation, prayer, and penance) so as to eventually attain the status of a goddess.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://blessingsonthenet.com/indian-temple/id/84/hadimba-devi-temple-kullu
  2. ^ "Hidimbi Temple". Retrieved 14 September 2006.
  3. ^ "Hadimba Devi Temple". Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Hidimba worshipped during navaratri". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Temples of the Himalayas". Retrieved 14 September 2006.
  6. ^ "Hidimba Devi Temple". Retrieved 14 September 2006.
  7. ^ "The imposing architecture of Hadimba Devi Temple". Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Hidimba Devi Temple". Retrieved 14 September 2006.

External linksEdit