Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting (sun at the center)

Navagraha means "nine celestial bodies of universe " in Sanskrit and are nine astronomical bodies as well as deities in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] The term is derived from nava (Sanskrit: नव "nine") and graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding").[2].

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodesEdit

The Navagraha are:[1]

  1. Surya: the Sun
  2. Chandra: the Moon
  3. Mangala: Mars
  4. Budha: Mercury
  5. Bṛhaspati: Jupiter
  6. Shukra: Venus
  7. Shani: Saturn
  8. Rahu: Ascending (or north) Lunar node
  9. Ketu: Descending (or south) Lunar node

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899