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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

Navagraha means "nine celestial bodies" in Sanskrit and are nine astronomical bodies as well as deities in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] These are the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, and the ascending (Rahu) and descending (Ketu) lunar nodes (which appears as Shadow Planets during Surya Grahan and Chandra Grahan).


Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodesEdit

The term is derived from nava (Sanskrit: नव "nine") and graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding").[2]

The Navagraha are:[1]

  1. Surya (Ravi), the Sun
  2. Chandra (Soma), the Moon
  3. Mangala (Mangal), Mars
  4. Budha (Budh), Mercury
  5. Guru (Brihaspati), Jupiter
  6. Shukra, Venus
  7. Shani, Saturn
  8. Rahu, Lunar ascending node
  9. Ketu, Lunar descending node.


Temples that incorporate or are dedicated to one or all nine of the Navagraha are found in different parts of India, such as in Tamil Nadu.[3]

& Mangalnath in Madhya Pradesh.

Navagraha sculpture from Bihar, India, 10th century, now at the San Diego Museum of Art.
Navagraha statues from Konark, Odisha at British Museum.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899
  3. ^ Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. pp. x–xxi, 302–304. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8.