Herten (German pronunciation: [ˈhɛʁtn̩] (listen)) is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated in the industrial Ruhr Area, some 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Recklinghausen.

Herten
Old centre of Herten-Westerholt
Old centre of Herten-Westerholt
Coat of arms of Herten
Location of Herten within Recklinghausen district
Recklinghausen (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaDortmundBochumHerneGelsenkirchenEssenWesel (district)BottropUnna (district)Coesfeld (district)Borken (district)GladbeckRecklinghausenDattelnOer-ErkenschwickCastrop-RauxelMarlHertenWaltropHaltern am SeeDorstenHerten in RE.svg
About this image
Herten is located in Germany
Herten
Herten
Herten is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Herten
Herten
Coordinates: 51°36′N 7°08′E / 51.600°N 7.133°E / 51.600; 7.133Coordinates: 51°36′N 7°08′E / 51.600°N 7.133°E / 51.600; 7.133
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionMünster
DistrictRecklinghausen
Subdivisions9
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Matthias Müller[1]
Area
 • Total37.31 km2 (14.41 sq mi)
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total61,860
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
45699, 45701
Dialling codes0 23 66,
02 09 (Westerholt),
0 23 65 (Marl)
Vehicle registrationRE
Websitewww.herten.de

GeographyEdit

Town areaEdit

Herten covers an area of 37.31 km2, with a maximum north-south extent of 9.5 km, and a maximum east-west extent of 6.5 km. The municipality's highest natural point is in Scherlebeck, close to the border with Recklinghausen, with an altitude of 110 m.[3]

Herten is divided into the following urban districts:

  • Mitte
  • Süd-West
  • Süd-Ost
  • Disteln
  • Paschenberg
  • Langenbochum
  • Scherlebeck
  • Westerholt
  • Bertlich

Neighbouring townsEdit

Herten borders Marl in the north, Recklinghausen in the east, Herne in the south, and Gelsenkirchen in the west.

HistoryEdit

Herten was the seat of the governors of the County of Vest Recklinghausen, an autonomous state within the Archbishopric of Cologne. The first time Herten was mentioned in official documents was in 1050 as Herthene. In 1867 Herten was a village with 891 inhabitants. The first coal mines in Herten were founded in 1872 and Herten developed from a village to a mining town. Depending on additional workers, the coal mines attracted many people. Therefore, Herten rapidly grew by immigration from surrounding Westphalia, from the eastern provinces of Prussia and from eastern Europe. The number of inhabitants rose from 3,616 in 1890 to 6,698 in 1895 and to 12,186 in 1900.[4] At the beginning of the 1920s 18,519 people lived in Herten.[5] When Herten obtained municipal status in 1936 it had 33,000 inhabitants.

During World War II Herten was spared serious destruction. 18 industrial plants and commercial enterprises and 145 houses were destroyed or seriously damaged.[6] Herten as a whole was destroyed by 16%. After the war 11,600 cubic metres of demolition rubble had to be removed from the streets.[7]

After the villages Westerholt and Bertlich had been incorporated into Herten in 1975 the number of inhabitants rose to 70,676. Due to the crisis of the mining industry in the 1980s the number of inhabitants started declining. The last coal mine in Herten was closed in 2008.

SightsEdit

Its best known sights are the moated red brick castle of Schloss Herten, dating back to the 14th century and surrounded by a park with a pavilion called Tabakhaus. The orangery dating from 1725 is just being renovated.[8]

The "altes Dorf Westerholt" (Westerholt old village) with its many historic half-timbered houses is in the northwestern part of Herten. Westerholt is known for its castle Schloss Westerholt which was founded in 1359, and its present buildings date from 1833.[9] The small chapel Schlosskapelle St. Martinus is just a small part of the remains of a church dating from 1310 which had been torn down in 1907. Beside the chapel a well-preserved medieval clocktower can be seen. Around the chapel and the castle many old wooden houses were renovated in the traditional style.

The former Ewald Colliery, which is a repurposed coal mine, now houses commercial space and a visitor center for green energy. Another cultural centre is Glashaus Herten dating from 1994.

Rail transportEdit

Originally Herten had a train station on the Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd–Hamm railway which was inaugurated in 1905. Passenger services, however, were discontinued in 1983 and the train station has been shut since then. When the railway line was renovated and reopened for passenger trains of line no. 9 of Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn in September 2020 the train station of Herten was not reopened again and since then the trains have passed Herten without stopping there. In August 2021, however, construction of a new train station in the centre of Herten was started. This new train station Herten-Mitte will be inaugurated in December 2022.[10] Line no. 9 of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn will be offering frequent direct rail connections from Herten to various important cities in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region. Another new train station will be built in Westerholt. Its inauguration is planned for December 2024. While it is not served by passenger rail, it is Germany's most populous city with that distinction.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Herten is twinned with:[11]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". www.herten.de. Archived from the original on 7 May 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ W. Keil: Neumanns Orts- und Verkehrslexikon, Vol. 1, p. 421. Leipzig 1905.
  5. ^ Dr. A.Genius: Habbels Konversationslexikon, Vol. 2, p.516. Regensburg 1924.
  6. ^ Dr. Erich Keyser: Westfälisches Städtebuch, Stuttgart 1954.
  7. ^ Statistisches Jahrbuch deutscher Gemeinden, p. 387. Braunschweig 1952.
  8. ^ Anton Henze et al.: Reklams Kunstführer, p. 261. Stuttgart 1959.
  9. ^ Wilhelm Voss-Gerling: Reiseführer Nordrhein-Westfalen, p. 37. Munich 1971.
  10. ^ "Bauarbeiten für Hertens S-Bahnhof starten". 21 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". herten.de (in German). Herten. Retrieved 2021-02-15.

External linksEdit