Herpestoidea

Herpestoidea is a superfamily of mammalia carnivores which includes mongooses,[2] Malagasy carnivorans[3] and the hyenas.

Herpestoidea
Temporal range: 29.51–0 Ma Oligocene – Present[1]
Herpestoidea.jpg
 Top to bottom: Fossa, spotted hyena, Indian grey mongoose
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Infraorder: Viverroidea
Superfamily: Herpestoidea
Bonaparte, 1845
Families
See text
Synonyms
Hyaenoidea

Herpestoids, with the exception of the hyenas, have a cylindrical and elongated body, which allows them to get into holes to catch prey.[2] Herpestoids are feliforms and specialize in hunting animals bigger than they are.[4]

They live throughout Eurasia, Africa and the island of Madagascar.[4]

ClassificationEdit

Phylogenetic treeEdit

The phylogenetic relationships of Herpestoidea are shown in the following cladogram:[5][6]

 Herpestoidea 
 Hyaenidae 

Percrocutidae  

Hyaenidae (hyaenas)  

Lophocyonidae

 sensu lato 
 Herpestidae 

Herpestidae (mongoose)  

Eupleridae (Malagasy mongooses)  

 sensu lato 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zhou, Y.; Wang, S.-R.; Ma, J.-Z. (2017). "Comprehensive species set revealing the phylogeny and biogeography of Feliformia (Mammalia, Carnivora) based on mitochondrial DNA". PLoS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174902.
  2. ^ a b Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Family Herpestidae". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 562–571. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Wozencraft, 2005, pp. 560–561
  4. ^ a b Smith, S. All about Herpestoidea. pp. 150–231. Retrieved 08.31.2018
  5. ^ Barycka, E. (2007). "Evolution and systematics of the feliform Carnivora". Mammalian Biology. 72 (5): 257–282. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2006.10.011.
  6. ^ Morales, J.; Mayda, S.; Valenciano, A; DeMiguel, D.; Kaya, T. (2019). "A new lophocyonid, Izmirictis cani gen. et sp. nov. (Carnivora: Mammalia), from the lower Miocene of Turkey". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 17 (16): 1347–1358. doi:10.1080/14772019.2018.1529000. hdl:10261/223616. S2CID 91268744.