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Haymana is a town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, 72 km south of the capital, Ankara. According to the 2010 census, the population of the district is 33,886, of whom 9,091 live in the town of Haymana.[6][7] The district covers an area of 2,976 km², and the average elevation is 1259 m.

Haymana
District
Location of Haymana, Ankara within Turkey.
Location of Haymana, Ankara within Turkey.
Haymana is located in Turkey
Haymana
Haymana
Location of Haymana, Ankara within Turkey.
Coordinates: 39°25′52″N 32°29′44″E / 39.43111°N 32.49556°E / 39.43111; 32.49556Coordinates: 39°25′52″N 32°29′44″E / 39.43111°N 32.49556°E / 39.43111; 32.49556
Country Turkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
ProvinceAnkara Province
Government
 • GovernorTuran Erdoğan
 • MayorÖzdemir Turgut (elected from Demokrat Parti, DP,[1] later independent,[2] and at present in AKP[3])
Area
 • District2,983.56 km2 (1,151.96 sq mi)
Elevation
1,259 m (4,131 ft)
Population
 (2012)[5]
 • Urban
8,970
 • District
31,058
 • District density10/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
06860
Area code(s)0312
Licence plate06
Websitewww.haymana.gov.tr

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
200739,310—    
200840,537+3.12%
200934,912−13.88%
201033,886−2.94%
201132,705−3.49%
201231,058−5.04%
201342,566+37.05%
201431,176−26.76%
201528,355−9.05%
201628,127−0.80%
201727,277−3.02%

Many people are leaving the villages and move to the cities (mostly Ankara, Polatlı, Gölbaşı and to a lesser extend Istanbul), because of a high unemployment rate. During the summertime the population of Haymana doubles. There is also a well-established community of people from Haymana in Western Europe, especially Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Denmark and Austria.

Age structureEdit

The district of Haymana has a relatively young population but it is ageing very quickly.

Population by age structure (2017) [9]

  0-9 years old (12.5%)
  10-19 years old (14.5%)
  20-29 years old (12.6%)
  30-39 years old (12.0%)
  40-49 (12.2%)
  50-59 (14.5%)
  60-69 (12.4%)
  70-79 (6.4%)
  aged 80 or more (2.9%)

EtymologyEdit

According to the 1074-dated dictionary Dīwān ul-Lughat al-Turk, haymana means prairie in Turkish.[10]

HistoryEdit

Archaeological excavations were launched in Gavur Kalesi, a castle situated in the village of Dereköy, in the years 1930 and 1998. The results showed that it was an important Phrygian settlement. Besides, the tumuli located in Türkhöyük and Oyaca villages prove that the area was also inhabited during the Hittite period.[11]

After the periods of the Roman and Byzantine rule, the area was captured by the Seljuk Turks in 1127. After the Battle of Köse Dağ it came under Ilkhanate control for a while. In the mid 14th century the area was annexed by the Ottomans. After a brief period of Timurid rule in the wake of the Battle of Ankara in 1402, it was re-captured by the Ottomans.[11]

Administrative structureEdit

Prominent residentsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-07-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ http://haberciniz.biz/dpden-istifa-eden-haymana-belediye-baskani-turgut-biz-demokrat-partiye-gecerken-dus-2768746h.htm
  3. ^ http://haymana.bel.tr/baskanin-ozgecmisi.html
  4. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  5. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  6. ^ Statistical Institute[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-03-27.
  8. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute
  9. ^ Template:Https://www.citypopulation.de/php/turkey-admin.php?adm2id=TR51018
  10. ^ http://www.cumhuriyet.com.tr/haber/diger/278074/Ankara_nin_ilce_isimleri.html
  11. ^ a b Municipality of Haymana, Turkey. "Brief history of Haymana" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on August 1, 2014. Retrieved 2008-03-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2013-01-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit