City of Hawkesbury
The City of Hawkesbury is a local government area of New South Wales, Australia, part of which is at the fringe of the Sydney metropolitan area, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district. Hawkesbury City is named after the Hawkesbury River.
|City of Hawkesbury|
New South Wales
Location in New South Wales
|• Density||23.268/km2 (60.264/sq mi)|
|Established||1 January 1981|
|Area||2,776 km2 (1,071.8 sq mi)|
|Mayor||Barry Calvert (Labor)|
|Region||Greater Western Sydney|
|Website||City of Hawkesbury|
Suburbs and localitiesEdit
Suburbs and localities in the City of Hawkesbury are:
- Agnes Banks (shared with City of Penrith)
- Blaxlands Ridge
- Bligh Park
- Bowen Mountain
- Bucketty (shared with Cessnock City Council)
- Cattai (shared with The Hills Shire)
- Central Colo
- Central Macdonald
- Colo Heights
- Cumberland Reach
- East Kurrajong
- Freemans Reach
- Grose Vale
- Grose Wold
- Higher Macdonald
- Kurrajong Heights
- Kurrajong Hills
- Leets Vale (shared with The Hills Shire)
- Lower Macdonald
- Lower Portland (shared with The Hills Shire)
- Maraylya (shared with The Hills Shire)
- Mcgraths Hill
- Mogo Creek
- Mountain Lagoon
- North Richmond
- Perrys Crossing
- Pitt Town
- Pitt Town Bottoms
- Richmond Lowlands
- Riverstone (shared with City of Blacktown)
- South Windsor
- St Albans
- Ten Mile Hollow (shared with Central Coast Council)
- The Devils Wilderness
- The Lowlands
- The Slopes
- Upper Colo
- Upper Macdonald
- Vineyard (shared with City of Blacktown)
- Webbs Creek
- Wheeny Creek
- Windsor Downs
- Wisemans Ferry (shared with Central Coast Council, The Hills Shire and Hornsby Shire)
- Wrights Creek
The original inhabitants of the Hawkesbury district were the Darug tribe of Aboriginals, also spelt as Dharug or Daruk. The river, which they called Derrubbin, was a focal point as a source of food and transport. The Darug people used the river to farm for fish, eels, water birds, and mussels. They also used the river as a mode of transport in bark canoes.
It was first settled by Europeans in 1794 in a bid to acquire arable land to feed the increasing population of the penal colony at Sydney. In April 1794, Lieutenant Governor Francis Grose submitted plans for the first 22 farms on the Hawkesbury River in the present Pitt Town Bottoms area. In June 1795 a camp of aborigines opposing the landtakings was harassed by a British regiment commanded by Paterson (who later regretted the necessary injustice).
By 1811 Governor Lachlan Macquarie established the five Macquarie Towns in the area. They are Windsor, Richmond, Castlereagh, Wilberforce and Pitt Town. Many of the early 19th century buildings still survive today. Ebenezer has the oldest surviving church and school building in Australia. Windsor District Council was formed in 1843 and disbanded in 1846. In 1871 the Borough Council of Windsor was founded and the Richmond Borough Council followed in 1872. The two councils amalgamated in 1949 to become the Municipality of Windsor. Colo Shire Council was established in 1906 and joined Windsor Municipal Council from 1 January 1981 to become Hawkesbury Shire Council. On 1 July 1989, Hawkesbury became a City.
On its creation in 1981, Hawkesbury was largely rural, but urban expansion within Sydney has since transformed the southern part of the area into dormitory suburbs. The northern part of the local government area still contains some farmlands and national parkland.
At the 2016 Census, there were 64,592 people in the Hawkesbury local government area. Of these, 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.7% of the population, which is 1.3% above the national average. The median age of people in the City of Hawkesbury was 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.9% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 49.3% were married and 12.4% were either divorced or separated.
Population in the City of Hawkesbury between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 0.54%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 2.96%. Between the 2011 and 2016 Census, population increased by a further 1.04%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, population growth in Hawkesbury local government area was significantly lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Hawkesbury has been consistently marginally higher than the national average.
At the 2016 Census, the proportion of residents in the Hawkesbury local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or English amounted to 60%, which decreased from 62% in 2011. The majority of people from the Hawkesbury identified as having a Catholic (27.5%) or Anglican (24.6%) religious affiliation in 2016.
|Selected historical census data for Hawkesbury local government area|
|Population||Estimated residents on census night||60,887||60,561||62,353||64,592|
|LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales||34th|
|% of New South Wales population||0.90%|
|% of Australian population||0.32%||0.31%||0.29%|
|Cultural and language diversity|
(other than English)
|Presbyterian and Reformed||3.0%||5.7%||2.8%|
|Median weekly incomes|
|Personal income||Median weekly personal income||A$527||A$622||A$728|
|% of Australian median income||113.1%||107.8%||110.0%|
|Family income||Median weekly family income||A$1,146||A$1,598||A$1,916|
|% of Australian median income||111.6%||107.9%||110.5%|
|Household income||Median weekly household income||A$1,290||A$1,385||A$1,668|
|% of Australian median income||110.2%||112.2%||116.0%|
Current composition and election methodEdit
Hawkesbury City Council is composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as one entire ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council is as follows:
|Independents and Unaligned||5|
The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is:
|Barry Calvert||Labor||Mayor 2018–date, Deputy Mayor 2016–2018|
|Mary Lyons-Buckett||Independent||Deputy Mayor 2018–date, Mayor 2016–2018|
|1981 – 27 September 1994|
|Dr Rex Stubbs||Independent||27 September 1994 – 30 September 1997|||
|30 September 1997 – 29 September 1999|
|Dr Rex Stubbs||Independent||29 September 1999 – 27 September 2004|||
|Bart Bassett||Liberal||27 September 2004 – 18 September 2006|||
|Dr Rex Stubbs||Independent||18 September 2006 – 18 September 2007|||
|Bart Bassett||Liberal||18 September 2007 – 20 September 2011|||
|Kim Ford||20 September 2011 – 10 September 2016|||
|Mary Lyons-Buckett||Independent||27 September 2016 – 18 September 2018|||
|Barry Calvert||Labor||18 September 2018 – date|||
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
- "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
- "Hawkesbury City Council". Division of Local Government. Archived from the original on 6 September 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2006.
- "Untitled Document". www.westernsydneylibraries.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- Grassby, Albert Jaime; Hill, Marji (1988). Six Australian Battlefields. Angus & Robertson. p. 324. ISBN 1864486724.
- "ELECTIONS POSTPONED 40 country councils in NSW to amalgamate". The Canberra Times. 54 (16, 346). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 27 June 1980. p. 6. Retrieved 2 November 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Details of new NSW local government". The Canberra Times. 55 (16, 459). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 18 October 1980. p. 9. Retrieved 2 November 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "History of the Hawkesbury". Hawkesbury City Council. 2012. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1919—PROCLAMATION". Government Gazette Of The State Of New South Wales (81). New South Wales, Australia. 30 June 1989. p. 3854. Retrieved 8 March 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "2016 Census QuickStats: Hawkesbury (C)". quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- "Hawkesbury City Council - Summary of First Preference and Group Votes for each Candidate". Local Government Elections 2016. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- "Councillors - Biographical Details". Hawkesbury City Council. Archived from the original on 15 July 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "Councillor Bart Bassett". Councillors – Biographical details. Hawkesbury City Council. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- "Dr Rex STUBBS - Medal of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour database. Australian Government. 11 June 2001. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
For service to local government, and to the community of the Hawkesbury area.
- "Special Meeting Minutes" (PDF). City of Hawkesbury. 18 September 2007. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "Extraordinary Meeting Minutes" (PDF). City of Hawkesbury. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Machado, Lawrence (22 September 2014). "Liberal Kim Ford scores a fourth term as Hawkesbury Mayor". Rouse Hill Times. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Shaw, Roderick (16 September 2015). "Hawkesbury Mayor re-elected with new deputy". Hawkesbury Gazette. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "NEW MAYOR AND DEPUTY MAYOR ELECTED FOR HAWKESBURY". Hills to Hawkesbury Living. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Pollard, Krystyna (19 September 2018). "Name of new mayor pulled out of hat after votes deadlocked at council". Hawkesbury Gazette. Retrieved 9 March 2019.