Hawaiian pizza

Hawaiian pizza is a type of pizza originating in Canada,[1][2][3][4][5][6] best known for having pineapple and either ham or bacon as toppings.

Hawaiian pizza with pineapple chunks
A slice of Hawaiian pan pizza

Hawaiian pizza is commonly considered[weasel words] controversial, provoking passionate and polarizing debate, mainly focused on the inclusion of pineapple.


Sam Panopoulos, a Greek-born Canadian, created the first Hawaiian pizza at the Satellite Restaurant in Chatham, Ontario, Canada in 1962. Inspired in part by his experience preparing Chinese dishes which commonly mix sweet and savoury flavours, Panopoulos experimented with adding pineapple, ham, bacon and other toppings. These additions were not initially very popular.[7][8][9][10][11] The addition of pineapple to the traditional mix of tomato sauce and cheese, sometimes with ham or sometimes with bacon, soon became popular locally and eventually became a staple offering of pizzerias around the world.[12] In regards to the naming of the dish, Panopoulos chose Hawaiian after the brand of canned pineapple they used.[13]

In Germany, Hawaiian pizza is thought to be a variation of the ham, pineapple and cheese-topped Toast Hawaii, originally introduced by Germany's first TV cook Clemens Wilmenrod in 1955.[14][15][16]

In popular mediaEdit

In 2014, Time listed Hawaiian pizza first on its list of "The 13 Most Influential Pizzas of All Time".[17][18]

In 2017, Icelandic president Guðni Th. Jóhannesson reportedly told a group of high school students during a Q&A that he was fundamentally opposed to the idea of putting pineapple on pizza. He added that he would ban pineapple as a pizza topping if he could, as long as he received 30% of the under 21 vote. His off-the-cuff remark generated a flurry of media coverage and inspired those who liked and disliked Hawaiian pizza to express their opinions on social media. Celebrities shared their preferences on the matter,[19][20][21][22] including Canada's prime minister, Justin Trudeau, who expressed support for Hawaiian pizza by tweeting: “I have a pineapple. I have a pizza. And I stand behind this delicious Southwestern Ontario creation."[23][24] Panopoulos, at that point retired from the restaurant business, was called upon by some media outlets to defend his creation.[10][25] Guðni later clarified that he did not have the power to ban particular toppings on pizza and would not like to live in a country where the leader could ban anything he or she did not like.[26]

American author John Green reflected on the dish's cosmopolitan origins and reach, noting its Canadian invention by a Greek immigrant, inspired by Chinese cuisine to put a South American fruit on an Italian dish, which has gained its greatest popularity in Australia.[27]

Vegan Hawaiian pizza recipes also abound on the internet.[28][29][30][31][32][33]


Hawaiian was the most popular pizza in Australia in 1999, accounting for 15% of pizza sales.[34]

A 2015 review of independent UK takeaways operating through Just Eat found the Hawaiian pizza to be the most commonly available.[35]

A 2016 Harris Poll survey of US adults had pineapple in the top three least favorite pizza toppings, ahead of anchovies and mushrooms.[36]

According to a 2019 YouGov Omnibus survey, 12% of Americans who eat pizza say that pineapple is one of their top three favorite pizza toppings, and 24% say that pineapple is one of their least favorite toppings. It was not the most disliked topping however, as ingredients were even more widely unpopular in the survey: anchovies and eggplant.[37]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Hawaiian pizza inventor Sam Panopoulos dies aged 83". BBC. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  2. ^ Gajanan, Mahita. "The Man Who Invented Hawaiian Pizza Has Died". Time. Time USA, LLC. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Canadian inventor of Hawaiian pizza defends pineapple after Iceland's president disses fruit topping". CBC. CBC/Radio-Canada. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  4. ^ Taylor, Kate. "The real story behind the world's most controversial type of pizza is an inspirational tale of international triumph". Insider. Insider Inc. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  5. ^ Hawthorn, Tom (26 June 2017). "Canadian Sam Panopoulos created the Hawaiian pizza". The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  6. ^ Johnston, Chris (10 June 2017). "Sam Panopoulos, inventor of Hawaiian pizza, dies aged 83". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  7. ^ Dan Nosowitz (4 June 2015), "Meet the 81-Year-Old Greek-Canadian Inventor of the Hawaiian Pizza". 4 June 2015. accessed 19 May 2017
  8. ^ Bob Boughner (26 June 2010), Aloha! Hawaiian pizza born in Chatham? Archived 2012-07-22 at archive.today, The Chatham Daily News. Accessed 7 February 2017
  9. ^ Geoff Turner (14 July 2010), Canadian invented the Hawaiian pizza, Toronto Sun/Sun Media. Accessed 7 February 2017
  10. ^ a b Helen Mann (February 21, 2017), Canadian inventor of Hawaiian pizza defends pineapple after Iceland's president disses fruit topping, CBC As It Happens. Accessed 19 May 2017
  11. ^ Helen Mann (February 21, 2017), Canadian inventor of the Hawaiian defends pineapple after Iceland president sneers at fruit on pizza, CBC Radio Interview As It Happens. Accessed 19 May 2017
  12. ^ Devon Scoble (April 5, 2016). "The History of Hawaiian Pizza". FoodNetwork.ca.
  13. ^ MAHITA GAJANAN (June 11, 2017). "The Man Who Invented Hawaiian Pizza Has Died". Time.
  14. ^ Driesner, Heidi (24 January 2015). ""Toast Hawaii" wird 60" (in German). n-tv. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  15. ^ Foede, Petra (4 February 2011). "Es gibt keinen Toast auf Hawaii" (in German). Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  16. ^ Ganz, Rabea (5 August 2013). "Herrn Paulsens Deutschstunde: Toast Hawaii" (in German). Effilee. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  17. ^ Begley, Sarah (May 5, 2014). "The 13 Most Influential Pizzas of All Time". Time (magazine). Archived from the original on August 2020.
  18. ^ Carman, Tim (April 23, 2019). "Pineapple on pizza is easy to hate — at least in theory". Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  19. ^ Jimmy Kimmel (Mar 8, 2017). Jimmy Kimmel Settles the Pineapple Pizza Debate. Jimmy Kimmel Live – via YouTube.
  20. ^ Larimer, Sarah (4 March 2017). "The pizza guy's at the door. And he looks a lot like Alexander Ovechkin". The Washington Post.
  21. ^ Larimer, Sarah (3 March 2017). "Capitals' Ovechkin delivers pizza, says his favorite kind is Hawaiian". The Washington Post.
  22. ^ Fecteau, Jessica (8 May 2017). "Is Pineapple Acceptable on Pizza? Justin Bieber, Paris Hilton and More Celebs Weigh In". Time Inc.
  23. ^ Trudeau, Justin (Feb 24, 2017). "I have a pineapple. I have a pizza. And I stand behind this delicious Southwestern Ontario creation. #TeamPineapple @Canada". Retrieved Jan 12, 2020.
  24. ^ Pant, Priyanka (26 February 2017). "When It Comes To Pizza Toppings, Canada's PM Justin Trudeau Is #TeamPineapple". NDTV.
  25. ^ Shreve, Ellwood (February 24, 2017). "Hawaiian pizza just part of story". Chatham Daily News. Archived from the original on March 10, 2017. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  26. ^ Jon Henley (21 February 2017). "Iceland's president forced to clarify views on pineapple pizza ban". The Guardian.
  27. ^ Green, John. "Hawaiian Pizza and Viral Meningitis". The Anthropocene Reviewed. WNYC Studios. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  28. ^ Taylor N. Hawaiian BBQ Vegan Pizza. May 24, 2018. Nora Cooks. Accessed 8/2/2021
  29. ^ Vegan Hawaiian BBQ Pizza: Blocks, Shreds, Specials, Veganuary. Violife company website. Accessed 8/2/2021
  30. ^ West J. Pineapple Veggie Lovers Pizza (Vegan). July 2012; revised February 2020. The Simple Veganista. Accessed 8/2/2021
  31. ^ Andrews A. Thin-Crust Hawaiian Vegan Pizza. Apr 18, 2017. Modified: Jun 28, 2021. Loving It Vegan. Accessed 8/2/2021
  32. ^ Moon W. Vegan Hawaiian BBQ Pizza. June 14, 2017. Create Mindfully. Accessed 8/2/2021
  33. ^ Hackmann J. Vegan Hawaiian Pizza (newly inspired). June 4, 2020. VE Eat Cook Bake. Accessed 8/2/2021
  34. ^ Steve Green (1999). PMQ Goes to Australia, Pizza Marketing Quarterly, Last accessed 7 February 2017
  35. ^ Scott, Patrick (17 September 2015). "Top ten most popular pizzas in the UK revealed – is your favourite on the list?". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  36. ^ Birth, Allyssa (23 February 2016). "Pepperoni Tops Americans' List of Favorite Pizza Toppings". The Harris Poll. Harris Interactive. Archived from the original on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  37. ^ Jamie Ballard. "Does pineapple belong on a pizza?". today.yougov.com. YouGov. Archived from the original on 2019-04-21.

External linksEdit