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Hau Wong Temple at Junction Road, Hong Kong

Hau Wong or Hou Wang (Chinese: 侯王; Jyutping: hau4 wong4) is a title that can be translated as "Prince Marquis" or "Holy Marquis". It is not any one person's name.[1] Hau Wong refers usually to Yeung Leung-jit (楊亮節), a loyal and courageous general. Despite his failing health, he remained in the army to protect the last emperor of Southern Song Dynasty when he took refuge southwards in Kowloon.[2]

Contents

Temples in Hong KongEdit

There are several temples dedicated to Hau Wong in Hong Kong, including six temples in Yuen Long.[3] These temples can be named Hau Wong Temple or Yeung Hau Temple (楊侯古廟). The table provides a partial list of these temples:
Note 1: A territory-wide grade reassessment of historic buildings is ongoing. The grades listed in the table are based on this update (10 September 2013). The temples with no status listed in the table below are not graded and do not appear in the list of historic buildings considered for grading.
Note 2: While most probably incomplete, this list is tentatively exhaustive.

Islands DistrictEdit

Location Notes Status References Photographs
Tai O, Lantau Island

22°15′33″N 113°51′46″E / 22.259088°N 113.86275°E / 22.259088; 113.86275 (Yeung Hau Temple, Tai O)

The Yeung Hau Temple in Tai O was built in 1699.[4]

Pictures of Hau Wong Festival: [1][2]

Grade I
Tung Chung, Lantau Island

22°16′49″N 113°55′52″E / 22.280283°N 113.931228°E / 22.280283; 113.931228 (Hau Wong Temple, Tung Chung)

This Hau Wong Temple was built in 1765[5] and is the largest Hau Wong temple in Lantau island.[6] Grade II [3]
Shek Pik, Lantau Island Inundated by the Shek Pik Reservoir in 1960.[5] Non extant [4]

Sha Tin DistrictEdit

Location Notes Status References Photographs
Tai Wai Village, Tai Wai, Sha Tin District

22°22′34″N 114°10′41″E / 22.376043°N 114.178108°E / 22.376043; 114.178108 (Hau Wong Temple, Tai Wai Village)

Built in 1983.[7] It replaced an earlier temple, probably built in 1884 and demolished in 1982.[8]

Pictures of Hau Wong Festival: [5]

Not listed [6]

Wong Tai Sin DistrictEdit

Location Notes Status References Photographs
Kowloon City area, at the southwestern corner of Wong Tai Sin District. At the junction of Tung Tau Tsuen Road and Junction Road, right opposite the Kowloon Walled City Park.

22°19′58″N 114°11′15″E / 22.332783°N 114.187464°E / 22.332783; 114.187464 (Hau Wong Temple, Kowloon City)

(zh) This Hau Wong Temple was built around 1730.[9] Historic characters in the temple are said to have been worked on by Chang Yu-tang, Commodore of Dapeng, general of Kowloon Walled City. It is believed that Emperor Bing of Song and his brother Emperor Duanzong of Song made their last stance in the Song Dynasty.[10] Previously Grade I, now declared

Yuen Long DistrictEdit

Location Notes Status References Photographs
Hang Tau Tsuen, next to Sheung Cheung Wai, Ping Shan, Yuen Long District

22°26′47″N 114°00′28″E / 22.446447°N 114.0077°E / 22.446447; 114.0077 (Yeung Hau Temple, Hang Tau Tsuen)

Yeung Hau Temple, Ping Shan (屏山楊侯古廟). Partly dedicated to Hau Wong. The temple is part of the Ping Shan Heritage Trail.[11][12] Grade III
Tong Yan San Tsuen (唐人新村), Ping Shan, Yuen Long District

22°26′02″N 114°00′45″E / 22.433877°N 114.012505°E / 22.433877; 114.012505 (Yeung Hau Temple, Tong Yan San Tsuen)

This Yeung Hau Temple is also known as Yee Ling Temple and Za Ling Temple. Situated to the east of Tong Yan San Tsuen near Sha Tseng Road (沙井路),[13] it was built in 1711.[14] Grade III [7] [8]
Tung Tau Tsuen (東頭村), Ha Tsuen, Yuen Long District

22°27′13″N 113°59′35″E / 22.453628°N 113.993086°E / 22.453628; 113.993086 (Yeung Hau Temple, Tung Tau Tsuen (Ha Tsuen))

Yeung Hau Temple, Ha Tsuen (廈村楊侯宮). Declared[15] [9] [10] [11]
San Wai (新圍), Ha Tsuen, Yuen Long District

22°27′10″N 113°59′23″E / 22.452783°N 113.989659°E / 22.452783; 113.989659 (Yeung Hau Temple, San Wai (Ha Tsuen))

This Yeung Hau Temple is also called the Sai Tau Miu (西頭廟; 'the western temple').[16] It was renovated in 1901. It serves as the social venue which plays the dual roles as a temple and an ancestral hall of San Wai. Basin meal feasts are organized in front of the Temple during Yeung Hau Festival and Lunar New Year.[17] Nil grade [12] [13]
Sik Kong Wai (錫降圍), Ha Tsuen, Yuen Long District

22°26′56″N 113°59′32″E / 22.448985°N 113.992194°E / 22.448985; 113.992194 (Yeung Hau Temple, Sik Kong Wai)

This Yeung Hau Temple is situated at Sik Kong Wai, a Tangs' walled village in Ha Tsuen with its name recorded in the Xin'an Gazetteer of 1820.[18] no grade [14]
No. 26C Cheung Shing Street, Yuen Long Kau Hui, Yuen Long

22°26′50″N 114°01′57″E / 22.447341°N 114.032422°E / 22.447341; 114.032422 (Tai Wong Temple, Cheung Shing Street)

Tai Wong Temple, Yuen Long Kau Hui (元朗舊墟大王廟). It was probably built between 1662-1722. It is the main temple of Nam Pin Wai as well as Yuen Long Kau Hui.[19] It was built for the worship of the two "Tai Wongs", Hung Shing and Yeung Hau.[20] Other than for worship, the temple was a venue for solving disputes and discussing market affairs among the villagers.[21] It also once served as a yamen and the officials lived there.[19] Grade I
Wong Uk Tsuen, Yuen Long District

22°26′54″N 114°02′17″E / 22.448398°N 114.037999°E / 22.448398; 114.037999 (Yi Shing Temple, Wong Uk Tsuen)

Yi Shing Temple (二聖宮), conventionally called Tai Wong Temple. It is mainly for the worship of Hung Shing and Yeung Hau deities. Renovation was carried out in 1924. It still acts as an alliance temple of the Tung Tau Alliance (東頭約) formed by the seven villages next to Yuen Long Kau Hui. In the old days, the temple operated a credit society serving the alliance villages.[22][23] Nil grade [15] [16]
Yuen Kong Tsuen (元崗村), Pat Heung, Yuen Long District

22°25′32″N 114°04′40″E / 22.425563°N 114.077705°E / 22.425563; 114.077705 (Chung Shing Temple, Yuen Kong Tsuen)

Chung Shing Temple (眾聖宮, Temple of All Saints). The main deity of the temple is Pak Tai with some others including Hau Wong and the Earth God.[24] Grade III [17]

Temples outside of Hong KongEdit

Location Notes Status References Photographs
Herberton Road in Atherton, Queensland, Australia The Hou Wang Temple is dedicated to bodyguard commander Yang Liang Chieh in 1280 AD, who was responsible for the life of the 8 year old Emperor Bing of Song losing to the Mongols in the falling Song Dynasty[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Frederick, Holder. Livernash, Edward James. [1892] (1892). The Californian Illustrated Magazine: December, 1892 to May 1893 Volume III. The Californian Publishing Company. No ISBN digitized text
  2. ^ Chinese Temples Committee website
  3. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office website
  4. ^ Chinese Temples Committee: Hau Wong Temple, Tai O
  5. ^ a b Siu, Anthony K.K. (1980). "Distribution of temples on Lantau Island as recorded in 1979" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch. Vol. 20: 136–139. ISSN 1991-7295.
  6. ^ Tung Chung Hau Wong Temple
  7. ^ Tai Wai Walled Village and its Hau Wong Temple
  8. ^ "Old Hau Wong Temple, Tai Wai, Sha Tin", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Vol. 23, 1983. p.233-240
  9. ^ Chinese Temples Committee: Hau Wong Temple, Junction Road
  10. ^ Lim, Patricia. [2002] (2002). Discovering Hong Hong's Cultural Heritage. Central, Hong Kong: Oxford University Press. ISBN Volume One 0-19-592723-0
  11. ^ Ping Shan Trail at hkoutdoors.com
  12. ^ Ping Shan Heritage Trail - Yeung Hau Temple, Hang Tau Tsuen
  13. ^ Introduction to 1444 Historic Buildings. Item #1045
  14. ^ Historic Building Appraisal: Yeung Hau Temple, Tong Yan San Tsuen
  15. ^ Declared Monuments in Hong Kong - Tung Tau Tsuen, Ha Tsuen Yeung Hau Temple
  16. ^ Historic Building Appraisal: Yeung Hau Temple, San Wai, Ha Tsuen
  17. ^ Brief Information on proposed Grade Nil Items. Item #1415
  18. ^ Historic Building Appraisal: Brief Information on proposed Grade Nil Items, pp.361-362
  19. ^ a b Historic Building Appraisal: Introduction to 1444 Historic Buildings, p.178
  20. ^ thaiworldview.com - Nam Pin Wai and Sai Pin Wai villages
  21. ^ Historic Building Appraisal: Brief Information on Proposed Grade I Items, p.354
  22. ^ Historic Building Appraisal: Yi Shing Temple, Wong Uk Tsuen
  23. ^ Introduction to 1444 Historic Buildings. Item #1265
  24. ^ Historic Building Appraisal: Brief Information on Grade III Items. Item #1065
  25. ^ Houwang. "Houwang." Australian Temple website. Retrieved on 2007-05-08.
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