Heritage conservation in Hong Kong
This article details the history and status of Heritage conservation in Hong Kong, as well as the role of various stakeholders.
An indication of the size of the built heritage in Hong Kong is given by a territory-wide survey conducted by the Antiquities and Monuments Office (AMO) between 1996 and 2000, which recorded some 8,800 buildings. The preservation of Intangible Cultural Heritage is also an emerging theme.
Government agencies and legislationEdit
In alphabetical order:
As of 20 May 2016, there were 114 declared monuments in Hong Kong, and as of February 2013, there were 917 graded historic buildings (153 Grade I, 322 Grade II, 442 Grade III), of which 203 were owned by the Government and 714 by private bodies.
Grades for historic buildings are defined as follows:
- Grade I: "Buildings of outstanding merit, which every effort should be made to preserve if possible."
- Grade II: "Buildings of special merit; efforts should be made to selectively preserve."
- Grade III: "Buildings of some merit; preservation in some form would be desirable and alternative means could be considered if preservation is not practicable."
Surveys and assessmentEdit
A territory-wide survey on historic buildings conducted by the Antiquities and Monuments Office (AMO) between 1996 and 2000 recorded some 8,800 buildings. A more detailed survey conducted between 2002-2004 focused on 1,444 buildings. In March 2005, a seven-member Expert Panel comprising historians and members of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects, Hong Kong Institute of Planners and Hong Kong Institute of Engineers was formed by the Antiquities Advisory Board (AAB) to assess the heritage value of these buildings. The assessment was completed on 19 March 2009. As part of this work, the AMO proposed changes in the grading of historic buildings: 212 buildings to be Grade I, 366 to be Grade II, and 576 to be Grade III, and no grading for the remaining 290 ones. Current grades may be increased, decreased or removed.
Conservation initiatives include:
The demolition of several historic buildings has led to public protest in recent years. This included the Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier (demolition completed in early 2007) and Queen's Pier, demolished in February 2008.
Other issues include:
- Ownership of historic buildings and private owners' rights
- Funding of Heritage conservation programs
Intangible cultural heritageEdit
The preservation of Intangible Cultural Heritage is an emerging theme in Hong Kong, with The Intangible Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee having held its first meeting on July 9, 2008. A territory-wide survey was carried out in 2011.
- Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre, in Kowloon Park. Opened in October 2005, it is managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department (LCSD)
- Hong Kong Heritage Museum (Sha Tin) (LCSD)
- Hong Kong Museum of History (Tsim Sha Tsui) (LCSD)
- Hong Kong Public Records Building is an archival facility for the preservation of records of the Hong Kong Government. It is run by Government Records Service and located in Kwun Tong near Tsui Ping Estate.
Several other museums are dedicated to heritage and history. Most of them are hosted in historic buildings thematically connected with the displays. Heritage Trails have been opened to facilitate the visit of historic buildings.
- "Commissioner for Heritage's Office". www.heritage.gov.hk. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
- "Hong Kong Government's Central Conservation Section website". Archived from the original on 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "List of declared monuments on LCSD website" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-16. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- Report No. 60 of the Director of Audit, Chapter 1: "Conservation of monuments and historic buildings", 28 March 2013.
- "Results of the Assessment of 1,444 Historic Buildings" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
- Press Release: "Completion of the assessment of 1,444 historic buildings announced". March 19, 2009[permanent dead link]
- "Composition of the Expert Panel for the Assessment of 1,444 Historic Buildings" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
- "List of the Historic Buildings in Building Assessment (as of 18 March 2009)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2009.
- "Heritage Impact Assessment Mechanism for Capital Works Projects" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
- Revitalising Historic Buildings Through Partnership Scheme
- "Press release: "Intangible Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee holds first meeting". July 9, 2008". Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- "Introduction | Territory-wide Survey of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Hong Kong". hkheritage.ust.hk. Retrieved 2016-05-08.