Haruko Sugimura

Haruko Sugimura (杉村 春子, Sugimura Haruko, January 6, 1909 – April 4, 1997) was a Japanese stage and film actress, best known for her appearances in the films of Yasujirō Ozu and Mikio Naruse from the late 1940s to the early 1960s.

Haruko Sugimura
Haruko Sugimura 01.jpg
Haruko Sugimura in May 1953
Born
Haruko Nakano[1]

(1909-01-06)January 6, 1909
Hiroshima, Japan
DiedApril 4, 1997(1997-04-04) (aged 88)
Tokyo, Japan
NationalityJapanese
OccupationActress
Years active1927–1996

BiographyEdit

Sugimura was born in Nishi-ku, Hiroshima.[2] After the death of her parents, she was adopted at an early age by affluent lumber dealers, only learning much later that they were not her biological parents.[3][4] (Sugimura reputedly claimed that she was the illegitimate child of a geisha.)[3] Her adoptive parents took her to performances of both classical Japanese stage arts like kabuki and bunraku, and western ballet and opera. They also encouraged her to enroll at the Tokyo Ongaku Gakko (now Tokyo University of the Arts), where she failed the exams.[4] She then joined the Tsukiji Shōgekijō (Tsukiji Little Theatre), Tokyo, in 1927, and later the Bungakuza theatre company, which she remained affiliated with from 1937 until her retirement in 1996.[5][6][7]

She gave her film debut in 1932 in Eizo Tanaka's Namiko (1932).[a] Between 1937 and the end of the war, she acted in about 20 films, including works by directors Yasujirō Shimazu and Shirō Toyoda.[9] Notable post-war film appearances were in Keisuke Kinoshita's Morning for the Osone Family (1946) and in Ozu's Late Spring (1949).[4] Her most important film roles included that of Shige, the elderly couple's hairdresser daughter in Ozu's Tokyo Story (1953),[4][10] Naruse's Late Chrysanthemums (1954),[10] and Tadashi Imai's An Inlet of Muddy Water (1953).[11] For her film performances, she received the Blue Ribbon Award, the Kinema Junpo Award and the Mainichi Film Award.

On stage, she was successful as Blanche Dubois in A Streetcar Named Desire, Gertrude in Hamlet and Asako Kageyama in Yukio Mishima's Rokumeikan.[4] Her most popular and often repeated stage role was Kei Nunobiki in Kaoru Morimoto's A Woman's Life,[7] for which she received numerous awards, including the Japan Art Academy Prize and the Asahi Prize.[12] In 1992, she was awarded the honorary citizenship of the city of Tokyo.[5] In 1995, she refused the Order of Culture award.[4] The same year saw the release of her last film, Kaneto Shindō's A Last Note.[9]

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

  • Namiko (1932)
  • Asakusa no hi (1937)
  • Uguisu (1938)
  • Wedding Day (1940)
  • Okumura Ioko (1940)
  • Spring on Leper's Island (1940) – Yokogawa's wife
  • Ōhinata-mura (1940)
  • Waga ai no ki (1941)
  • Shirasagi (1941)
  • Jirō monogatari (1941)
  • Nankai no hanataba (1942) – Nobuko Hotta
  • Haha no chizu (1942) – Isano Kishi
  • Gekiryu (1944)
  • Army (1944) – Setsu
  • Kanjōkai no bara (1945)
  • Umi no yobu koe (1945)
  • Ōsone-ke no ashita (1946) – Fusako Ōsone
  • Urashima Tarō no kōei (1946)
  • No Regrets for Our Youth (1946) – Madame Noge, Ryukichi's mother
  • Yottsu no koi no monogatari (1947) – Yukiko's mother (episode 1)
  • Joen (1947)
  • Haru no mezame (1947)
  • Sanbon yubi no otoko (1947) – Itoko
  • Yuwaku (1948) – Tokie
  • Te o tsunagu kora (1948)
  • Idainaru X (1948) – Taka
  • Toki no teizo: zengohen (1948)
  • Kurogumo kaido (1948)
  • Koku'un kaido (1948)
  • Beni imada kiezu (1949)
  • Yotsuya kaidan (1949) – Omaki
  • Shinshaku Yotsuya kaidan: kōhen (1949) – Omaki
  • Late Spring (1949) – Masa Taguchi
  • Onna no shiki (1950)
  • Until We Meet Again (1950) – Ono Suga
  • Listen to the Voices of the Sea (1950) – Kohagi Nakamura
  • Eriko to tomoni Part I + II (1951) – Harue Matsumura
  • Jiyū gakkō (1951)
  • Early Summer (1951) – Tami Yabe
  • Fireworks Over the Sea (1951) – Kono Kujirai
  • Repast (1951) – Matsu Murata, Michiyo's mother
  • Inochi uruwashi (1951) – Mine Imura
  • Seishun kaigi (1952) – Tamiyo
  • Genroku suikoden (1952) – Onui
  • Kaze futatabi (1952)
  • Kin no tamago: Golden girl (1952) – Tsuruko Fujimura
  • Wakai hito (1952)
  • Senba zuru (1953) – Chikako Kurimoto
  • Montenrupa: Bokyo no uta (1953)
  • Kimi ni sasageshi inochi nariseba (1953)
  • Tokyo Story (1953) – Shige Kaneko
  • Life of a Woman (1953) – Tamae, Shintaro's mother
  • An Inlet of Muddy Water (1953) – O-Hatsu (story 3)
  • Geisha Konatsu (1954) – Raku Kamioka
  • Late Chrysanthemums (1954) – Kin
  • Shunkin monogatari (1954) – Oei
  • Kunsho (1954)
  • Meiji ichidai onna (1955) – Ohide
  • Keisatsu Nikki (1955) – Moyo Sugita, a go-between
  • Princess Yang Kwei-Fei (1955) – Princess Yen-chun
  • Geisha Konatsu: Hitori neru yo no Konatsu (1955) – Raku Kamioka
  • She Was Like a Wild Chrysanthemum (1955) – Masao's mother
  • Aogashima no kodomotachi – Onna kyōshi no kiroku (1956) – Chie Yamada
  • Early Spring (1956) – Tamako Tamura
  • Yonjū-hassai no teikō (1956) – Satoko, Kotaro's wife
  • Nagareru (1956) – Someka
  • Onna no ashi ato (1956)
  • The Crowded Streetcar (1957) – Otome, the mother
  • Tokyo Twilight (1957) – Shigeko Takeuchi
  • Kanashimi wa onna dakeni (1958) – Chiyoko
  • Hana no bojō (1958) – Rie Ikegami
  • Iwashigumo (1958) – Mother
  • Nemuri Kyōshirō burai hikae: Maken jigoku (1958) – Sonoe
  • Good Morning (1959) – Kikue Haraguchi
  • Bibō ni tsumi ari (1959) – Fusa Yoshino
  • Anyakōro (1959) – Osai
  • Kashimanada no onna (1959)
  • The Three Treasures (1959) – Narrator
  • Floating Weeds (1959) – Oyoshi
  • Tenpō rokkasen – Jigoku no hanamichi (1960) – Okuma
  • Musume tsuma haha (1960) – Kayo Tani
  • Daughters, Wives and a Mother (1960) – Kayo Tani
  • Ashi ni sawatta onna (1960) – Pickpocket Haruko
  • Furyu fukagawata (1960)
  • Banana (1960)
  • Kutsukake Tokijirō (1961) – Oroku
  • The End of Summer (1961) – Katou Shige
  • Buddha (1961) – Vaidehi
  • Hangyakuji (1961)
  • Katei no jijō (1962) – Mrs. Yoshii
  • Onna no za (1962) – Aki, Ishikawa-ke no gosai
  • Ashita aru kagiri (1962)
  • Musume to watashi (1962) – Kiyo Kitagawa
  • The Outcast (1962) – School master's wife
  • An Autumn Afternoon (1962) – Tomoko
  • Kaigun (1963)
  • Mother (1963) – Yoshie
  • The Scent of Incense (1964) – Taromaru
  • Akujo (1964) – Hatsu Mimura
  • Kwaidan (1964) – Madame (story 4)
  • Samurai Assassin (1965) – Tsuru
  • With Beauty and Sorrow (1965) – Otoko's mother
  • Red Beard (1965) – Kin, the madam
  • Daikon to ninjin (1965)
  • Dark the Mountain Snow (1966) – Ine's mother
  • Jinchoge (1966) – Aki Ueno, Daphne
  • Hanaoka Seishū no tsuma (1967) – Narrator
  • Hitorikko (1969)
  • Kaseki no mori (1973)
  • Akumyo: shima arashi (1974) – Ito
  • Kaseki (1974) – Mother-in-law
  • Bokuto kidan (1992) – Kafu's mother
  • A Last Note (1995) – Yoko Morimoto

Television (selected)Edit

  • Sekigahara (1981) - Kita no mandokoro

Awards (selected)Edit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although the Japanese Movie Database and Internet Movie Database list Yasujirō Shimazu's Asakusa no hi as Sugimura's film debut, she had previously appeared in a small role in Tanaka's Namiko.[4][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "杉村春子 (Haruko Sugimura)". Kinenote (in Japanese). Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  2. ^ "広島ゆかりの人物情報" (in Japanese). Hiroshima City Library. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b Fukuda, Kazuya (10 June 2012). "迫真の演技で観客を緊迫へと引きずりこむ---「狂った」女優 女優の近代Vol.7". 現代ビジネスプレミアム (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Daniel, Rob (8 April 1997). "Obituary: Haruko Sugimura". The Independent. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  5. ^ a b "杉村 春子 [1906-1997] (Haruko Sugimura [1906-1997])". Bungakuza (in Japanese). Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  6. ^ Kiuchi, Noboru. "杉村春子 自分で選んだ道ですもの (Haruko Sugimura – This is the path I chose)" (in Japanese). Nikkei Style. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  7. ^ a b Wetmore, Jr., Kevin J.; Liu, Siyuan; Mee, Erin B. (2014). Modern Asian Theatre and Performance 1900–2000. London, New York: Bloomsbury. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-4081-7720-4.
  8. ^ 川本三郎 (Saburo Kawamoto) (1996). 君美わしく―戦後日本映画女優讃 (Your beauty: Post-war Japanese film actresses). Tokyo: 文藝春秋 (Bungeishunjū). p. 147. ISBN 978-4-16-352390-3.
  9. ^ a b "杉村春子 (Haruko Sugimura)". Japanese Movie Database (in Japanese). Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  10. ^ a b Russell, Catherine (2008). The Cinema of Naruse Mikio: Women and Japanese Modernity. Durham and London: Duke University Press. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-8223-4290-8.
  11. ^ Kirkup, James (11 October 2017). "Tears and Laughter: Women in Japanese Melodrama". electric-shadows.com. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  12. ^ "朝日賞 (The Asahi Prize)". The Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 12 July 2021.

External linksEdit