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CharacterEdit

The parish includes the large wooded areas such as Yateley Heath Wood and part of Hazeley Heath. The River Hart flows through the parish northeast of the town. The River Whitewater forms the western parish boundary. The southern boundary now follows the M3 motorway.

 
Hartley Wintney Methodist church

The town has a typical wide Hampshire main street, lined with local businesses, shops, Osteopath, public houses and a Baptist church. The town has also a Methodist church. The Roman Catholic church of St Thomas More was built in the 1960s. In 2016 a fire destroyed its roof.[2]

The town is known for its numerous antique shops. At the southern end is the green and with thatched duck house. The pond is called Hatton's Pond, after a landlord of the Waggon and Horses public house in about 1870.[3] The red-brick Church of England parish church of St John the Evangelist overlooks the green.

Beyond the green are the Mildmay oak trees. They were planted at the behest of Lady St John Mildmay in response to a call in 1807 by Admiral Collingwood after the Battle of Trafalgar for landowners to plant oaks to provide timber for naval ships. The cricket green, home of the oldest cricket club in Hampshire, is behind the shops, with a second duckpond and Dutch-gabled farmhouse, Causeway Farm, a short distance away through a stand of oaks..

In 1831 the parish (then excluding Elvetham and part of Hartfordbridge) had a population of 1,139. In 2004 the ward had a population of 4,954. The town is twinned with Saint-Savin near Poitiers, France and with Malle in Belgium.[4]

Hartley Row is a former hamlet within Hartley Wintney.[5]

HistoryEdit

In prehistory the area was probably fairly heavily wooded with a lake and a marshy area. The Domesday Book of 1086 does not record Hartley Wintney by name. Both before and after the Norman conquest of England it was probably part of the royal manor of Odiham.[6]

The earliest record of Hartley Wintney by name is from the 12th century, when Wintney Priory of Cistercian nuns was founded there. In the 13th century its toponym was variously recorded as Hercelega, Hurtlegh or Hertleye Wynteneye. This last version means "forest clearing where the deer graze by Winta's island".[citation needed] Winta was probably a Saxon who held the island in the marshes. The toponym was recorded as Hurtleye Winteney or Wytteneye in the 14th century and Herteley Witney in the 16th century.[6]

About 100 years after the Norman conquest Hartley Wintney was made a separate manor held by the FitzPeter family. It was Geoffrey FitzPeter who founded the Cistercian priory.[6] A deer park stretched from Odiham to the outskirts of the settlement and to the north. It was used for 600 years by royalty and others for hunting, and its wood was used for fuel.

Parish churchesEdit

 
Parish church of St John the Baptist

St Mary's Church, about 23 mile (1 km) south of the centre of the town, is Hartley Wintney's original Church of England parish church. It was built in the 13th century and given new windows in the 14th and 15th centuries. In the 19th century the brick transepts and west tower were added and more windows were inserted.[7] St Mary's is a Grade II* listed building.[8]

In 1869–70 a new parish church of St John the Evangelist was built nearer the centre of the town. It is a Gothic Revival building designed by EA Lansdowne.[7] In the 20th century the Diocese of Winchester declared St Mary's redundant and vested it in the Churches Conservation Trust, leaving St John's as the parish's sole Anglican place of worship.

ElvethamEdit

 
Part of Elvetham Hall

Elvetham is a hamlet about 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Hartley Wintney. Until the 20th century it was a separate civil parish. Hartfordbridge, about 34 mile (1.2 km) northeast of Hartley Wintney, was partly in Elvetham parish and partly in Hartley Wintney.[9]

Elvetham was a manor by the time of Edward the Confessor in the 11th century.[10] There has been a country house there since at least 1535, when John Seymour entertained Henry VIII there. Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford entertained Elizabeth I there in 1591.[10] Of that house no trace remains. The present Elvetham Hall was designed by Samuel Sanders Teulon and built in 1859–62. It is now a Grade II* listed building.[11] Formerly the seat of the Barons Calthorpe, the house is now a 70-bedroom hotel, conference and banqueting venue.[citation needed]

Elvetham had a parish church from an early date, but in 1840 it was dismantled. The present Romanesque Revival church of St Mary the Virgin in the grounds of Elvetham Hall was completed in 1841.[12] In the 20th century the Diocese of Winchester declared it redundant. The church is now one of Elvetham Hall's conference and banqueting venues.

 
A Consolidated B-24 Liberator GR.VI of No. 200 Squadron RAF. This is the same version of B-24 as the one from 311 Squadron that crashed at Elvetham.

Air crashEdit

On 5 October 1945 a Consolidated B-24 Liberator GR.VI aircraft of No. 311 Squadron RAF crashed and burst into flames in a field on the Elvetham Hall estate. All of its passengers and RAF crew were Czechoslovak. All 23 people aboard were killed, including five young children who were from 18 months to three years old. The Flight List had the names of the 5 crew and the 17 civilians who were on board the plane. However an extra civilian was found, a woman. 13 of the civilians were buried in a communal grave in Brookwood Civil Cemetery. The 5 aircrew received a military burial 100 metres away in Brookwood Military Cemetery. It was realised that the extra casualty was Edita Sedlakova who had been offloaded in favour of a replacement but she had stowed aboard the flight. She had not long been married to the Flight Engineer, Zdenek Sedlak, and this was their honeymoon flight home. Edita lies in the communal grave while Zdenek is in the military. Edita was just 19 years old.[13][14]

Other notable buildingsEdit

 
West Green House

Sport and leisureEdit

Hartley Wintney F.C. is a Non-League football club that plays at The Memorial Playing Fields.

The town is believed to have one of the oldest continuously used cricket grounds in England.[17]

TransportEdit

RoadEdit

The town is on the A30 at its junction with the A323 Fleet Road, almost equidistant between Basingstoke to the west and Camberley to the east. This was the main trunk road to the West Country and Southampton from the stagecoach era until 1971, when the M3 motorway was opened. Its nearest junction is Junction 5, about 6 miles (10 km) southwest of the town. At the Phœnix pub in 1934 a group of people formed the Vintage Sports-Car Club which has gone from strength to strength until it now numbers nearly 7,000 members with races and other sporting events all over the world.

RailwayEdit

The nearest railway station is at Winchfield on the South Western main line. It is about 1 12 miles (2.4 km) south of Hartley Wintney and is signposted from the town.

BusEdit

Stagecoach South and Reading Buses buses serve Hartley Wintney. Route 7 links Aldershot, Fleet and Reading via Hartley Wintney.[18] In addition route 65X runs between Alton College and Phoenix Green via Hartley Wintney[19] and route 408 runs between Farnborough College of Technology and Reading via Hartley Wintney.[20]

Hartley Wintney Community Bus Service runs a regularly weekday commuter service to Winchfield railway station and services to Hook, Yateley, Frogmore and The Meadows. A Saturday service goes to Camberley as well as The Meadows from Hartley Wintney, via Yateley and Frogmore.[21]

Nearby townsEdit

  • Hook – 3 miles (5 km) west
  • Fleet – 3 miles (5 km) southeast
  • Yateley – 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast
  • Sandhurst – 5 miles (8 km) northeast
  • Farnborough – 6 miles (10 km) east-southeast
  • Camberley – 7 miles (11 km) east-northeast
  • Aldershot – 7 12 miles (12 km) southeast
  • Basingstoke – 8 miles (13 km) west
  • Reading – 11 miles (18 km) north
  • London (central) – 39 miles (63 km) east-northeast

Notable residentsEdit

Preservation SocietyEdit

Hartley Wintney Preservation Society was founded in 1966.[23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area: Hartley Wintney (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Hartley Wintney Church roof destroyed in blaze". BBC. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Page 87 – Hartley Wintney". Hampshire Treasures. Hampshire County Council. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "Welcome to Hartley Wintney". Hartley Wintney Parish Council. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
  5. ^ Old Hampshire Gazetteer Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c Page 1911, pp. 79–81.
  7. ^ a b Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, p. 274.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary  (Grade II*) (1092270)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  9. ^ Lewis 1931, pp. 421–427.
  10. ^ a b Page 1911, pp. 74–76.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Elvetham Hall House  (Grade II*) (1092322)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary at Elvetham Hall  (Grade II) (1116853)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Crash in Hampshire". The Times (50267). London. 8 October 1945. p. 4.
  14. ^ Template:Citer dnews
  15. ^ "West Green House". West Green House. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 2017's season runs from March 1st to 29th October inclusive. We are open Wednesday to Sunday each week, & Bank Holiday Mondays 11am to 4.30pm. We close briefly on October 29th 2017 before re-opening for our Christmas Fair on Wednesday November 8th. The Christmas Fair is open daily (including Mondays and Tuesdays) from November 8th to December 23rd
  16. ^ "The Victoria Hall in the 19th Century". Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
  17. ^ The Old Batsman (30 March 2017). "Cricket & psychogeography number 2: the fast bowlers of Hartley Wintney". The Consolations of a Cricketing Life. Blogspot. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  18. ^ "7 Buses between Reading & Aldershot" (PDF). Stagecoach South. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Alton College bus routes" (PDF). Stagecoach South. 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  20. ^ "8 408 Reading Riseley Yateley Farnborough" (PDF). Stagecoach South. 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Hartley Wintney Community Bus Service". Hartley Wintney PArish Council.
  22. ^ Bears Barn is his home address in 1947 Burke's Peerage and in the 1960 Kelly's Handbook.
  23. ^ Hartley Wintney Preservation Society

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hartley Wintney at Wikimedia Commons