Churches Conservation Trust

The Churches Conservation Trust is a registered charity[1] whose purpose is to protect historic churches at risk in England.[2] In practice, the Trust works to prevent any deterioration in the condition of the buildings in its care and to ensure they are in use as community assets. Local communities are encouraged to use them for activities and events and the buildings provide an educational resource, allowing children and young people to study history, architecture and other subjects.

Holy Trinity, Sunderland, a Grade I listed church under the care and ownership of the Trust

The charity cares for 354 English churches of architectural, cultural and historic significance.[2] To date, 94% of the churches saved from closure are Grade I or Grade II listed.[3] Many are open to visitors as heritage sites on a daily basis and nearly 2 million people visit the Trust's churches each year.[3] The majority of the churches remain consecrated though they are not used for regular worship.

The charity is run by a board of trustees, nine individuals, who delegate the day-to-day management to a chief executive and the senior management team which includes five directors. Since 2017, the chief executive has been Peter Aiers.[4] The central office of The Churches Conservation Trust is located at Society Building, 8 All Saints Street, London, N1 9RL.

HistoryEdit

The trust was established by the Pastoral Measure of 1969[2] under its original name, the Redundant Churches Fund. The legally defined object of the trust is "the preservation, in the interests of the nation and the Church of England, of churches and parts of churches of historic and archaeological interest or architectural quality vested in the Fund ... together with their contents so vested".[5][6]

 
St Peter's Parish Church in Edlington

The new charity's first project was the Grade I listed Medieval St Peter's Parish Church at Edlington in South Yorkshire, in 1971.[7] It was virtually in ruins and was extensively restored.[8] By 1979, the trust was caring for 147 churches, increasing to over 250 by 2000, and eventually to 350.[9]

Relationship to Friends of Friendless ChurchesEdit

An earlier charity with similar goals, the Friends of Friendless Churches, was founded in 1957 by Ivor Bulmer-Thomas, and their campaigning contributed to the establishment of the Redundant Churches Fund. Many of the churches cared for by the Friends were transferred to the new body, and Bulmer-Thomas became its first chairman. However, the decision to preserve a church lay with the Church Commissioners, and to prevent the demolition of others the Friends changed their constitution to enable them to take ownership of churches.[10] The Friends continue in this role in England, and in Wales (which is outside the scope of the Trust) the Friends are the equivalent of the Trust.[11]

FinancesEdit

The trust is financed partly by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport and the Church Commissioners, but grants from those bodies were frozen in 2001, since when additional funding has come from other sources, including sponsors and the general public. During the 2016-2017 period, the trust's income was £9,184,283 and expenditures totalled £9,189,061. The income was down 18% down from the previous period because of the "reduced value of legacies and HLF Grants".[5]

The trust's sponsors include the agencies listed above, while the patrons are Stephen Dawson, Tom Peers, Debbie Dance MSc MRICS FRSA, Christopher Knight and Janet Townsend-Stojic. The chief donors are Ned & Neva Asplundh, Michael Fowle, Timothy Ingram Hill and Richard Taylor.[3]

During 2016–2017, 92% of the expenditures went to front line projects, with 65% of that spent on church repairs and maintenance. Most of the balance was spent on efforts to keep churches open by increased tourism, volunteering and partnership programmes.[3] During that year it had 64 employees, and received the support of up to 2,000 volunteers.[12]

Lists of churches maintainedEdit

 
Vested in the Trust, the redundant Holy Trinity Church, Wensley, in North Yorkshire is listed as Grade I. Much of the current structure was built in the 14th and 15th centuries.

Northern EnglandEdit

This list contains the churches in the counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Merseyside, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear and Yorkshire.

East of EnglandEdit

This list contains the churches in the counties of Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, and Suffolk.

English MidlandsEdit

This list contains the churches in the counties of Derbyshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire.

South East EnglandEdit

This list contains the churches in the counties of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Greater London, Hampshire, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey and West Sussex.

South West EnglandEdit

This list contains the churches in Bristol, Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire.

CampingEdit

 
All Saints' Church, Aldwincle, Northants, set up for camping

The Churches Conservation Trust organise camping in churches (or "champing") for the churches in their care to provide accommodation for campers as a form of fund-raising.[13][14][15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Churches Conservation Trust, registered charity no. 258612". Charity Commission for England and Wales.
  2. ^ a b c About us, Churches Conservation Trust, archived from the original on 16 August 2013, retrieved 1 April 2011
  3. ^ a b c d What We Do: About us: Our Annual Review visitchurches.org.uk, accessed 28 December 2018
  4. ^ Who we are, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 2 July 2018
  5. ^ a b What We Do: About us: Annual Report & Accounts visitchurches.org.uk, accessed 28 December 2018
  6. ^ Pastoral Measure 1983:Section 44(4), National Archives, 1983, retrieved 2 September 2015 (Pastoral Measure 1983 consolidates Pastoral Measure 1968 with later legislation.)
  7. ^ Google streetview entry for St Peter's Church, Edlington google.ca/maps, accessed 28 December 2018
  8. ^ "Old Edlington St Peter". Archived from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  9. ^ What We Do: About us: Our History visitchurches.org.uk, accessed 28 December 2018
  10. ^ "Early History of the Friends". Friends of Friendless Churches. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  11. ^ "The only friends that some churches have". WalesOnline. 10 October 2007. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  12. ^ Churches Conservation Trust Annual Report, 2016/2017, Charity Commission for England and Wales, retrieved 2 July 2018
  13. ^ Ough, Tom (29 January 2017), "Camping in a church seemed like a great idea – until we locked ourselves out", Daily Telegraph
  14. ^ Dixon, Rachel (29 May 2015), "Holy nights: camping in a church", The Guardian, ISSN 0261-3077
  15. ^ "The medieval churches you can camp in", The Travel Show, BBC, 25 February 2017

External linksEdit