Fleet is a town and civil parish in the Hart district of Hampshire, England, centred 38.2 miles (61.5 km) WSW of London and 13 miles (21 km) east of Basingstoke. It is the major town of Hart District, and has large technology business areas, fast rail links to London, and is well connected to the M3. The Fleet built-up area population of 42,835 includes the contiguous parishes of Church Crookham, Crookham Village, Dogmersfield, and Elvetham Heath. The town has a prominent golf club, an annual half marathon, an athletics club, and four football clubs. The nearby service station on the motorway is named for the town.
|Population||42,835 (built-up area)|
23,167 (civil parish) (2016)
|OS grid reference|
|• London||38.2 miles (61.5 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||GU51, GU52|
Hart, of which Fleet is the main town, was voted the best place to live in the UK by the Halifax Quality of Life study in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and again in 2017, above areas such as Elmbridge in Surrey and Wokingham in Berkshire. This is due to the highly affluent majority of the population, better weather and health conditions, high levels of access to leisure space and the town's surrounding countryside which includes woodlands and the Basingstoke Canal.
Local landmarks include Fleet Pond, the largest freshwater lake in Hampshire, and a High Street with many Victorian and Edwardian buildings. Fleet holds a weekly Saturday market in Gurkha Square.
The site of Fleet was originally heathland in the northern part of the Crondall Hundred. The name Fleet was probably derived from the Norman French word La Flete meaning a stream or shallow water - a reference to the Fleet Pond from which fish had been taken for the monks in Winchester in Medieval times.
Early Days (to 1904)Edit
This north-east corner of Hampshire had shallow and sandy, slightly acidic soil, much of it boggy or covered in gorse and bracken (see Bagshot Formation). It held little use for agriculture compared to the long-grazed chalk lands and belts of alluvial areas of the rest of the county. The Fleet area has yielded few archaeological finds. Isaac Taylor's Map of Hampshire (1759) shows three small habitations in the area that was later to become Fleet.
In 1792 the Basingstoke Canal opened. The canal passed through the town site, but apart from a few inns to serve the passing trade it had little effect on the locality. Apart from the Farnham to Reading road, the site remained largely undeveloped until the construction of the London and South Western Railway, which opened in 1840. In that year a church - Christ Church that was to become the heart of the new ecclesiastical parish of Ewshot and Crookham was built midway between the villages of Crookham and Ewshot. This parish included the area that was to become the town of Fleet. The railway company promoted Fleet Pond for a destination for day excursions and many people came down from London to skate on the Pond during the winter. This attracted a number of gentry, particularly retired army officers, who moved to the area bounded by Fleet Road, Elvetham Road and Reading Road North and laid the foundations of what was to become known locally as "The Blue Triangle".
By 1860 Charles Lefroy, a local squire, commissioned All Saints' Church – in the Blue Triangle area in memory of his wife who had died in 1857. The architect was William Burges. The ecclesiastical parish of Ewshot and Crookam was split into two in 1862, with the northern section based on the All Saints' church becoming the new parish of Fleet. On 22 June 2015 the roof of All Saints' church was destroyed by fire following an arson attack.
The development of Fleet accelerated when the land to the south east of the Blue Triangle was sold for development in 1882. Development on this land was laid out in a grid pattern.
As part of the Urban District Council (1904 - 1974)Edit
Under the Local Government Act 1894 many of the duties that had previously been shouldered by the ecclesiastical parishes were transferred to new civil parish and Crookham, Fleet and Crondall each gained an elected parish council. In 1904 Fleet became an urban district, just ten years after becoming an independent parish. In 1925 and again in 1932 it expanded by taking parts of Elvetham. As a result of the Local Government Act 1929 which saw smaller urban districts merge with their surrounding rural districts, with the result that new districts emerged covering rural as well as urban parishes. As a consequence, the Fleet Urban District in 1932 expanded south of the canal and took 45% of the Crookham acreage and 61% of the population, with the rump of the parish of Crookham being returned to Crondall parish. In addition, a small area of Minley with Hawley, that consequently became the modern development of Ancells Farm, was also transferred to the expanded Fleet Urban District.
As in many parts of Britain, there was a building boom between the First and Second World Wars.
As part of the Hart District Council (1974 onwards)Edit
Fleet expanded over the decades, with new residential areas being built at Ancells Farm, Zebon Copse (Church Crookham, Crookham Village and Dogmersfield are included in the built-up area, as per the Government Statistical Service) and Elvetham Heath. Completed in 2008, Elvetham Heath is one of the UK's largest new housing developments and added some 5,163 inhabitants to Fleet's population, bringing its total population up to around 42,835. This represented a 12% population increase in less than a decade.
Earlier in the 1990s, two developments in Fleet involved a double opening on 10 May 1991; the Hart Shopping Centre, which was opened officially by the Duchess Of York and the old Hart Leisure Centre on Hitches Lane. The old Hart Leisure Centre was replaced by a new one on the other side of the road in 2019.
Fleet had been a dormitory town for commuters to London. It now has several business parks, mainly occupied by Information Technology companies.
Areas and suburbs of Fleet town are Pondtail, Ancells Park and Elvetham Heath. The villages of Crookham Village and Church Crookham are contiguous with the town. Immediately surrounding towns and villages include Winchfield, Dogmersfield, Crondall, Ewshot, and Hartley Wintney.
The Fleet Pond nature reserve is a beauty spot on the northern edge of the town. Fleet Pond is the largest freshwater lake in Hampshire. Being very shallow, Fleet Pond is actively managed and needs regular dredging to avoid it silting up. In times past, the lake has frozen over, permitting skating.
Fleet is on junction 4A of the M3 motorway. Fleet services on the M3 lies at the edge of the town. Fleet's main road, Fleet Road, runs through the town centre from south-west to north-east. Fleet railway station is on the Waterloo to Southampton main line; the train service is run by South Western Railway. Journey time to Waterloo is about 50 minutes, and express trains do the journey in under 40 minutes. Nearby airports are Blackbushe and Farnborough. The Basingstoke Canal, built at the end of the eighteenth century, connected Fleet to Basingstoke and, in the other direction, London via the Wey navigation. By the early twentieth century the canal had fallen into disrepair, but the section between the Wey Navigation and the Greywell Tunnel has since been restored by volunteers and is maintained as a leisure facility.
Being located in South East England, Fleet has a temperate climate which is generally drier and warmer than the rest of the country. The annual mean temperature is approximately 9 °C (48.2 °F) and shows a seasonal and a diurnal variation. January is the coldest month with mean minimum temperatures between 0.5 °C (32.9 °F) and 2 °C (35.6 °F). July is the warmest month in the area with average daily maxima around 21 °C (69.8 °F). Rainfall averages at 600 millimetres (23.6 in)
Politics and administrationEdit
Fleet is administered by Hart District Council and Hampshire County Council. The parliamentary constituency is North East Hampshire. In April 2010 some of the responsibilities of Hart District Council were devolved to three new parish councils: Fleet Town Council, Elvetham Heath Parish Council and Church Crookham Parish Council.
Fleet and Church Crookham (which is a suburban village of the town) is divided into the following wards:
- Fleet Central: Small part of the "Blue Triangle" the late Victorian/Edwardian town centre, and a small part south of the canal that was historically part of Crookham prior to 1976.
- Fleet East: Pondtail, Ancells Farm and the former Pyestock site (Hartland Village).
- Fleet West: Large part of the "Blue Triangle", Elvetham Heath and Edenbrook.
- Crookham East: Church Crookham estates, Velmead and the Sandy Lane Triangle.
- Crookham West and Ewshot: Gally Hill, Zebon, Tweseldown, Queen Elizabeth Barracks, Crookham and Ewshot villages.
Men in the Fleet North ward had the second highest life expectancy at birth, 89.7 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.
The town has a number of schools including:
- Crookham CE Infants
- Fleet Infants
- Heatherside Infants
- Heatherside Juniors
- All Saints
- Tavistock Infant School
- Elvetham Heath Primary School
- Church Crookham Juniors
- Tweseldown Infants
- Velmead Junior School
- Calthorpe Park School
- Court Moor School
- St Nicholas' School (independent, girls-only)
Fleet is served by Fleet railway station, on the South Western main line. The station in the 2010s underwent great improvements, funded mostly by Hampshire County Council, giving the station more car parking and disabled access.
Local bus services include services operated by Stagecoach with routes circulating the town and providing access to surrounding towns such as Farnborough and Aldershot, and a Reading Buses service connecting the Fleet to the market town of Reading, Berkshire.
Sport and leisureEdit
Fleet is the home of the North Hants Golf Club. For over one hundred years, it has been a top-ranked course in Hampshire and nationally. Justin Rose was a junior member of the club, and there is now a meeting room named after him.
Fleet has four Non-League football teams: Fleet Town F.C. who play at Calthorpe Park, Fleet Spurs F.C. who play at Kennels Lane, Fleet Albion, who play at Dippenhall St., Crondall, and FC Fleet who play at Zebon Copse.
The local press are the Fleet News & Mail, a broadsheet available in local shops, and the Surrey-Hants Star Courier, a free tabloid delivered to the door. The local BBC TV news is BBC South Today. Fleet is covered on BBC Radio by BBC Surrey, which covers North-East Hampshire additionally.
The town has numerous events organised by the local carnival committee, the largest of those being Fleet Carnival in the summer, and the switching on of the Christmas lights as December approaches (known as Fleet Festivities), usually held the last Wednesday in November and taking place along the local high-street, which is pedestrianised for the evening's events. The committee also arrange food festivals, attracting stands run by local restaurants and talks and demonstrations held in large marquees.
Other yearly events in Fleet include a Half Marathon, Fleet 10K, a beer festival organised by the local Lions Club, a Fireworks night, and the Elvetham Heath Car Show.
Gurkha Square, named after the Gurkhas who were based in Fleet for many years, houses the Fleet war memorial. A market takes place every Saturday in Gurkha Square. Major buildings on Gurkha Square are Fleet Library, and the Harlington Centre.
Fleet Services is a motorway service station on the M3 and is owned by Welcome Break. It was the only service station on the M3 until Winchester services was built in 2001.
- The actress Juliet Aubrey was born in Fleet in 1969.
- The musician Tim Battersby was born in Fleet in 1949.
- The actress Raquel Cassidy was born in Fleet in 1968.
- The musician and author Alan Clayson grew up in Fleet.
- Murder victim Marion Crofts lived in Fleet
- The magazine editor, journalist and broadcaster Mark Ellen grew up in Fleet.
- The professional tennis player John Feaver was born in Fleet in 1952.
- The comedian, musician and actor Rob Hoey is from Fleet
- The professional footballer Keith Hooker was born in Fleet in 1950.
- Alison Robins (1920-2017), worked at Bletchley Park "Y-Service", born in Fleet
- Patrick Hannan drummer in The Sundays was born in Fleet
- The golfer Justin Rose was a member of the North Hants Golf Club in Fleet.
- The art critic and man of letters, John Russell, was born in Fleet in 1919.
- The film producer Rob Weston, who produced movies such as Madness in the Method, Elsa & Fred (2014 film) and Dark Places (2015 film) grew up in Fleet.
- The platform diver Gemma McArthur, competitor for Team Scotland in the 2018 Commonwealth Games, is from Fleet.
- Projected population for parishes and towns provided by Hampshire County Environment Department's 2014 based Small Area Population Forecasts for 2016 (http://www3.hants.gov.uk/factsandfigures/population-statistics/pop-estimates/small-area-popstats.htm)
- "Office for National Statistics: Fleet built-up area". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- UK's most desirable place - BBC https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-20816479
- Hart in Hampshire revealed as UK's most desirable place - BBC https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25474188
- Hart crowned bets place to live for fourth year in a row http://www.welcometofleet.com/news-articles/hart-crowned-best-place-to-live-for-fourth-year-in-a-row Archived 23 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Quality of Life article - Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2011/dec/24/north-hampshire-quality-life-survey
- Roe, Ted (1975). Mainly about Old Fleet and Crookham.
- Wright, Tony (March 2012). "17 February 2012 - Archaeology in North Hampshire - David Allen, keeper of Archaeology, Hampshire". Fleet and Crookham Local History Group Newsletter (77). Meeting reports.
- Hart District Council & Atkins Ltd - Fleet Town Centre Urban Design Framework - Fleet Town Centre Analysis Report November 2006[permanent dead link]
- Kingston, Rob (27 January 2019). "Why Fleet tops the quality of life charts". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
Where most towns have a “golden triangle”, Fleet has the Blue Triangle
- "Fleet All Saints Church fire: Daniel Finnerty sentenced". BBC News. BBC. 27 November 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
- UK (18 December 2012). "New Homes for Sale | Persimmon Homes". Elvethamheath.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Inside Hart's £23million new leisure centre". Mackenzie Smith. 14 June 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
- "The transformation of Fleet Pond from murky waters to majestic scenes". Great British Life. 24 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
- "Where is the Basingtoke Canal?". Surrey & Hampshire Canal Society — Guardians of the Basingstoke Canal. 2004. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "About south-east England". Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Hampshire County Council - Fleet". Archived from the original on 25 January 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
- New Parish Councils Archived 30 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Fleet Parish Council website". Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- "Elvetham Heath Parish Council website". Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- "Church Crookham Parish Council website". Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Ofsted report Archived 4 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine for Heatherside
- Ofsted report Archived 15 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine for All Saints
- Ofsted report Archived 10 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine for Tavistock Infant School
- Ofsted report Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine for Velmead
- Ofsted report Archived 13 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine for Calthorpe Park School
- "An unedited interview for "Your Dover" (10th October 2007), a newspaper local to Alan's place of birth". Alan Clayson. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- Lambirth, Andrew (23 July 1992). "Obituary: John Bratby". The Independent. Obituary. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- "Gemma McArthur - Team Scotland". Team Scotland. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Fleet's Diving Ace". Fleet Hants News. Fleet Hants News. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Duchess of Cambridge joins SportsAid at workshop for Olympic and Paralympic hopefuls". SportsAid. Sports Aid. Retrieved 12 April 2018.