Fleet is a town and civil parish in the Hart district of Hampshire, England, centred 36 miles (58 km) WSW of London and 10 miles (16 km) east of Basingstoke. It is part of and the major town of Hart District, and has large technology business areas, fast rail links to London and is well connected to the UK motorway network. The 2011 population for its built up area, including attached suburbs Church Crookham (which has many of its own amenities), Dogmersfield, Elvetham Heath and Ancells Farm was 38,726. The town has a prominent golf club, an annual half marathon, athletics club and four football clubs.
|Population||37,000 (built-up area)|
21,858 (civil parish) (as at 2011 census)
|OS grid reference|
|• London||40.3 miles (64.9 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||GU51, GU52|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
In 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and again in 2017 Hart, of which Fleet is the main town, was voted the best place to live in the UK by the Halifax Quality of Life study, above areas such as Elmbridge in Surrey and Wokingham in Berkshire. This is due to the highly affluent majority of the population, better weather and health conditions, high levels of access to leisure space and the town's surrounding countryside which includes woodlands and the Basingstoke Canal.
Landmarks are Fleet Pond, the largest freshwater lake in Hampshire and its broad High Street with many Victorian and Edwardian buildings. Fleet continues to hold a street market several days per week.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics and administration
- 4 Demography
- 5 Education
- 6 Transport
- 7 Sport and leisure
- 8 Media
- 9 Culture
- 10 Fleet services
- 11 Notable people
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The site of Fleet was originally heathland in the northern part of the Crondall Hundred. The name Fleet was probably derived from the Norman French word La Flete meaning a stream or shallow water - a reference to the Fleet Pond from which fish had been taken for the monks in Winchester in Medieval times.
Early Days (to 1904)Edit
This north-east corner of Hampshire had shallow and sandy, slightly acidic soil, much of it boggy or covered in gorse and bracken (see Bagshot Formation). It held little use for agriculture compared to the long-grazed chalk lands and belts of alluvial areas of the rest of the county. The Fleet area has yielded few archaeological finds. Isaac Taylor's Map of Hampshire (1759) shows three small habitations in the area that was later to become Fleet.
In 1792 the Basingstoke Canal opened. The canal passed through the town site, but apart from a few inns to serve the passing trade it had little effect on the locality. Apart from the Farnham to Reading road, the site remained largely undeveloped until the construction of the London and South Western Railway, which opened in 1840. In that year a church - Christ Church that was to become the heart of the new ecclesiastical parish of Ewshot and Crookham was built midway between the villages of Crookham and Ewshot. This parish included the area that was to become the town of Fleet. The railway company promoted Fleet Pond for a destination for day excursions and many people came down from London to skate on the Pond during the winter. This attracted a number of gentry, particularly retired army officers, who moved to the area bounded by Fleet Road, Elvetham Road and Reading Road North and laid the foundations of what was to become known locally as "The Blue Triangle".
By 1860 Charles Lefroy, a local squire, commissioned All Saints' Church – in the Blue Triangle area in memory of his wife who had died in 1857. The architect was William Burges. The ecclesiastical parish of Ewshot and Crookam was split into two in 1862, with the northern section based on the All Saints' church becoming the new parish of Fleet. On 23 June 2015 the roof of All Saints' church was destroyed by fire in a suspected arson attack.
The development of Fleet accelerated when the land to the south east of the Blue Triangle was sold for development in 1882 which, unlike the Blue Triangle, was laid out in a grid pattern. Thus it is that there are few very old buildings; much of the modern town is formed around Victorian buildings.
As part of the Urban District Council (1904 - 1974)Edit
Under the Local Government Act 1894 many of the duties that had previously been shouldered by the ecclesiastical parishes were transferred to new civil parish and Crookham, Fleet and Crondall each gained an elected parish council. In 1904 the civil parish of Crookham was split into two - Crookham Village and Church Crookham with Church Crookham and Fleet Rural Parish being merged to form the Fleet and Church Crookham Urban District.
As in many parts of Britain, there was a building boom between the First and Second World Wars. Fleet also contains structures built in the 1960s such as the line of shops on the left of the picture below.
As part of the Hart District Council (1974 onwards)Edit
Fleet has expanded in the past few decades with new residential areas being built at Ancells Farm, Zebon Copse (Church Crookham is included in the built-up area per the Government Statistical Service) and Elvetham Heath. Completed in 2008, Elvetham Heath is one of the UK's largest new housing developments, which has added some 3,500 inhabitants to Fleet's population, bringing its total population up to around 35,000, a 20% increase in less than a decade.
Two earlier developments in Fleet involved a double opening on 10 May 1991, the Hart Shopping Centre, which was opened officially by the Duchess Of York and the Hart Leisure Centre on Hitches Lane (towards Church Crookham).
Fleet had been a dormitory town for commuters to London. It now has several business parks, mainly occupied by Information Technology companies.
The town has a large well-equipped gyms and sports clubs, included a well-followed football club.
Areas and suburbs of the town are Pondtail, Ancells Park and Elvetham Heath. The villages of Crookham Village and Church Crookham have also grown to be contiguous with the town. Immediately surrounding towns and villages include Winchfield, Dogmersfield, Crondall, Ewshot, and Hartley Wintney.
The Fleet Pond nature reserve is a notable beauty spot on the northern edge of the town. The 'pond' itself is in fact the largest freshwater lake in Hampshire, albeit very shallow. In times past, the lake has frozen over permitting skating. Fleet can be reached from London and Southampton via the M3 motorway, the nearest junction being 4A. Fleet services on the M3 lies at the edge of the town. Its main road, Fleet Road, runs through the town centre from south-west to north-east. Fleet railway station is on the Waterloo to Southampton main line; the train service is run by South Western Railway. Journey time to Waterloo is about 50 minutes, express trains do the journey in under 40 minutes. There are small airports nearby at Blackbushe and Farnborough. The Basingstoke Canal, built at the end of the eighteenth century, connected Fleet to Basingstoke and, in the other direction, London via the Wey navigation. By the early twentieth century, it had fallen into disrepair, but the section between the Wey Navigation and the Greywell Tunnel (midway between Fleet and Basingstoke) has since been restored by volunteers and is maintained as a leisure facility.
Along with the rest of South East England, Fleet has a temperate climate which is generally drier and warmer than the rest of the country. The annual mean temperature is approximately 9 °C (48.2 °F) and shows a seasonal and a diurnal variation. January is the coldest month with mean minimum temperatures between 0.5 °C (32.9 °F) and 2 °C (35.6 °F). July is the warmest month in the area with average daily maxima around 21 °C (69.8 °F). Rainfall averages at 600 millimetres (23.6 in)
Politics and administrationEdit
Fleet is administered by Hart District Council and Hampshire County Council. The parliamentary constituency is North East Hampshire. In April 2010 some of the responsibilities of Hart District Council were devolved to three new parish councils: Fleet Town Council, Elvetham Heath Parish Council and Church Crookham Parish Council.
Fleet and Church Crookham (which is a suburban village of the town) is divided into the following wards:
- Fleet Central: which covers the town centre and oldest areas of the town.
- Fleet Courtmoor: east of the Basingstoke Canal.
- Fleet North: predominantly the Elvetham Heath estate.
- Fleet West: the western side of Fleet, including part of Church Crookham.
- Church Crookham East: the northern and eastern parts of Church Crookham, with some parts of eastern Fleet.
- Church Crookham West: the southern and western parts of Church Crookham
Men in the Fleet North ward had the second highest life expectancy at birth, 89.7 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.
The town has a number of schools including:
- Crookham CE Infants
- Fleet Infants
- Heatherside Infants
- Heatherside Juniors
- All Saints
- Tavistock Infant School
- Elvetham Heath Primary School
- Church Crookham Juniors
- Tweseldown Infants
- Velmead Junior School
- Calthorpe Park School
- Court Moor School
- St Nicholas' School (independent, girls-only)
Fleet is served by Fleet railway station, on the London to Basingstoke line. The station in the 2010s underwent great improvements, funded mostly by Hampshire County Council, giving the station more car parking and disabled access.
Fleet has strong local bus service, Fleet Buzz operated by Stagecoach bus has routes circulating the town and providing access to surrounding towns such as Farnborough and Aldershot.
Sport and leisureEdit
Fleet is the home of the North Hants Golf Club. For over one hundred years, it has been a top-ranked course in Hampshire and nationally. Today it is well known as the home of the world-class golfer, Justin Rose.
Fleet has five Non-League football teams: Bender Boys FC six-a-side team who play at the Hart Leisure Centre, Fleet Town F.C. who play at Calthorpe Park, Fleet Spurs F.C. who play at Kennels Lane, Fleet Albion, who play at Dippenhall St., Crondall, and FC Fleet who play at Zebon Copse.
Hart Leisure CentreEdit
The Hart Leisure Centre is the primary local government-run sports and leisure centre in the town. It contains a 25-metre swimming pool, a teaching pool, large gym, two sports halls and a number of studios. The leisure centre is also home to many high standard local sport and martial art clubs, who meet in the facilities, supported by the centre itself.
The local press are the Fleet News & Mail, a broadsheet available in local shops, and the Surrey-Hants Star Courier, a free tabloid delivered to the door. The local BBC TV news is BBC South Today. Fleet is covered on BBC Radio by BBC Surrey, which covers North-East Hampshire additionally, and independently by 96.4 Eagle Radio.
The town has numerous events organised by the local carnival committee, the largest being Fleet Carnival, and the switching on of the Christmas lights as December approaches (known as Fleet Festivities), usually held the last Wednesday in November, taking place along the local high-street, which is pedestrianised for the evening's events. The committee also arrange food festivals, attracting stands run by local restaurants and talks and demonstrations held in large marquees.
The area has various strong charity clubs, one of which, the local Lions International club, run a Beer Festival and a Fireworks night every year.
Other yearly events in Fleet include a Half Marathon, Fleet 10K, a beer festival organised by the local Lions Club, and Elvetham Heath Car Show.
A market takes place every Saturday in Gurkha Square, outside the Harlington Building (the local Entertainment venue and library).
Fleet Services is a motorway service station on the M3 and is owned by Welcome Break. It was the only service station on the M3, until Winchester services was built in 2001.
- The actress Juliet Aubrey was born in Fleet in 1969.
- The musician Tim Battersby was born in Fleet in 1949.
- The actress Raquel Cassidy was born in Fleet in 1968.
- The Fleet Casuals
- The musician and author Alan Clayson grew up in Fleet.
- The magazine editor, journalist and broadcaster Mark Ellen grew up in Fleet.
- The professional tennis player John Feaver was born in Fleet in 1952.
- The comedian, musician and actor Rob Hoey is from Fleet
- The professional footballer Keith Hooker was born in Fleet in 1950.
- Alison Robins (1920-2017), worked at Bletchley Park "Y-Service", born in Fleet
- The golfer Justin Rose learned golf at the North Hants Golf Club in Fleet.
- The art critic and man of letters, John Russell, was born in Fleet in 1919.
- The platform diver Gemma McArthur, competitor for Team Scotland in the 2018 Commonwealth Games, is from Fleet.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- UK's most desirable place - BBC https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-20816479
- Hart in Hampshire revealed as UK's most desirable place - BBC https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25474188
- Hart crowned bets place to live for fourth year in a row http://www.welcometofleet.com/news-articles/hart-crowned-best-place-to-live-for-fourth-year-in-a-row Archived 23 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Quality of Life article - Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2011/dec/24/north-hampshire-quality-life-survey
- Roe, Ted (1975). Mainly about Old Fleet and Crookham.
- Wright, Tony (March 2012). "17 February 2012 - Archaeology in North Hampshire - David Allen, keeper of Archaeology, Hampshire". Fleet and Crookham Local History Group Newsletter (77). Meeting reports.
- Hart District Council & Atkins Ltd - Fleet Town Centre Urban Design Framework - Fleet Town Centre Analysis Report November 2006[permanent dead link]
- UK (18 December 2012). "New Homes for Sale | Persimmon Homes". Elvethamheath.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Where is the Basingtoke Canal?". Surrey & Hampshire Canal Society — Guardians of the Basingstoke Canal. 2004. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "About south-east England". Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Hampshire County Council - Fleet". Archived from the original on 25 January 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
- New Parish Councils Archived 30 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Fleet Parish Council website". Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- "Elvetham Heath Parish Council website". Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- "Church Crookham Parish Council website". Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Ofsted report Archived 4 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine for Heatherside
- Ofsted report Archived 15 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine for All Saints
- Ofsted report Archived 10 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine for Tavistock Infant School
- Ofsted report Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine for Velmead
- Ofsted report Archived 13 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine for Calthorpe Park School
- "An unedited interview for "Your Dover" (10th October 2007), a newspaper local to Alan's place of birth". Alan Clayson. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- Lambirth, Andrew (23 July 1992). "Obituary: John Bratby". The Independent. Obituary. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- "Gemma McArthur - Team Scotland". Team Scotland. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Fleet's Diving Ace". Fleet Hants News. Fleet Hants News. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Duchess of Cambridge joins SportsAid at workshop for Olympic and Paralympic hopefuls". SportsAid. Sports Aid. Retrieved 12 April 2018.