|Possible time of origin||47,000-60,000|
|Possible place of origin||North Africa or Southwest Asia|
|Defining mutations||L15/S137, L16/S138, L69.1(=G)/S163.1|
Distribution and structureEdit
The basal paragroup HIJK* has not been identified in living males or ancient remains.
Populations with high proportions of males who belong to descendant major haplogroups of Haplogroup HIJK live across widely dispersed areas and populations. Subclades of IJK are now concentrated in males native to:
- Europe (e. g. haplogroups I, J, R and N);
- the Middle East and North East Africa (e. g. haplogroups J and T);
- South Asia (e.g. haplogroups J, L and R);
- East Asia，South East Asia and the Pacific (e. g. haplogroups K, M, O, P, S)
- Northern Eurasia, e. g. haplogroups N and Q) and;
- Native American peoples (e. g. haplogroup Q and R).
† = A basal haplogroup that has not been documented among living individuals.
(Based on the YCC 2008 tree and subsequent published research.)
The defining SNP L16 is at location rs9786714 with the ancestral value being G and the derived value being A.
- Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups
- Y-chromosome haplogroups in populations of the world
- Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of Europe
- Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of South Asia
- Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of East and Southeast Asia
- Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of the Near East
- Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of North Africa
- Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of the Caucasus
- Y-DNA haplogroups by ethnic group
- Haplogroup IJ (Y-DNA)
- Haplogroup I (Y-DNA)
- Haplogroup J (Y-DNA)
- Haplogroup K (Y-DNA)
|A00||A0-T [χ 3]|
|A0||A1 [χ 4]|
|I||J||LT [χ 5]||K2 [χ 6]|
|L||T||K2a [χ 7]||K2b [χ 8]||K2c||K2d||K2e [χ 9]|
|K-M2313 [χ 10]||K2b1 [χ 11]||P [χ 12]|
|NO||S [χ 13]||M [χ 14]||P1||P2|
- The remains of Ust'-Ishim man, dating from 45,000 BP have been found to be NO*, meaning that IJK must be significantly older. 
- FTDNA Advanced SNP Descriptions
- Tatiana M. Karafet, Fernando L. Mendez, Herawati Sudoyo, J. Stephen Lansing and Michael F. Hammer; 2015, "Improved phylogenetic resolution and rapid diversification of Y-chromosome haplogroup K-M526 in Southeast Asia", European Journal of Human Genetics, no. 23 (March), pp. 369–73.
- Karafet TM, Mendez FL, Meilerman MB, Underhill PA, Zegura SL, Hammer MF (2008). "New binary polymorphisms reshape and increase resolution of the human Y chromosomal haplogroup tree". Genome Research. 18 (5): 830–8. doi:10.1101/gr.7172008. PMC 2336805. PMID 18385274.