Hans Frauenfelder

Hans Frauenfelder (born June 28, 1922) is a physicist and biophysicist notable for his discovery of perturbed angular correlation (PAC) in 1951. In the modern day, PAC spectroscopy is widely used in the study of condensed matter physics. Within biophysics, he is known for experiment and theory in understanding the dynamical behavior of protein tertiary structure.

Hans Frauenfelder
Hans Frauenfelder.jpg
BornJune 28, 1922 (1922-06-28) (age 97)
Alma materSwiss Federal Institute of Technology
Known forPerturbed angular correlation
protein folding and dynamics
AwardsMax Delbruck Prize (1992)
Scientific career
InstitutionsLos Alamos National Laboratory
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Doctoral advisorPaul Scherrer
Other academic advisorsGregor Wentzel
Wolfgang Pauli


Frauenfelder received his Dr. sc. nat. in physics in 1950 at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich under Paul Scherrer, his thesis being on the study of radioactive surfaces. At ETH, he was also taught by Gregor Wentzel and Wolfgang Pauli. Through Pauli, he also got to know many of the leading scientists such as Hendrik Kramers, Werner Heisenberg, Hans Jensen, and Wolfgang Paul.


Frauenfelder migrated to the United States in 1952, joining the Department of Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as a research associate. He stayed at the UIUC till 1992, ultimately as Center for Advanced Study Professor of Physics, Chemistry, and Biophysics.

His research interests included nuclear physics, particle physics, conservation laws, the Mössbauer effect, and the biophysics of protein folding and motions.

Frauenfelder was a visiting Scientist at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in 1958/59, 1963 and 1973.[1]

In 1992, Frauenfelder moved to the Los Alamos National Laboratory where he directed the Center for Nonlinear Studies (CNLS) until 1997. In 1997, he left CNLS and joined the theoretical biology and biophysics group at Los Alamos (T-10 recently renamed T-6) and continues research in biophysics.

Hans Frauenfelder is the inventor of the "Frauenfelder Rules", which provide a guideline about the most successful way to run a seminar at a research workshop, according to which a presentation should take up no more than 66% of the allotted time, the rest being used for questions and in-depth discussion.


Frauenfelder is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and a Foreign Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.


  • Thomas G. Ebrey, Hans Frauenfelder, Barry Honig, and Koji Nakanishi Biophysical Studies, University of Illinois Press (1988) ISBN 0-252-01528-2
  • Hans Frauenfelder, The Mössbauer Effect, W. A. Benjamin, Inc. (1962) ASIN B000Q7QEBG
  • Hans Frauenfelder and Ernest M. Henley, Subatomic Physics, Benjamin Cummings (1991) ISBN 0-13-859430-9

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Hans Frauenfelder". AIP Physics History Network. American Institute of Physics. Retrieved 2019-07-12.

External linksEdit