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Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein

Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein (Johann Adam Andreas; 16 August 1662, in Brno – 16 June 1712, in Vienna) was the son of Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein (1611–1684) and Princess Johanna Beatrix of Dietrichstein (1625–1676).

Hans-Adam I
Johann Adam Andreas v Liechtenstein.jpg
Prince of Liechtenstein
Reign5 April 1684 – 16 June 1712
PredecessorKarl Eusebius
SuccessorJoseph Wenzel I
Born(1662-08-16)16 August 1662
Died16 June 1712(1712-06-16) (aged 49)
Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Brünn
SpousePrincess Edmunda Maria of Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg
Full name
Johann Adam Andreas
FatherKarl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein
MotherJohanna Beatrix of Dietrichstein

On 18 January 1699[1] he acquired the seigneury of Schellenberg, and on 22 February 1712 the county of Vaduz.[2] These two domains would later form the present principality of Liechtenstein. He was also Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf.

Johann did not take up an office at the Imperial court but did case-by-case work, especially as a financial expert. He was known informally as Hans Adam the Rich. Besides managing his property, he took a great interest in art. He bought works by Rubens[3] and van Dyck for his collections and was one of the most generous patrons of his time.

Johann created two memorials to himself, a palace in Bankgasse in Vienna and a summer palace in Rossau. He was the 575th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria.

Marriage and issueEdit

Johann married his first cousin, Erdmuthe Maria Theresia of Dietrichstein, Princess of Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg (17 April 1652 – 15 March 1737) on 16 February 1681. They had seven children:

  • Princess Maria Elisabeth (8 May 1683 – 4 May 1744), married Leopold of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg, son of Karolina of Legnica-Brieg
  • Prince Karl Joseph (15 October 1684 – 16 February 1704)
  • Princess Maria Antonia (10 April 1687 – 9 October 1750)
  • Prince Franz Dominik (1 September 1689 – 19 March 1711)
  • Princess Maria Gabriele (12 July 1692 – 7 November 1713), married Joseph Johann Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein
  • Princess Maria Theresia (11 May 1694 – 20 February 1772)
  • Princess Maria Dominika (5 August 1698 – 2 June 1724)

He left no male heirs at his death, both of his sons having died before him.



  1. ^ Principality of Liechtenstein
  2. ^ Raton, Pierre (1970). Liechtenstein: History and Institutions of the Principality. Vaduz: Liechtenstein Verlag. p. 20. ASIN B0006D0J8E.
  3. ^ His Rubens Massacre of the Innocents, later misattributed to another painter, found its way to the Art Gallery of Ontario.

External linksEdit

Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 1657 Died: 1712
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Karl Eusebius
Prince of Liechtenstein
Succeeded by
Joseph Wenzel I